Sounding: Experiencing Music  From Around the World If you can speak you can sing;  if you can walk you can dance. (Zimbab...
Activity 1 <ul><li>How do you  use  music in your everyday life? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you (or your friends or family) ever...
The Warrior Song http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lTs6a0ORdQU
I Wish It Would Rain http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z-es4Q8AJaU
Activity 2 <ul><li>Compare and contrast these two forms of music. </li></ul><ul><li>What were the major themes of each (in...
Activity 3 What kinds of music do you listen to when you’re: (a) sad (b) angry (c) happy?
What is Music?
Identify the  sound s  in the following pieces… Are these forms of expression  music ? Explain… http://www.youtube.com/wat...
“ Music is organized sound.”
The Musical Brain
Seven Elements of Music* <ul><li>Pitch </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Tempo </li></ul><ul><li>Contour </li></u...
Seven Elements of Music: TEMPO* WHAT IS THE  TEMPO  OF THE FOLLOWING SONGS?
Seven Elements of Music* <ul><li>Pitch : a purely psychological construct, related to both the actual frequency of a parti...
Seven Elements of Music* 2. Rhythm : the duration of a series of notes, the way they group together into units
Seven Elements of Music* 3. Tempo : the overall speed or pace of the piece
Seven Elements of Music* 4. Contour : the overall shape of a melody, taking into account only the pattern of “up” and “down”
Seven Elements of Music* 5. Timbre : the way a single instrument can change sound as it moves across its range; the “tonal...
Seven Elements of Music* 6. Loudness : how much energy an instrument creates, or how much air it displaces; the amplitude ...
Seven Elements of Music* 7. Reverberation : perception of how distant the source is from us in combination with how large ...
Higher-Order Concepts of Music* 1. Melody : the main theme of a musical piece, the succession of tones that are most promi...
Higher-Order Concepts of Music* 2. Harmony : the relationship between pitches of different tones; e.g., chord progressions...
Higher-Order Concepts of Music* 3. Meter : the ways in which tones are grouped with one another across time (e.g., waltz: ...
Higher-Order Concepts of Music* 4. Key : the hierarchy of importance that exists between tones in a musical piece
Pitches: Instrumentation
Six Functions of Music* <ul><li>Friendship </li></ul><ul><li>Joy </li></ul><ul><li>Comfort </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge </l...
Friendship <ul><li>Waging War: Tribal Attacks & Drum Music </li></ul><ul><li>Defending Against Attack: The Mekranoti India...
Friendship <ul><li>Waging War: Tribal Attacks & Drum Music </li></ul><ul><li>Defending Against Attack: The Mekranoti India...
Joy <ul><li>Feeling Good: Optimizing Health and Experiencing Pleasure  </li></ul><ul><li>Healing Ourselves: Well-being, St...
Comfort <ul><li>Hearing Soothing Sounds: Lullabies and Background Music </li></ul><ul><li>Consoling Tunes: Pain, Alienatio...
Knowledge <ul><li>Music as Memory and Information Devices </li></ul><ul><li>Oral/Aural Transmission </li></ul>
Religion <ul><li>Searching for Meaning  </li></ul><ul><li>Improving Suffering, Connecting to the Sacred </li></ul>
Love <ul><li>Increasing Intimacy and Caring with Others </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic, Biological, Psychological, and Social B...
More Case Studies  in Musical Expression
Vedic Chanting <ul><li>Krama: ab / bc / cd / de </li></ul><ul><li>Mala: ab /ba/ ab/ bc/ cb/ bc/ cd/ dc </li></ul><ul><li>J...
Barbetuques http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Q4aj_te-dw
Questions: Barbetuques <ul><li>What did this form of music and dance remind you of? </li></ul><ul><li>What rhythmic patter...
Jazz  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SEIGiIvLurs  (Parts 1-6)
Questions: Jazz <ul><li>What is jazz? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What historical changes took place during its birth? </li></ul>...
The “Hard” History of Hip-Hop http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rk3U1iR3vfU
Gathering Evidence While listening to or watching the following the clips, describe as accurately as possible  the charact...
More Gathering of Evidence For 2-minutes, write down two arguments, one agreeing and the other disagreeing with the follow...
GATHER IN  GROUPS OF FIVE BASED ON YOUR NUMBER.
Proposition Hip-hop  is little more “than an updated face on the old-hat, crude, anti-humanistic values of hedonism (pleas...
Debate ASSIGN ROLES In your group, count out loud up to the number 5.
Debate <ul><li>Now take on the following role: </li></ul><ul><li>Proponent (1-2) </li></ul><ul><li>Opponent (3-4) </li></u...
Debate <ul><li>Proponent:  Agree with Proposition </li></ul><ul><li>Opponent:  Disagree with Proposition </li></ul><ul><li...
Debate: Rules <ul><li>Proponents  start debate by giving a  2-minute argument. </li></ul><ul><li>Opponents  continue debat...
The Emergence of Electronic Music
The Emergence of Electronic Music
The Emergence of Electronic Music
Film:  Modulations <ul><li>Who tends to listen and dance to this music? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the relationship between...
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  • Island Thrush (Birds) Duet Monkeys Humpback Whales Humpback Whales
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  • Concert hall, shower
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  • 1. Can’t Get Enough of Your Love.
  • Auditory and motor synchronization lead to beliefs in forces that transcend the individual, such as societies (2008: 57). War: What is it good for? Navajo Corn Grinding Song Native American tribes danced and sang in preparation for attack. Emotional/neurochemical excitement Singing, dancing, marching advantageous on battlefield “ war cry” Synchronous precise movement of Nazi armies Singing in harmony = impression of large numbers Sound over vision = travels in dark, around corners, can reach people visually obscured by trees Establishment of bonds of trust Collective tasks much easier to accompllish Chain gangs SOUND OFF (CADENCE COUNT) (DUCKWORTH CHANT)I don&apos;t know but I been toldKorean pussy&apos;s mighty coldSound off!One, two,Sound off!Three, four,Cadence count*One, two, three, fourOne, two, three,four.I don&apos;t know but I been toldAss is worth its weight in goldI got a gal in Kansas cityShe&apos;s got freckles on her tittyGot a gal in BaltimoreShe&apos;s got a red light on her door.Got a girl, lives on a hillSays she won&apos;t, but I know she will.If I die on the Russian front,Box me up with a Russian cunt.Got a gal all dressed in blackMakes her living on her back.Got a gal all dressed in redMakes a living in her bed.Got a gal, she&apos;s long and tall,Sleeps in the kitchen with her ass in the hall.I don&apos;t know, but it&apos;s been saidWest Point boys are good in bed.Every time you stamp yo&apos; feetJody gets a piece of meat.Ain&apos;t no use in goin&apos; homeJody&apos;s got yo&apos; gal an&apos; gone.
  • Auditory and motor synchronization lead to beliefs in forces that transcend the individual, such as societies (2008: 57). War: What is it good for? Navajo Corn Grinding Song Native American tribes danced and sang in preparation for attack. Emotional/neurochemical excitement Singing, dancing, marching advantageous on battlefield “ war cry” Synchronous precise movement of Nazi armies Singing in harmony = impression of large numbers Sound over vision = travels in dark, around corners, can reach people visually obscured by trees Establishment of bonds of trust Collective tasks much easier to accompllish Chain gangs SOUND OFF (CADENCE COUNT) (DUCKWORTH CHANT)I don&apos;t know but I been toldKorean pussy&apos;s mighty coldSound off!One, two,Sound off!Three, four,Cadence count*One, two, three, fourOne, two, three,four.I don&apos;t know but I been toldAss is worth its weight in goldI got a gal in Kansas cityShe&apos;s got freckles on her tittyGot a gal in BaltimoreShe&apos;s got a red light on her door.Got a girl, lives on a hillSays she won&apos;t, but I know she will.If I die on the Russian front,Box me up with a Russian cunt.Got a gal all dressed in blackMakes her living on her back.Got a gal all dressed in redMakes a living in her bed.Got a gal, she&apos;s long and tall,Sleeps in the kitchen with her ass in the hall.I don&apos;t know, but it&apos;s been saidWest Point boys are good in bed.Every time you stamp yo&apos; feetJody gets a piece of meat.Ain&apos;t no use in goin&apos; homeJody&apos;s got yo&apos; gal an&apos; gone.
  • Sounds joins the inner world to the outer world (2008: 84). – Sting Adaptations to enhance survival. Music is essentially psychedelic. Oxytocin: orgasm, bonding, mating, trust Serotonin: regulation of mood Dispelling Cortisol (stress hormone) Techno music: increased NE, GH, ACTH, b-EP) concentrations, improvements in immune function Music as a “coiled spring.” I Feel Good: James Brown Vikrit Recitation: Mantra, Trance States, Meditation
  • Sounds joins the inner world to the outer world (2008: 84). – Sting Adaptations to enhance survival. Music is essentially psychedelic. Oxytocin: orgasm, bonding, mating, trust Serotonin: regulation of mood Dispelling Cortisol (stress hormone) Techno music: increased NE, GH, ACTH, b-EP) concentrations, improvements in immune function Music as a “coiled spring.”
  • Sounds joins the inner world to the outer world (2008: 84). – Sting Adaptations to enhance survival. Music is essentially psychedelic. Oxytocin: orgasm, bonding, mating, trust Serotonin: regulation of mood Dispelling Cortisol (stress hormone) Techno music: increased NE, GH, ACTH, b-EP) concentrations, improvements in immune function Music as a “coiled spring.”
  • Sounds joins the inner world to the outer world (2008: 84). – Sting Adaptations to enhance survival. Music is essentially psychedelic. Oxytocin: orgasm, bonding, mating, trust Serotonin: regulation of mood Dispelling Cortisol (stress hormone) Techno music: increased NE, GH, ACTH, b-EP) concentrations, improvements in immune function Music as a “coiled spring.”
  • Sounds joins the inner world to the outer world (2008: 84). – Sting Adaptations to enhance survival. Music is essentially psychedelic. Oxytocin: orgasm, bonding, mating, trust Serotonin: regulation of mood Dispelling Cortisol (stress hormone) Techno music: increased NE, GH, ACTH, b-EP) concentrations, improvements in immune function Music as a “coiled spring.”
  • Sounds joins the inner world to the outer world (2008: 84). – Sting Adaptations to enhance survival. Music is essentially psychedelic. Oxytocin: orgasm, bonding, mating, trust Serotonin: regulation of mood Dispelling Cortisol (stress hormone) Techno music: increased NE, GH, ACTH, b-EP) concentrations, improvements in immune function Music as a “coiled spring.”
  • “ Imaginary Landscapes, No. 1,” written and performed by John Cage from Early Modulations, Vintage Volts. Electronic music written in 1939. Composer and music become fused; compare this with song 6. How much knowledge does the audience need to appreciate this? Discuss Milton Babbit’s Philomel in which he synthesizes the human voice to illustrate the story of Philomel (Ovid’s story of the woman who became a nightingale after being raped and having her tongue cut out.) Music less about emotions and more about meaning.
  • “ Imaginary Landscapes, No. 1,” written and performed by John Cage from Early Modulations, Vintage Volts. Electronic music written in 1939. Composer and music become fused; compare this with song 6. How much knowledge does the audience need to appreciate this? Discuss Milton Babbit’s Philomel in which he synthesizes the human voice to illustrate the story of Philomel (Ovid’s story of the woman who became a nightingale after being raped and having her tongue cut out.) Music less about emotions and more about meaning.
  • “ Imaginary Landscapes, No. 1,” written and performed by John Cage from Early Modulations, Vintage Volts. Electronic music written in 1939. Composer and music become fused; compare this with song 6. How much knowledge does the audience need to appreciate this? Discuss Milton Babbit’s Philomel in which he synthesizes the human voice to illustrate the story of Philomel (Ovid’s story of the woman who became a nightingale after being raped and having her tongue cut out.) Music less about emotions and more about meaning.
  • “ Imaginary Landscapes, No. 1,” written and performed by John Cage from Early Modulations, Vintage Volts. Electronic music written in 1939. Composer and music become fused; compare this with song 6. How much knowledge does the audience need to appreciate this? Discuss Milton Babbit’s Philomel in which he synthesizes the human voice to illustrate the story of Philomel (Ovid’s story of the woman who became a nightingale after being raped and having her tongue cut out.) Music less about emotions and more about meaning.
  • “ Imaginary Landscapes, No. 1,” written and performed by John Cage from Early Modulations, Vintage Volts. Electronic music written in 1939. Composer and music become fused; compare this with song 6. How much knowledge does the audience need to appreciate this? Discuss Milton Babbit’s Philomel in which he synthesizes the human voice to illustrate the story of Philomel (Ovid’s story of the woman who became a nightingale after being raped and having her tongue cut out.) Music less about emotions and more about meaning.
  • “ Imaginary Landscapes, No. 1,” written and performed by John Cage from Early Modulations, Vintage Volts. Electronic music written in 1939. Composer and music become fused; compare this with song 6. How much knowledge does the audience need to appreciate this? Discuss Milton Babbit’s Philomel in which he synthesizes the human voice to illustrate the story of Philomel (Ovid’s story of the woman who became a nightingale after being raped and having her tongue cut out.) Music less about emotions and more about meaning.
  • “ Imaginary Landscapes, No. 1,” written and performed by John Cage from Early Modulations, Vintage Volts. Electronic music written in 1939. Composer and music become fused; compare this with song 6. How much knowledge does the audience need to appreciate this? Discuss Milton Babbit’s Philomel in which he synthesizes the human voice to illustrate the story of Philomel (Ovid’s story of the woman who became a nightingale after being raped and having her tongue cut out.) Music less about emotions and more about meaning.
  • “ Imaginary Landscapes, No. 1,” written and performed by John Cage from Early Modulations, Vintage Volts. Electronic music written in 1939. Composer and music become fused; compare this with song 6. How much knowledge does the audience need to appreciate this? Discuss Milton Babbit’s Philomel in which he synthesizes the human voice to illustrate the story of Philomel (Ovid’s story of the woman who became a nightingale after being raped and having her tongue cut out.) Music less about emotions and more about meaning.
  • “ Imaginary Landscapes, No. 1,” written and performed by John Cage from Early Modulations, Vintage Volts. Electronic music written in 1939. Composer and music become fused; compare this with song 6. How much knowledge does the audience need to appreciate this? Discuss Milton Babbit’s Philomel in which he synthesizes the human voice to illustrate the story of Philomel (Ovid’s story of the woman who became a nightingale after being raped and having her tongue cut out.) Music less about emotions and more about meaning.
  • “ Imaginary Landscapes, No. 1,” written and performed by John Cage from Early Modulations, Vintage Volts. Electronic music written in 1939. Composer and music become fused; compare this with song 6. How much knowledge does the audience need to appreciate this? Discuss Milton Babbit’s Philomel in which he synthesizes the human voice to illustrate the story of Philomel (Ovid’s story of the woman who became a nightingale after being raped and having her tongue cut out.) Music less about emotions and more about meaning.
  • “ Imaginary Landscapes, No. 1,” written and performed by John Cage from Early Modulations, Vintage Volts. Electronic music written in 1939. Composer and music become fused; compare this with song 6. How much knowledge does the audience need to appreciate this? Discuss Milton Babbit’s Philomel in which he synthesizes the human voice to illustrate the story of Philomel (Ovid’s story of the woman who became a nightingale after being raped and having her tongue cut out.) Music less about emotions and more about meaning.
  • “ Imaginary Landscapes, No. 1,” written and performed by John Cage from Early Modulations, Vintage Volts. Electronic music written in 1939. Composer and music become fused; compare this with song 6. How much knowledge does the audience need to appreciate this? Discuss Milton Babbit’s Philomel in which he synthesizes the human voice to illustrate the story of Philomel (Ovid’s story of the woman who became a nightingale after being raped and having her tongue cut out.) Music less about emotions and more about meaning.
  • “ Imaginary Landscapes, No. 1,” written and performed by John Cage from Early Modulations, Vintage Volts. Electronic music written in 1939. Composer and music become fused; compare this with song 6. How much knowledge does the audience need to appreciate this? Discuss Milton Babbit’s Philomel in which he synthesizes the human voice to illustrate the story of Philomel (Ovid’s story of the woman who became a nightingale after being raped and having her tongue cut out.) Music less about emotions and more about meaning.
  • Hum1 podcast-f11-week7-music-online

    1. 1. Sounding: Experiencing Music From Around the World If you can speak you can sing; if you can walk you can dance. (Zimbabwean Shona proverb )
    2. 2. Activity 1 <ul><li>How do you use music in your everyday life? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you (or your friends or family) ever make music? If so, how? </li></ul><ul><li>It is not easy to express in words why you like or value a kind of music or performance. Try it, with one piece of music you really love. </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Warrior Song http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lTs6a0ORdQU
    4. 4. I Wish It Would Rain http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z-es4Q8AJaU
    5. 5. Activity 2 <ul><li>Compare and contrast these two forms of music. </li></ul><ul><li>What were the major themes of each (in other words, what ideas, topics, or experiences did each piece address)? </li></ul><ul><li>How did each piece make you feel? </li></ul><ul><li>What functions or purposes did each piece serve? </li></ul><ul><li>Compare constructions of masculinity and femininity in each piece. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Activity 3 What kinds of music do you listen to when you’re: (a) sad (b) angry (c) happy?
    7. 7. What is Music?
    8. 8. Identify the sound s in the following pieces… Are these forms of expression music ? Explain… http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rL4Z9d9oObY http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2-BKjnAgNgY http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kQEBFCvVHMo http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DY1pcEtHI_w
    9. 9. “ Music is organized sound.”
    10. 10. The Musical Brain
    11. 11. Seven Elements of Music* <ul><li>Pitch </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Tempo </li></ul><ul><li>Contour </li></ul><ul><li>Timbre </li></ul><ul><li>Loudness </li></ul><ul><li>Reverberation </li></ul><ul><li>*Daniel Levitin. 2006. This Is Your Brain on Music. New York: Plume. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Seven Elements of Music: TEMPO* WHAT IS THE TEMPO OF THE FOLLOWING SONGS?
    13. 13. Seven Elements of Music* <ul><li>Pitch : a purely psychological construct, related to both the actual frequency of a particular tone and to its relative position in the musical scale. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Seven Elements of Music* 2. Rhythm : the duration of a series of notes, the way they group together into units
    15. 15. Seven Elements of Music* 3. Tempo : the overall speed or pace of the piece
    16. 16. Seven Elements of Music* 4. Contour : the overall shape of a melody, taking into account only the pattern of “up” and “down”
    17. 17. Seven Elements of Music* 5. Timbre : the way a single instrument can change sound as it moves across its range; the “tonal color” produced in part by overtones from the instrument’s vibrations
    18. 18. Seven Elements of Music* 6. Loudness : how much energy an instrument creates, or how much air it displaces; the amplitude of a tone
    19. 19. Seven Elements of Music* 7. Reverberation : perception of how distant the source is from us in combination with how large a room or hall the music is in; sometimes called “echo” by laypeople
    20. 20. Higher-Order Concepts of Music* 1. Melody : the main theme of a musical piece, the succession of tones that are most prominent in the mind (“sticks out” the most).
    21. 21. Higher-Order Concepts of Music* 2. Harmony : the relationship between pitches of different tones; e.g., chord progressions, or clusters of notes that form a context and background on which the melody can rest
    22. 22. Higher-Order Concepts of Music* 3. Meter : the ways in which tones are grouped with one another across time (e.g., waltz: groups of three, march: groups of four)
    23. 23. Higher-Order Concepts of Music* 4. Key : the hierarchy of importance that exists between tones in a musical piece
    24. 24. Pitches: Instrumentation
    25. 25. Six Functions of Music* <ul><li>Friendship </li></ul><ul><li>Joy </li></ul><ul><li>Comfort </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Love </li></ul><ul><li>*Daniel Levitin. 2008. The World in Six Songs: How the Musical Brain Created Human Nature. New York: Dutton. </li></ul>
    26. 26. Friendship <ul><li>Waging War: Tribal Attacks & Drum Music </li></ul><ul><li>Defending Against Attack: The Mekranoti Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Hunting Prey: Synchronous, Coordinated Song and Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Forming Work Crews: Increase Productivity and Kinship With Others </li></ul><ul><li>Easing Tensions: Formation of Larger Social Groups </li></ul>
    27. 27. Friendship <ul><li>Waging War: Tribal Attacks & Drum Music </li></ul><ul><li>Defending Against Attack: The Mekranoti Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Hunting Prey: Synchronous, Coordinated Song and Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Forming Work Crews: Increase Productivity and Kinship With Others </li></ul><ul><li>Easing Tensions: Formation of Larger Social Groups </li></ul>
    28. 28. Joy <ul><li>Feeling Good: Optimizing Health and Experiencing Pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>Healing Ourselves: Well-being, Stress Reduction, and Immune System Boosting (Oxytocin, Serotonin) </li></ul><ul><li>Surviving Everyday Life: “TRIPping”: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tension </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reaction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Imagination </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prediction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    29. 29. Comfort <ul><li>Hearing Soothing Sounds: Lullabies and Background Music </li></ul><ul><li>Consoling Tunes: Pain, Alienation, and Loss </li></ul>
    30. 30. Knowledge <ul><li>Music as Memory and Information Devices </li></ul><ul><li>Oral/Aural Transmission </li></ul>
    31. 31. Religion <ul><li>Searching for Meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Improving Suffering, Connecting to the Sacred </li></ul>
    32. 32. Love <ul><li>Increasing Intimacy and Caring with Others </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic, Biological, Psychological, and Social Bonding </li></ul>
    33. 33. More Case Studies in Musical Expression
    34. 34. Vedic Chanting <ul><li>Krama: ab / bc / cd / de </li></ul><ul><li>Mala: ab /ba/ ab/ bc/ cb/ bc/ cd/ dc </li></ul><ul><li>Jata: abbaab/ bccbbc/ cddccd/ deedde </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0tZv9utp-oc&feature=results_video&playnext=1&list=PLB9958930EDB9E20A
    35. 35. Barbetuques http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Q4aj_te-dw
    36. 36. Questions: Barbetuques <ul><li>What did this form of music and dance remind you of? </li></ul><ul><li>What rhythmic patterns were being used? </li></ul><ul><li>How did this music make you feel? </li></ul>
    37. 37. Jazz http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SEIGiIvLurs (Parts 1-6)
    38. 38. Questions: Jazz <ul><li>What is jazz? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What historical changes took place during its birth? </li></ul><ul><li>3. How did this form of music become a way of communicating between blacks and whites? </li></ul>
    39. 39. The “Hard” History of Hip-Hop http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rk3U1iR3vfU
    40. 40. Gathering Evidence While listening to or watching the following the clips, describe as accurately as possible the characteristics of hip-hop as a musical form.
    41. 41. More Gathering of Evidence For 2-minutes, write down two arguments, one agreeing and the other disagreeing with the following proposition.
    42. 42. GATHER IN GROUPS OF FIVE BASED ON YOUR NUMBER.
    43. 43. Proposition Hip-hop is little more “than an updated face on the old-hat, crude, anti-humanistic values of hedonism (pleasure-seeking) and materialism (wealth-display).” “ There's nothing whatsoever that's seriously radical or progressive about hip-hop ideas and values.” Martin Kilson
    44. 44. Debate ASSIGN ROLES In your group, count out loud up to the number 5.
    45. 45. Debate <ul><li>Now take on the following role: </li></ul><ul><li>Proponent (1-2) </li></ul><ul><li>Opponent (3-4) </li></ul><ul><li>Referee (5) </li></ul>
    46. 46. Debate <ul><li>Proponent: Agree with Proposition </li></ul><ul><li>Opponent: Disagree with Proposition </li></ul><ul><li>Referee: Direct Debate, Manage Time, </li></ul><ul><li>and Facilitate Conversation </li></ul>
    47. 47. Debate: Rules <ul><li>Proponents start debate by giving a 2-minute argument. </li></ul><ul><li>Opponents continue debate by giving a 2-minute argument. </li></ul><ul><li>Referee manages discussion by making sure groups take turns, keeping time, writing down persuasive arguments, and declaring a winner. </li></ul>
    48. 48. The Emergence of Electronic Music
    49. 49. The Emergence of Electronic Music
    50. 50. The Emergence of Electronic Music
    51. 51. Film: Modulations <ul><li>Who tends to listen and dance to this music? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the relationship between music, technology, and the environment? </li></ul><ul><li>How is intertextuality used in “electronic” forms of music to engage audiences? </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dPh6ppN0KLM

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