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Declaration of independence
 

Declaration of independence

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    Declaration of independence Declaration of independence Presentation Transcript

    • Jefferson said it was a blast against “chains” of “monkish ignorance and superstition” in which men had willingly bound themselvesDeclaration ofIndependence
    • American Rebellion“The spirit of the European Enlightenmentinformed the American Declaration ofIndependence.” – Reject monarchy/dynastic legitmacy – Began as tax revolt/fiscal crisis – Endorse Equality (white males) – Based on consent of governed – Inalienable Natural Rights – Including Right of Rebellion when rights violated – Written constitution to limit govt power
    • John Locke 1632-1794Key inspiration for Decl of IndependencePhysician“Two Treatises on Government” (1690) argues consent of people basis of political legitimacySocial contract theoryLimited governmentNatural rightsSeparation of Religion and Govt faith private matter
    • Locke’s Letter on Toleration (1689)“chief identifying mark of the trueChurch”
    • Locke’s Letter on Toleration(1689)
    • French Revolution• Murder king!• Began as severe tax revolt/fiscal crisis, caused .5 % Clergy & by French support of 1.5% Nobles, 1st Americans! and 2nd Estates , all wealth no• Declarations of Rights of taxes Man and Citizen 86% of peasants, 3rd Estate, no wealth all taxes
    • Compare AmericanRebellion/French Revolution Originated as tax revolts  British caused by fighting French  French caused by aiding Americans @ Brits!
    • Some Differences betweenthe Rebellion and theRevolution? • 1. Americans did not kill the king! – Terror, determined fight by aristocrats all over Europe • 2. Three thousands miles of ocean • 3. George Washington! (He was not Bonaparte!)