+Eight Ways To TeachDr. Howard Gardner Linguistic Logical/Mathematical Spatial Bodily/Kinesthetic Musical Interpersonal Intrapersonal Naturalistic
+Linguistic Learning Learn Through: Reading Memorizing Playing word games Making up rhymes or puns
+Linguistic Teaching Teaching Activities: Lectures, discussions, word games, storytelling, journal writing Reading, writing, and listening Teaching Materials Books Tape Recorders Books on tape
+Logical/Mathematical Learning Learn Through: Recording information systematically Setting up experiments (what if..?) Playing strategy games (chess, checkers) Analyzing data Asking logical questions
+Logical/Mathematical Teaching Teaching Activities Brain teasers, problem solving, science experiments, mentalcalculations, number games, critical thinking Quantify, think critically, create logical frameworks, experiments Teaching Materials Calculators Math manipulatives Science equipment Math games
+Spatial Learning Learn Through: Studying Pictures Watching Videos Using Visuals Tangible Aids Doing Mazes Puzzles Making Predictions
+Spatial Teaching Teaching Activities: Visual presentations, art activities, imagination games, visualizationmetaphor See it, draw it, visualize it, color it, mind-map it Teaching Materials Graphs Maps Videos Art materials Cameras Pictures
+Bodily/Kinesthetic Learning Learn Through: Doing role plays Constructing physical examples Exercising while reviewing Visiting museums, institutions or parks
+Bodily/Kinesthetic Teaching Teaching Activities Hands on learning, drama, dance, sports that teach, tactileactivities, relaxation exercises Build it, Act it, Touch it, Dance it, Provoke a Gut Feeling/EmotionalReaction Teaching Materials: Building tools Clay Sports equipment Manipulatives Tactile learning resources
+Musical Learning Learn Through: Listening to recordings Talking to yourself Making up songs Mentally repeating information Reading aloud Changing tempo
+Musical Teaching Teaching Activities Rhythmic learning, rapping, using songs that teach Sing it, Rap it, Listen to it Teaching Materials: Tape Recorder Recorded Content Musical Instruments
+Interpersonal Learning Learn Through: Studying in groups Comparing information with others Interviewing experts Relating personal experiences Working in a team Doing cooperative projects
+Interpersonal Teaching Teaching Activities: Cooperative learning, peer tutoring, community involvement, socialgatherings, simulations Teach it, Collaborate on it, Interact with respect to it Teaching Materials Board Games Props for role play Other people
+Intrapersonal Learning Learn Through: Avoiding distractions Establishing personal roles Playing solitary games Setting own pace Working alone Relating to personal experiences
+Intrapersonal Teaching Teaching Activities: Individualized instruction, independent study, options in course ofstudy, self-esteem building Connect it to your personal life, make choices with regard to it,reflect on it Teaching Materials Self Checking Materials Journals Materials for Projects
+Naturalist Learning Learn Through: Studying outside Learning in the presence of plants and pets Relating environmental issues to topics Smelling, Seeing, Touching, Tasting Observing natural phenomenon
+Naturalist Teaching Teaching Activities Nature study, ecological awareness, care of animals Connect to living things and natural phenomena Teaching Materials: Plants Animals Naturalists’ Tools Gardening Tools
+Discussion Questions You are preparing to take the GRE. How do you study for thevocab section? What is the most intuitive way for you to teach integers?
+Scenarios You have noticed that your student, Nelly, always narrates outloud her process for solving math problems. You are having ahard time teaching her pattern recognition in math class. Whattype of learner is she and how would you best help her learnthis skill? Aaliyah loves PE and is constantly getting up out of her seatand moving around the classroom. She is generally strugglingin all of her classes and seems to think everything about all ofher other classes are boring. What type of learner is she andhow do you motivate her to engage in class?
+Scenarios (Cont.) Luda Cris is very reluctant to sit anywhere without his friendsand he won’t do pullouts without at least one friend. Theproblem is, even when his friends get the work done, Luda Crisremains distracted and focused on off-topic stories. You haveseen glimpses of success when he is able to help anotherstudent and talk while working. What type of learner is he andhow would you help him get his work done?