Elections, voting, and voter behavior
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Elections, voting, and voter behavior

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Elections, voting, and voter behavior Elections, voting, and voter behavior Presentation Transcript

  • Elections, Voting, and Voter Behavior
  • Outline
    Nominating Candidates
    Caucuses & Conventions
    Primary Elections
    Petition
    Nominating Presidential Candidates
    Elections and Campaigns
    Regulating Elections
    Financing Elections
    Hard & Soft Money
    Presidential Elections
    Voting Rights and Voting Laws
    History
    Laws
    Voter Behavior
    Influences on Voting Decisions
    Voters and Nonvoters
  • Nominating Candidates
    Nominate: select a candidate to run for office
    4 methods for being on the ballot:
    Caucus
    Convention
    Direct primary
    petition
  • The Caucus & Convention
    Caucus: party leaders meet and decide who will run for office
    Nominating convention: public meeting of party members to choose candidates
    Party bosses: influential party leaders
  • Primary Election
    Direct primary election: several candidates from the same party run against each other for the nomination
    Two types of primary:
    Closed primary: limited to registered members of political parties
    Open primary: any registered voter
  • Nomination by Petition
    Petition: piece of paper that states a person wishes to run for office, a number of signatures is required to be considered.
    The more important the office, the more signatures needed
  • 2008 Presidential Primaries
    General Election
  • Elections & Campaigns
    Right to vote=basic to democracy
    Election Day
    Regulating Elections:
    State v. Federal laws
    Election dates (1st Tuesday, following the 1st Monday in November)
    Help America Vote Act (2002)
  • Financing Elections
    Campaigns require lots of money:
    Offices
    Campaign workers
    Advertisements
    Websites
    Where does the money come from?
    Private donors (expect favors)
    Public money ($3 contribution on income tax)
  • Campaign Finance Laws
    Political Action Committee (PAC): a political organization formed by special interest groups such as companies and labor and professional organizations.
    Examples: National Rifle Association (NRA), The American Medical Association (AMA), etc.
  • Hard & Soft Money
    Hard Money
    Regulated by laws
    Money raised and spent by candidate themselves
    Soft Money
    No real laws
    Money raised and spent on “party building” activities
    2002 Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act: The goal was to ban soft money, however, the result was that by the 2004 election, politicians had found a loophole by setting up Section 527 organizations. Much like PACs except these groups were not regulated.
  • Presidential Elections
    Electoral College
    January 6th (Congress counts votes)
    Election night news coverage
    Popular vote: total number of votes cast by citizens
    Electoral vote: number of votes that states have in the electoral college
  • Electoral College Map
  • Voting Rights
    African Americans were not considered citizens until 1868
    Women couldn’t vote until 1920
    Native Americans were not granted citizenship until 1924
    Youth vote was extended in 1971
    Suffragist: people who supported the right to vote for women
  • Voting Rights Laws
    Law
    Fifteenth Amendment
    Voting Rights Act of 1965
    Twenty Fourth Amendment
    Interference
    Grandfather clause
    Literacy test
    Poll tax
  • Voter Behavior
    Registered Voters
    Why do some citizens vote in every election and some never vote?
  • Voter Generalizations
    Democratic
    • Younger voters
    • African-Americans
    • High school graduates
    • Women (slightly more)
    • Catholics
    • Jews
    • Immigrants
    • Urban areas
    Republican
    • High income
    • College graduates
    • Protestants
    • Some Latinos
    • Suburbs, rural areas
    Straight-ticket voting: voting only for a party’s candidates
  • Voters & Nonvoters
    Voters
    College graduates
    Higher income
    Over 45
    64+ highest voting rates
    Women more than men
    Married people
    Don’t move around
    Religious attendees
    Nonvoters
    High School graduates or less
    Low income
    Youth
    Single people
    People who move around
    Political efficacy: the idea that a person can influence government by voting.
  • Why don’t people vote?
    Don’t meet residency requirements
    Never registered
    Feel little will change
    Happy with the status-quo
    No sense of political efficacy
    Average nonvoter= male, under 35, single, low level of education, works at unskilled jobs