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Japanese Internment

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This powerpoint discusses a facet of the WWII unit of Regents U.S. History.

This powerpoint discusses a facet of the WWII unit of Regents U.S. History.


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Transcript

  • 1. Japanese Internment
  • 2.
    • At the beginning of the war, 120,000 Japanese Americans lived in the U.S.
    • The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor would greatly change their lives
  • 3. Mass Evacuation or Internment?
    • Fear of the Japanese after the attack on Pearl Harbor
    • 1942: Call for Japanese-Americans in Hawaii to be removed
    • Impossible to do because 37% of Hawaiians were of Japanese decent & this would ruin Hawaii’s
    • economy
    • SO, 1,100 Hawaiian-Japanese
    • would eventually be sent to
    • internment camps
  • 4. Executive Order 9066
    • Feb. 1942: Roosevelt signed an order that would remove Japanese-Americans in four states
    • These citizens would be shipped to “relocation centers”
  • 5. Internment Camps
    • Japanese had to:
      • Sell their belongings
      • Sell their homes
      • Leave behind their friends
      • Leave their jobs
      • … AND move to these camps
  • 6. Camp Locations
  • 7. Korematsu v. United States
    • Supreme Court case in 1944 that stated that the government sending the Japanese-American citizens to camps was JUSTIFIED
  • 8. After the War…
    • Japanese American Citizens League (JACL)
      • Wanted the government to compensate those who were sent to camps
      • 1965: Congress spent $38 million for this purpose
      • 1978: President Reagan signed a bill to have all relocated families receive $20,000
  • 9. Internment Camps