Ch 3 social studies copy

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Ch 3 social studies copy

  1. 1. The Early Explorers<br />Ch 3 Social Studies<br />
  2. 2. In what ways did Indians' lives change when they went to live at the missions?<br />
  3. 3. In what ways did Indians' lives change when they went to live at the missions?<br /> They learned new skills<br />farming<br />taking care of livestock<br />carpentry<br />metalworking<br />They became laborers for the missions and the presidios. <br />They had to give up their traditional ways of life and were often punished if they resisted.<br />
  4. 4. Where were the California missions located? Why was this so?<br />
  5. 5. Where were the California missions located? Why was this so?<br />The missions were located along the coast near Indian villages or trails. <br />The Spanish hoped that being close to Indian villages would make the task of bringing Indians into the missions easier. <br />Also, those locations usually had fresh water and fertile soil for farming.<br />
  6. 6. Why did the Spanish have difficulty getting settlers to move to the pueblos?<br />
  7. 7. Why did the Spanish have difficulty getting settlers to move to the pueblos?<br />Few people wanted to make the long, hard journey to Alta California.<br />
  8. 8. What did the Spanish do to encourage people to settle in the pueblos?<br />
  9. 9. What did the Spanish do to encourage people to settle in the pueblos?<br />They offered to give new settlers:<br /> land<br />farming equipment<br />farm animals<br />money<br />
  10. 10. Which group did Hernando Cortés conquer?<br />Chumash<br />Cahuilla<br />Aztec<br />Miwok<br />
  11. 11. Which group did Hernando Cortés conquer?<br />Chumash<br />Cahuilla<br />Aztec<br />Miwok<br />
  12. 12. In which bay did the explorer SebastiánVizcaíno claim to have found a good harbor for a port?<br />San Diego Bay <br />Humboldt Bay <br />San Francisco Bay <br />Monterey Bay<br />
  13. 13. In which bay did the explorer SebastiánVizcaíno claim to have found a good harbor for a port?<br />San Diego Bay <br />Humboldt Bay <br />San Francisco Bay <br />Monterey Bay<br />
  14. 14. Who started the first missions in Alta California?<br />Junípero Serra <br />Fernando Rivera y Moncada<br />Gaspar de Portolá<br />Juan Crespí<br />
  15. 15. Who started the first missions in Alta California?<br />Junípero Serra <br />Fernando Rivera y Moncada<br />Gaspar de Portolá<br />Juan Crespí<br />
  16. 16. How did the Spanish learn about the coast of Alta California?<br />from maps that Cortés took back to Spain<br />from an Indian map painted on the walls of a cave <br />from a sea expedition led by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo <br />from charts made by Francis Drake<br />
  17. 17. How did the Spanish learn about the coast of Alta California?<br />from maps that Cortés took back to Spain<br />from an Indian map painted on the walls of a cave <br />from a sea expedition led by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo <br />from charts made by Francis Drake<br />
  18. 18. Which of the following would be an important primary source about daily life in Alta California?<br />Father Junípero Serra's diary <br />a biography of Juan Bautista de Anza <br />an encyclopedia entry about King Carlos III<br />a recent newspaper article about Spanish missions in California history<br />
  19. 19. Which of the following would be an important primary source about daily life in Alta California?<br />Father Junípero Serra's diary <br />a biography of Juan Bautista de Anza <br />an encyclopedia entry about King Carlos III<br />a recent newspaper article about Spanish missions in California history<br />
  20. 20. Why were most supplies sent to Alta California by sea?<br />because Alta California had many good harbors <br />because the land routes were controlled by California Indians <br />because no land routes had yet been discovered <br />because the land routes were too difficult<br />
  21. 21. Why were most supplies sent to Alta California by sea?<br />because Alta California had many good harbors <br />because the land routes were controlled by California Indians <br />because no land routes had yet been discovered <br />because the land routes were too difficult<br />
  22. 22. What did later explorers discover about the island northwest of New Spain that Cortés had claimed for Spain?<br />that the Strait of Anián was just north of it<br />that the native peoples of the island had a lot of gold <br />that it was a peninsula, not an island <br />that English settlements had already been built there<br />
  23. 23. What did later explorers discover about the island northwest of New Spain that Cortés had claimed for Spain?<br />that the Strait of Anián was just north of it<br />that the native peoples of the island had a lot of gold <br />that it was a peninsula, not an island <br />that English settlements had already been built there<br />
  24. 24. Why did Spanish explorers want to find the Strait of Anián?<br />to cross the Sierra Nevada <br />to ship captured Indians back to Spain <br />to make trading with Asia easier <br />to find an easier route to California<br />
  25. 25. Why did Spanish explorers want to find the Strait of Anián?<br />to cross the Sierra Nevada <br />to ship captured Indians back to Spain <br />to make trading with Asia easier <br />to find an easier route to California<br />
  26. 26. Where did the Spanish believe the Strait of Anián was located?<br />between the Philippines and New Spain <br />in the northern Pacific Ocean <br />in the northern Caribbean Sea <br />at the southern tip of South America<br />
  27. 27. Where did the Spanish believe the Strait of Anián was located?<br />between the Philippines and New Spain <br />in the northern Pacific Ocean <br />in the northern Caribbean Sea <br />at the southern tip of South America<br />
  28. 28. The Strait of Anián was the 16th centurySpanish name for the Northwest Passage that supposedly connected the Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean in the temperate or tropic regions of North America. It was based on the idea that North America was not a continent but a large archipelago. Such a strait does not in fact, exist, although the Northwest Passage itself was discovered in the 20th century through the CanadianArctic islands. <br />
  29. 29. Spanish ships sailing from New Spain to the Philippines depended on ____ to speed them on their way.<br />presidios <br />pueblos <br />missionaries <br />neophytes <br />ocean currents<br />
  30. 30. Spanish ships sailing from New Spain to the Philippines depended on ____ to speed them on their way.<br />presidios <br />pueblos <br />missionaries <br />neophytes <br />ocean currents<br />
  31. 31. The Spanish in California built ____ to defend the coastline and to protect the missions from attacks.<br />A neophytes <br />missionaries <br />pueblos <br />oceancurrents<br />presidios<br />
  32. 32. The Spanish in California built ____ to defend the coastline and to protect the missions from attacks.<br />A neophytes <br />missionaries <br />pueblos <br />oceancurrents<br />presidios<br />
  33. 33. Indians new to Catholicism, who were called ____, had to give up their traditional beliefs<br />neophytes <br />missionaries <br />pueblos <br />oceancurrents<br />presidios<br />
  34. 34. Indians new to Catholicism, who were called ____, had to give up their traditional beliefs<br />neophytes <br />missionaries <br />pueblos <br />oceancurrents<br />presidios<br />
  35. 35. Most of the ____ in California were Franciscan priests, who taught Catholicism and Spanish ways of life to the Indians.<br />neophytes <br />missionaries <br />pueblos <br />oceancurrents<br />presidios<br />
  36. 36. Most of the ____ in California were Franciscan priests, who taught Catholicism and Spanish ways of life to the Indians.<br />neophytes <br />missionaries <br />pueblos <br />oceancurrents<br />presidios<br />
  37. 37. The cities known as San Jose and Los Angeles began as farming communities called ____.<br />neophytes <br />missionaries <br />pueblos <br />oceancurrents<br />presidios<br />
  38. 38. The cities known as San Jose and Los Angeles began as farming communities called ____.<br />neophytes <br />missionaries <br />pueblos <br />oceancurrents<br />presidios<br />
  39. 39. Based on the map, which country appears to be Spain's greatest rival for control of the PacificcoastofNorthAmerica?<br />Britain <br />Russia <br />Mexico <br />France<br />
  40. 40. Based on the map, which country appears to be Spain's greatest rival for control of the PacificcoastofNorthAmerica?<br />Britain <br />Russia <br />Mexico <br />France<br />
  41. 41. Which of the statements, A or B, is a primary source? Explain.<br />Passage A<br /> The most serious threat to the mission Indians was disease...The diseases spread quickly and sometimes killed whole villages.<br />Passage B<br /> "Sickness is always with us, and I fear it is the end of the Indian race. What can we do?" <br /> -Father Jose Viader<br />
  42. 42. Which of the statements, A or B, is a primary source? Explain.<br />Passage A<br /> The most serious threat to the mission Indians was disease...The diseases spread quickly and sometimes killed whole villages.<br />Passage B<br /> "Sickness is always with us, and I fear it is the end of the Indian race. What can we do?" <br /> -Father Jose Viader<br />
  43. 43. Primary Source<br /> This statement is a primary source because the author uses the personal pronouns I and we when expressing feelings about the events. <br /> Also, the statement is in quotation marks and attributed to Father José Viader, indicating that he made the statement about a subject of which he had firsthand knowledge.<br />
  44. 44. Primary Source<br /> This statement is a primary source because the author uses the personal pronouns I and we when expressing feelings about the events. <br /> Also, the statement is in quotation marks and attributed to Father José Viader, indicating that he made the statement about a subject of which he had firsthand knowledge.<br />
  45. 45. Where were the California missions located? Why was this so?<br />
  46. 46. Where were the California missions located? Why was this so?<br />The missions were located along the coast near Indian villages or trails. <br />The Spanish hoped that being close to Indian villages would make the task of bringing Indians into the missions easier. <br />Also, those locations usually had fresh water and fertile soil for farming.<br />
  47. 47. How did the Spanish learn about the coast of Alta California?<br />from maps that Cortés took back to Spain<br />from an Indian map painted on the walls of a cave <br />from a sea expedition led by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo <br />from charts made by Francis Drake<br />
  48. 48. How did the Spanish learn about the coast of Alta California?<br />from maps that Cortés took back to Spain<br />from an Indian map painted on the walls of a cave <br />from a sea expedition led by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo <br />from charts made by Francis Drake<br />

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