Good afternoon good colleagues. We are gathered today to begin an important discussion about teaching and learning at our school. Everyone in this room cares about our school and our students yet we are getting crushed on state assessments and have failed to meet AYP for a second year in a row and this puts our school in jeopardy. I know that many good things are happening in our classrooms but we need to find ways to dig deeper and take our school to the next level. No Child Left Behind has given us some lofty goals and I know that we can reach them, but we may have to change the way we do things to get there.
Today, I would like us to engage in a discussion about merit pay. I know that this is a widely debated topic and so I plan to present some information gleaned from research I have done over the past month. We all have our own opinion about performance compensation but I ask you to keep an open mind today as I am sharing the facts. I will define merit pay, explain its history and context in our schools today, present the pros and cons, outline specific models employed in other districts, and then open the floor to a thoughtful discussion about what is best for our school and if a merit pay model might be a realistic option.
Dana C. Anselmi EDUC 6232The George Washington University
Agenda 1) Introduction 2) What is it? 3) History 4) Modern Research 5) Pros 6) Cons 7) Examples 8) Conclusion
What is merit pay?“An additional sum paidto an employee, as aschoolteacher, whosework is superior andwhose services arevalued”.
The History of Merit Pay Widely used in the 1890s in Great Britain (Mansell, 2010) Resurrected in Great Britan and the USA in the 1990s. As of 2011, merit pay existed in 27 states. Supported today by Education Secretary Arne Duncan and the Obama administration but opposed by most teacher unions(Welden, 2011)
Educational Research Gates Foundation - $2 billion over the past decade towards school improvement Merit pay is an important tenet of their model (Gates, 2010)
Pros of Merit Pay Incentive for good teachers Weeds out bad teachers Federal funding in place for merit pay brings more money into schools
Cons of Merit Pay Encourages teaching to the test because there is no defined rubric for evaluation Pits teachers against one another Lack of evidence that merit pay yields results
Merit Pay Models De La Salle School –SUCCESS Oscoda, MI –SMALL-SCALE SUCCESS Chicago, IL –FAILURE
Conclusions Are we ready for merit pay? Discussion
ReferencesAbowd, P. (2008). D.C. teachers divided on merit pay plan. Labor Notes, 1(1),14. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/203697406?accountid=11243Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (2010). Learning about teaching: initial findings from the measures of effective teaching project. Retrieved from http://www.gatesfoundation.org/college-ready-education/Documents/preliminary- finding-policy-brief.pdfBurk, I. (2010). More bang for your buck: The effect of Minnesotas alternative pay for teachers on the math achievement of high school students. Ph.D. diss., Capella University. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/193266720?accountid=11243By what measure? mapping and expanding the teacher effectiveness debate. (2012). Harvard Educational Review, 82(1), 78-82. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/963359548?accountid=11243Derringer, P. (2009). Race to the tops big question: Is merit pay ready for its close-up? Scholastic Administrator, 9, 47-47. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/199514236?accountid=11243Lampkin, M., & Weaver, R. (2008). Is merit pay for teachers a good idea? Ripon Forum, 42(3), 16-18. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/229653767?accountid=11243
ReferencesLavy, V. (2009). Performance pay and teachers effort, productivity, and grading ethics. The American Economic Review 99(5), 1979-2011. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/233010612?accountid=11243Mansell, W. (2010). Merit pay across the pond. Phi Delta Kappan, 91(7), 83-84. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/218485171?accountid=11243Merit Pay. (n.d.). In Dictionary.com online. Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/merit+pay?s=tSawchuck, S. (2010). Merit pay model pushed by Duncan shows no achievement edge. Education Week, 29(33), 21-23. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.proxygw.wrlc.org/docview/375353589/139557B56D0 229603C7/43?accountid=11243Schmitz, G. (2008). A powerful merit pay system for teachers based on skill. Momentum, 39, 34-38. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/194670251?accountid=11243Toch, T. (2009). The perils of merit pay. Phi Delta Kappan, 91(2), 99-100. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/218542454?accountid=11243Welden, T. (2011). Does merit pay for teachers have merit? Pros and cons of new models for teacher compensation. Knowledge Center: The Council of State Governments. Retrieved from www.knowledgecenter.csg.org/kc/content/capitol-research-does-merit-pay-teachers- have-merit-pros-and-cons-new-models-teacher-compensation