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Greek. The Acropolis, Athens, Greece, as rebuilt post 479 BCE.
2nd half fifth century BCE.
[Fig. 2.1]
Greek. The Stoa of Attalos, Athens, Greece.
150 BCE.
[Fig. 2.2]
Map: The City-states of Ancient Greece.
[Fig. Map 2.1]
Cycladic. Figurine of a woman from the Cyclades.
ca. 2500 BCE. Marble. Height: 15-3/4".
Nicholas P. Goulandris Foundation....
Minoan. Miniature Ship Fresco, left section. Room 5, West House, Akrotiri, Thera.
Before 1623 BCE. Fresco. Height: 15-3/4"...
Minoan. Bull Leaping (Toreador Fresco). From the palace complex at Knossos, Crete.
ca. 1450–1375 BCE. Fresco. Height appro...
Minoan. Snake Goddess or Priestess. From the palace at Knossos, Crete.
ca. 1500 BCE. Faience. Height 11-5/8".
National Arc...
Minoan. Reconstruction drawing of the new palace complex at Knossos, Crete
(color drawing).
ca. 1500 BCE.
[Fig. 2.7]
Minoan. Grand Staircase, east wing, palace complex at Knossos, Crete, as reconstructed
by Sir Arthur Evans.
ca. 1500 BCE.
...
Minoan. Vaphio Cup, from a tomb at Vaphio, south of Sparta, Greece.
ca. 1650–1450 BCE. Gold repoussé. Height 3-1/2".
Natio...
Mycenaean. Lion Gate, Mycenae, Greece.
ca. 1300 BCE. Limestone relief. Height of relief panel: 9' 6".
[Fig. 2.10]
Mycenaean. Funerary mask (Mask of Agamemnon).
From Grave Circle A, Mycenae, Greece.
ca. 1600–1550 BCE. Gold repoussé. Heig...
Greek. Botkin Class Amphora, Greek. Black-figure decoration.
ca. 540-530 BCE. Black-figure ceramic. Height: 11-9/16" Diame...
Greek. The Temple of Hera I, ca. 560 BCE (background), and The Temple of Hera II,
ca. 460 BC. (foreground), Paestum, Italy...
Greek. The Athenian Treasury, Delphi.
ca. 510 BCE.
[Fig. 2.14a]
Greek. Plan: the Athenian Treasury, Delphi.
ca. 510 BCE.
[Fig. 2.14b]
Greek. Model of a Temple, found in the Sanctuary of Hera, Argos.
Mid-eighth century BCE.
[Fig. 2.15]
Euphiletos Painter. A foot-race at the Panathenaic Games in Athens. Detail of black-figure
Amphora by Euphiletos Painter.
...
Greek. Temple of Hera I, Paestum, Italy, plan.
ca. 540 BCE.
[Fig. 2-CL.1b]
Greek. Doric columns at the Temple of Hera I, Paestum, Italy.
ca. 540 BCE.
[Fig. 2-CL.1a]
Greek. Naxian sphinx on an Ionic column, Delphi.
ca. 560 BCE. Height of sphinx: 91".
Archaeological Museum, Delphi. [Fig. ...
Greek. Corinthian capital from the Tholos, Epidaurus.
Fourth century BCE. Height: 26".
Archaeological Museum, Epidaurus. [...
Greek. Diagram of the Orders, from James Stuart, The Antiquities of Athens,
London. 1794.
[Fig. 2-CL.4]
Greek. New York Kuoros.
ca. 600 BCE. Marble. Height: 6' 4".
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Fletcher Fund, 1932 ...
Greek. Anavysos Kouros, from Anavysos cemetery, near Athens.
ca. 525 BE. Marble with remnants of paint. Height: 6' 4".
Nat...
Greek. Peplos Kore from the Acropolis, Athens.
Dedicated 530 BCE. Polychromed marble. Height: 47-1/2”
Acropolis Museum, At...
Greek. Peplos Kore from the Acropolis, Athens, plaster cast reconstructing the original.
Dedicated 530 BCE. Plaster cast. ...
Greek. Kore, from the Acropolis, Athens.
ca. 520 BCE. Polychromed marble. Height: 21".
Acropolis Museum, Athens. [Fig. 2.2...
The Priam Painter. Women at a Fountain House. Black-figure decoration on a hydria vase.
ca. 520 BCE. Black-figure ceramic....
Euphronius (painter) and Euxitheos (potter). Death of Sarpedon. Red-figure decoration
on a calyx krater. ca. 515 BCE. Red-...
Greek. Map: Athens as it appeared in the late fifth century BCE.
[Fig. Map 2.2]
Ictinus and Callicrates. The Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens.
447–438 BCE, Sculpture program by 432 BCE. 221' x 101' (top ste...
Ictinus and Callicrates. The Parthenon: the plan of the temple, Acropolis, Athens.
447–438 BCE. 228' x 101' (top step).
[F...
Temple of Athena Nike, Acropolis, Athens.
ca. 425 BCE.
[Fig. 2.24]
Erechtheion, Acropolis, Athens.
430s–405 BCE.
[Fig. 2.25]
Greek. Kritios Boy, from Acropolis, Athens. ca. 480 BCE.
480 BCE. Marble. Height: 46".
Acropolis Museum, Athens. [Fig. 2.2...
Polyclitus. Doryphoros (Spear Bearer),
Roman copy after the original bronze by Polyclitus.
ca. 450–440 BCE. Marble. Height...
Phidias. Model of the Athena Parthenos, original ca. 440 BCE.
ca. 440 BCE. Height of original: approx. 40'.
Royal Ontario ...
Ictinus and Callicrates. The Parthenon: Cutaway drawing of the Parthenon porch showing
friezes, metopes, and pediment. (co...
Young Men on Horseback, segment of the north frieze, Parthenon.
ca. 440 BCE. Marble. Height: 41".
© The Trustees of The Br...
A recumbent god (Dionysus or Heracles), from the east pediment of the Parthenon.
ca. 435 BCE. Marble.
© The Trustees of Th...
Lapith overcoming a centaur, south metope 27, from the Parthenon, Athens.
447–438 BCE.
© The Trustees of The British Museu...
Assteas. Red-figure krater depicting a comedy, from Paestum, Italy.
ca. 350 BCE. Red-figure ceramic.
Staatliche Museen, Be...
Theater, Epidaurus.
Early third century BCE.
[Fig. 2.34]
Plan: Theater at Epidaurus (line drawing).
Early third century BCE.
[Fig. 2.35]
Alexander the Great, head from a Pergamene copy (ca. 200 BCE) of a statue, possibly
after a fourth-century BCE original by...
Map: Alexander’s empire as of his death in 323 BCE and the route of his conquests.
323 BCE.
[Fig. Map 2.3]
Roman copy after Lysippus. Apoxyomenos (The Scraper), Roman copy of an original
Greek bronze of ca. 350–325 BCE.
ca. 350–3...
Roman copy after Praxiteles. Aphrodite of Knidos.
ca. 350 BCE. Marble. Height: 6' 8".
P. Zigrossi/Vatican Museums, Vatican...
Hellenistic. Reconstructed west front of the Altar of Zeus, from Pergamon.
ca. 165 BCE. Marble.
Staatliche Museen zu Berli...
Hellenistic. East frieze of the Altar of Zeus, from Pergamon. Detail.
ca. 165 BCE. Marble.
Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, An...
Hellenistic. Nike (Victory) of Samothrace.
From the Sanctuary of the Great Gods, Samothrace.
ca. 300-190 BCE. Marble. Heig...
Hagesandros, Polydoros, and Athanadoros of Rhodes. Laocoön and His Sons.
Second-first century BCE, or first century CE. Ma...
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Humanties 100: Chapter 2

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  • Greek. The Acropolis, Athens, Greece, as rebuilt post 479 BCE.2nd half fifth century BCE.[Fig. 2.1]
  • Greek. The Stoa of Attalos, Athens, Greece.150 BCE.[Fig. 2.2]
  • Map: The City-states of Ancient Greece.[Fig. Map 2.1]
  • Cycladic. Figurine of a woman from the Cyclades.ca. 2500 BCE. Marble. Height: 15-3/4".Nicholas P. Goulandris Foundation. Museum of Cycladic Arts, Athens. N. P. Goulandris Collection, No. 206. [Fig. 2.3]
  • Minoan. Miniature Ship Fresco, left section. Room 5, West House, Akrotiri, Thera.Before 1623 BCE. Fresco. Height: 15-3/4".National Archaeological Museum, Athens. [Fig. 2.4]
  • Minoan. Bull Leaping (Toreador Fresco). From the palace complex at Knossos, Crete.ca. 1450–1375 BCE. Fresco. Height approx. 24-1/2".National Archaeological Museum, Iráklion, Crete. [Fig. 2.5]
  • Minoan. Snake Goddess or Priestess. From the palace at Knossos, Crete.ca. 1500 BCE. Faience. Height 11-5/8".National Archaeological Museum, Iráklion, Crete. [Fig. 2.6]
  • Minoan. Reconstruction drawing of the new palace complex at Knossos, Crete (color drawing).ca. 1500 BCE.[Fig. 2.7]
  • Minoan. Grand Staircase, east wing, palace complex at Knossos, Crete, as reconstructed by Sir Arthur Evans.ca. 1500 BCE.[Fig. 2.8]
  • Minoan. Vaphio Cup, from a tomb at Vaphio, south of Sparta, Greece.ca. 1650–1450 BCE. Gold repoussé. Height 3-1/2".National Archaeological Museum, Iráklion, Crete. [Fig. 2.9]
  • Mycenaean. Lion Gate, Mycenae, Greece.ca. 1300 BCE. Limestone relief. Height of relief panel: 9' 6".[Fig. 2.10]
  • Mycenaean. Funerary mask (Mask of Agamemnon). From Grave Circle A, Mycenae, Greece.ca. 1600–1550 BCE. Gold repoussé. Height: approx. 12".National Archaeological Museum, Athens. [Fig. 2.11]
  • Greek. Botkin Class Amphora, Greek. Black-figure decoration.ca. 540-530 BCE. Black-figure ceramic. Height: 11-9/16" Diameter: 9-1/2".Museum of Fine Arts, Boston: Henry Lillie Pierce Fund 98.923.Photograph © 2008 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. [Fig. 2.12]
  • Greek. The Temple of Hera I, ca. 560 BCE (background), and The Temple of Hera II,ca. 460 BC. (foreground), Paestum, Italy. [Fig. 2.13]
  • Greek. The Athenian Treasury, Delphi.ca. 510 BCE.[Fig. 2.14a]
  • Greek. Plan: the Athenian Treasury, Delphi.ca. 510 BCE.[Fig. 2.14b]
  • Greek. Model of a Temple, found in the Sanctuary of Hera, Argos.Mid-eighth century BCE.[Fig. 2.15]
  • Euphiletos Painter. A foot-race at the Panathenaic Games in Athens. Detail of black-figure Amphora by Euphiletos Painter.ca. 530 BCE. Black-figure ceramic. Height: 24-1/2".The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Rogers Fund, 1914 (14.130.12).Image copyright © The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Art Resource, NY. [Fig. 2.16]
  • Greek. Temple of Hera I, Paestum, Italy, plan.ca. 540 BCE.[Fig. 2-CL.1b]
  • Greek. Doric columns at the Temple of Hera I, Paestum, Italy.ca. 540 BCE.[Fig. 2-CL.1a]
  • Greek. Naxian sphinx on an Ionic column, Delphi.ca. 560 BCE. Height of sphinx: 91".Archaeological Museum, Delphi. [Fig. 2-CL.2]
  • Greek. Corinthian capital from the Tholos, Epidaurus.Fourth century BCE. Height: 26".Archaeological Museum, Epidaurus. [Fig. 2-CL.3]
  • Greek. Diagram of the Orders, from James Stuart, The Antiquities of Athens,London. 1794.[Fig. 2-CL.4]
  • Greek. New York Kuoros.ca. 600 BCE. Marble. Height: 6' 4".The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Fletcher Fund, 1932 (32.11.1). Image copyright © The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Art Resource, NY. [Fig. 2.17]
  • Greek. Anavysos Kouros, from Anavysos cemetery, near Athens.ca. 525 BE. Marble with remnants of paint. Height: 6' 4".National Archaeological Museum, Athens. [Fig. 2.18]
  • Greek. Peplos Kore from the Acropolis, Athens.Dedicated 530 BCE. Polychromed marble. Height: 47-1/2”Acropolis Museum, Athens. [Fig. 2.19a]
  • Greek. Peplos Kore from the Acropolis, Athens, plaster cast reconstructing the original.Dedicated 530 BCE. Plaster cast. Height: 47-1/2”Museum of Classical Archaeology, Cambridge, England. [Fig. 2.19b]
  • Greek. Kore, from the Acropolis, Athens.ca. 520 BCE. Polychromed marble. Height: 21".Acropolis Museum, Athens. [Fig. 2.20]
  • The Priam Painter. Women at a Fountain House. Black-figure decoration on a hydria vase.ca. 520 BCE. Black-figure ceramic. Height: 20-7/8".Courtesy Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Reproduced with permission. © 2005 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. All rights reserved. [Fig. 2.21]
  • Euphronius (painter) and Euxitheos (potter). Death of Sarpedon. Red-figure decoration on a calyx krater. ca. 515 BCE. Red-figure ceramic. Height: 18".Museum of Villa Giulia, Rome. [Fig. 2.22]
  • Greek. Map: Athens as it appeared in the late fifth century BCE.[Fig. Map 2.2]
  • Ictinus and Callicrates. The Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens.447–438 BCE, Sculpture program by 432 BCE. 221' x 101' (top step).[Fig. 2.23]
  • Ictinus and Callicrates. The Parthenon: the plan of the temple, Acropolis, Athens.447–438 BCE. 228' x 101' (top step).[Fig. 2.23b]
  • Temple of Athena Nike, Acropolis, Athens.ca. 425 BCE.[Fig. 2.24]
  • Erechtheion, Acropolis, Athens.430s–405 BCE.[Fig. 2.25]
  • Greek. Kritios Boy, from Acropolis, Athens. ca. 480 BCE.480 BCE. Marble. Height: 46".Acropolis Museum, Athens. [Fig. 2.26]
  • Polyclitus. Doryphoros (Spear Bearer), Roman copy after the original bronze by Polyclitus.ca. 450–440 BCE. Marble. Height: 6' 6".Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples. [Fig. 2.27]
  • Phidias. Model of the Athena Parthenos, original ca. 440 BCE.ca. 440 BCE. Height of original: approx. 40'.Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto. [Fig. 2.28]
  • Ictinus and Callicrates. The Parthenon: Cutaway drawing of the Parthenon porch showing friezes, metopes, and pediment. (color drawing).447–438 BCE. 228' x 101' (top step).[Fig. 2.29]
  • Young Men on Horseback, segment of the north frieze, Parthenon.ca. 440 BCE. Marble. Height: 41".© The Trustees of The British Museum/Art Resource, NY. [Fig. 2.30]
  • A recumbent god (Dionysus or Heracles), from the east pediment of the Parthenon.ca. 435 BCE. Marble.© The Trustees of The British Museum/Art Resource, NY. [Fig. 2.31]
  • Lapith overcoming a centaur, south metope 27, from the Parthenon, Athens.447–438 BCE.© The Trustees of The British Museum/Art Resource, NY. [Fig. 2.32]
  • Assteas. Red-figure krater depicting a comedy, from Paestum, Italy.ca. 350 BCE. Red-figure ceramic.Staatliche Museen, Berlin. [Fig. 2.33]
  • Theater, Epidaurus.Early third century BCE.[Fig. 2.34]
  • Plan: Theater at Epidaurus (line drawing).Early third century BCE.[Fig. 2.35]
  • Alexander the Great, head from a Pergamene copy (ca. 200 BCE) of a statue, possibly after a fourth-century BCE original by Lysippus. Marble.Height: 16-1/8". Archaeological Museum, Istanbul, Turkey. [Fig. 2.36]
  • Map: Alexander’s empire as of his death in 323 BCE and the route of his conquests.323 BCE.[Fig. Map 2.3]
  • Roman copy after Lysippus. Apoxyomenos (The Scraper), Roman copy of an original Greek bronze of ca. 350–325 BCE.ca. 350–325 BCE. Marble after bronze original. Height: 6' 8".Museo Pio Clementino, Vatican Museums, Vatican State. [Fig. 2.37]
  • Roman copy after Praxiteles. Aphrodite of Knidos.ca. 350 BCE. Marble. Height: 6' 8".P. Zigrossi/Vatican Museums, Vatican State. [Fig. 2.38]
  • Hellenistic. Reconstructed west front of the Altar of Zeus, from Pergamon.ca. 165 BCE. Marble.Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Antikensammlung, Pergamonmuseum. [Fig. 2.39]
  • Hellenistic. East frieze of the Altar of Zeus, from Pergamon. Detail.ca. 165 BCE. Marble.Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Antikensammlung, Pergamonmuseum. [Fig. 2.40]
  • Hellenistic. Nike (Victory) of Samothrace. From the Sanctuary of the Great Gods, Samothrace.ca. 300-190 BCE. Marble. Height: 8' 1".Musée du Louvre, Paris. [Fig. 2.41]
  • Hagesandros, Polydoros, and Athanadoros of Rhodes. Laocoön and His Sons.Second-first century BCE, or first century CE. Marble. Height: 8' 1/2".Museo Pio Clementino, Vatican Museums, Vatican State. [Fig. 2.42]
  • Transcript of "Humanties 100: Chapter 2"

    1. 1. Greek. The Acropolis, Athens, Greece, as rebuilt post 479 BCE. 2nd half fifth century BCE. [Fig. 2.1]
    2. 2. Greek. The Stoa of Attalos, Athens, Greece. 150 BCE. [Fig. 2.2]
    3. 3. Map: The City-states of Ancient Greece. [Fig. Map 2.1]
    4. 4. Cycladic. Figurine of a woman from the Cyclades. ca. 2500 BCE. Marble. Height: 15-3/4". Nicholas P. Goulandris Foundation. Museum of Cycladic Arts, Athens. N. P. Goulandris Collection, No. 206. [Fig. 2.3]
    5. 5. Minoan. Miniature Ship Fresco, left section. Room 5, West House, Akrotiri, Thera. Before 1623 BCE. Fresco. Height: 15-3/4". National Archaeological Museum, Athens. [Fig. 2.4]
    6. 6. Minoan. Bull Leaping (Toreador Fresco). From the palace complex at Knossos, Crete. ca. 1450–1375 BCE. Fresco. Height approx. 24-1/2". National Archaeological Museum, Iráklion, Crete. [Fig. 2.5]
    7. 7. Minoan. Snake Goddess or Priestess. From the palace at Knossos, Crete. ca. 1500 BCE. Faience. Height 11-5/8". National Archaeological Museum, Iráklion, Crete. [Fig. 2.6]
    8. 8. Minoan. Reconstruction drawing of the new palace complex at Knossos, Crete (color drawing). ca. 1500 BCE. [Fig. 2.7]
    9. 9. Minoan. Grand Staircase, east wing, palace complex at Knossos, Crete, as reconstructed by Sir Arthur Evans. ca. 1500 BCE. [Fig. 2.8]
    10. 10. Minoan. Vaphio Cup, from a tomb at Vaphio, south of Sparta, Greece. ca. 1650–1450 BCE. Gold repoussé. Height 3-1/2". National Archaeological Museum, Iráklion, Crete. [Fig. 2.9]
    11. 11. Mycenaean. Lion Gate, Mycenae, Greece. ca. 1300 BCE. Limestone relief. Height of relief panel: 9' 6". [Fig. 2.10]
    12. 12. Mycenaean. Funerary mask (Mask of Agamemnon). From Grave Circle A, Mycenae, Greece. ca. 1600–1550 BCE. Gold repoussé. Height: approx. 12". National Archaeological Museum, Athens. [Fig. 2.11]
    13. 13. Greek. Botkin Class Amphora, Greek. Black-figure decoration. ca. 540-530 BCE. Black-figure ceramic. Height: 11-9/16" Diameter: 9-1/2". Museum of Fine Arts, Boston: Henry Lillie Pierce Fund 98.923. Photograph © 2008 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. [Fig. 2.12]
    14. 14. Greek. The Temple of Hera I, ca. 560 BCE (background), and The Temple of Hera II, ca. 460 BC. (foreground), Paestum, Italy. [Fig. 2.13]
    15. 15. Greek. The Athenian Treasury, Delphi. ca. 510 BCE. [Fig. 2.14a]
    16. 16. Greek. Plan: the Athenian Treasury, Delphi. ca. 510 BCE. [Fig. 2.14b]
    17. 17. Greek. Model of a Temple, found in the Sanctuary of Hera, Argos. Mid-eighth century BCE. [Fig. 2.15]
    18. 18. Euphiletos Painter. A foot-race at the Panathenaic Games in Athens. Detail of black-figure Amphora by Euphiletos Painter. ca. 530 BCE. Black-figure ceramic. Height: 24-1/2". The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Rogers Fund, 1914 (14.130.12). Image copyright © The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Art Resource, NY. [Fig. 2.16]
    19. 19. Greek. Temple of Hera I, Paestum, Italy, plan. ca. 540 BCE. [Fig. 2-CL.1b]
    20. 20. Greek. Doric columns at the Temple of Hera I, Paestum, Italy. ca. 540 BCE. [Fig. 2-CL.1a]
    21. 21. Greek. Naxian sphinx on an Ionic column, Delphi. ca. 560 BCE. Height of sphinx: 91". Archaeological Museum, Delphi. [Fig. 2-CL.2]
    22. 22. Greek. Corinthian capital from the Tholos, Epidaurus. Fourth century BCE. Height: 26". Archaeological Museum, Epidaurus. [Fig. 2-CL.3]
    23. 23. Greek. Diagram of the Orders, from James Stuart, The Antiquities of Athens, London. 1794. [Fig. 2-CL.4]
    24. 24. Greek. New York Kuoros. ca. 600 BCE. Marble. Height: 6' 4". The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Fletcher Fund, 1932 (32.11.1). Image copyright © The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Art Resource, NY. [Fig. 2.17]
    25. 25. Greek. Anavysos Kouros, from Anavysos cemetery, near Athens. ca. 525 BE. Marble with remnants of paint. Height: 6' 4". National Archaeological Museum, Athens. [Fig. 2.18]
    26. 26. Greek. Peplos Kore from the Acropolis, Athens. Dedicated 530 BCE. Polychromed marble. Height: 47-1/2” Acropolis Museum, Athens. [Fig. 2.19a]
    27. 27. Greek. Peplos Kore from the Acropolis, Athens, plaster cast reconstructing the original. Dedicated 530 BCE. Plaster cast. Height: 47-1/2” Museum of Classical Archaeology, Cambridge, England. [Fig. 2.19b]
    28. 28. Greek. Kore, from the Acropolis, Athens. ca. 520 BCE. Polychromed marble. Height: 21". Acropolis Museum, Athens. [Fig. 2.20]
    29. 29. The Priam Painter. Women at a Fountain House. Black-figure decoration on a hydria vase. ca. 520 BCE. Black-figure ceramic. Height: 20-7/8". Courtesy Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Reproduced with permission. © 2005 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. All rights reserved. [Fig. 2.21]
    30. 30. Euphronius (painter) and Euxitheos (potter). Death of Sarpedon. Red-figure decoration on a calyx krater. ca. 515 BCE. Red-figure ceramic. Height: 18". Museum of Villa Giulia, Rome. [Fig. 2.22]
    31. 31. Greek. Map: Athens as it appeared in the late fifth century BCE. [Fig. Map 2.2]
    32. 32. Ictinus and Callicrates. The Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens. 447–438 BCE, Sculpture program by 432 BCE. 221' x 101' (top step). [Fig. 2.23]
    33. 33. Ictinus and Callicrates. The Parthenon: the plan of the temple, Acropolis, Athens. 447–438 BCE. 228' x 101' (top step). [Fig. 2.23b]
    34. 34. Temple of Athena Nike, Acropolis, Athens. ca. 425 BCE. [Fig. 2.24]
    35. 35. Erechtheion, Acropolis, Athens. 430s–405 BCE. [Fig. 2.25]
    36. 36. Greek. Kritios Boy, from Acropolis, Athens. ca. 480 BCE. 480 BCE. Marble. Height: 46". Acropolis Museum, Athens. [Fig. 2.26]
    37. 37. Polyclitus. Doryphoros (Spear Bearer), Roman copy after the original bronze by Polyclitus. ca. 450–440 BCE. Marble. Height: 6' 6". Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples. [Fig. 2.27]
    38. 38. Phidias. Model of the Athena Parthenos, original ca. 440 BCE. ca. 440 BCE. Height of original: approx. 40'. Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto. [Fig. 2.28]
    39. 39. Ictinus and Callicrates. The Parthenon: Cutaway drawing of the Parthenon porch showing friezes, metopes, and pediment. (color drawing). 447–438 BCE. 228' x 101' (top step). [Fig. 2.29]
    40. 40. Young Men on Horseback, segment of the north frieze, Parthenon. ca. 440 BCE. Marble. Height: 41". © The Trustees of The British Museum/Art Resource, NY. [Fig. 2.30]
    41. 41. A recumbent god (Dionysus or Heracles), from the east pediment of the Parthenon. ca. 435 BCE. Marble. © The Trustees of The British Museum/Art Resource, NY. [Fig. 2.31]
    42. 42. Lapith overcoming a centaur, south metope 27, from the Parthenon, Athens. 447–438 BCE. © The Trustees of The British Museum/Art Resource, NY. [Fig. 2.32]
    43. 43. Assteas. Red-figure krater depicting a comedy, from Paestum, Italy. ca. 350 BCE. Red-figure ceramic. Staatliche Museen, Berlin. [Fig. 2.33]
    44. 44. Theater, Epidaurus. Early third century BCE. [Fig. 2.34]
    45. 45. Plan: Theater at Epidaurus (line drawing). Early third century BCE. [Fig. 2.35]
    46. 46. Alexander the Great, head from a Pergamene copy (ca. 200 BCE) of a statue, possibly after a fourth-century BCE original by Lysippus. Marble. Height: 16-1/8". Archaeological Museum, Istanbul, Turkey. [Fig. 2.36]
    47. 47. Map: Alexander’s empire as of his death in 323 BCE and the route of his conquests. 323 BCE. [Fig. Map 2.3]
    48. 48. Roman copy after Lysippus. Apoxyomenos (The Scraper), Roman copy of an original Greek bronze of ca. 350–325 BCE. ca. 350–325 BCE. Marble after bronze original. Height: 6' 8". Museo Pio Clementino, Vatican Museums, Vatican State. [Fig. 2.37]
    49. 49. Roman copy after Praxiteles. Aphrodite of Knidos. ca. 350 BCE. Marble. Height: 6' 8". P. Zigrossi/Vatican Museums, Vatican State. [Fig. 2.38]
    50. 50. Hellenistic. Reconstructed west front of the Altar of Zeus, from Pergamon. ca. 165 BCE. Marble. Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Antikensammlung, Pergamonmuseum. [Fig. 2.39]
    51. 51. Hellenistic. East frieze of the Altar of Zeus, from Pergamon. Detail. ca. 165 BCE. Marble. Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Antikensammlung, Pergamonmuseum. [Fig. 2.40]
    52. 52. Hellenistic. Nike (Victory) of Samothrace. From the Sanctuary of the Great Gods, Samothrace. ca. 300-190 BCE. Marble. Height: 8' 1". Musée du Louvre, Paris. [Fig. 2.41]
    53. 53. Hagesandros, Polydoros, and Athanadoros of Rhodes. Laocoön and His Sons. Second-first century BCE, or first century CE. Marble. Height: 8' 1/2". Museo Pio Clementino, Vatican Museums, Vatican State. [Fig. 2.42]
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