Chapter3: Moral Objectivism
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Chapter3: Moral Objectivism

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    Chapter3: Moral Objectivism Chapter3: Moral Objectivism Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter Three The Case For Moral Objectivism
      • The theory that moral principles have objective validity.
      • This validity is independent of cultural acceptance.
      • Moral principles are universal, but not
      • necessarily without exception.
    • Moral Objectivism
      • The view that there are universal moral principles, valid for all people and all situations and times.
    • Two Cases for Moral Objectivism
      • One explanation appeals to Divine
      • Law and Human Sin.
      • Another explanation is Natural Law
      • which holds that morality is a
      • function of human nature and the
      • moral principles can be found in
      • looking at humanity and society.
    • Moral Absolutism
      • The notion that there is only one morally correct answer to every moral problem.
      • There are moral principles that a
      • person ought never violate.
      • Moral norms are exceptionless.
    • Natural Law
      • First appeared among the Stoics
      • in first century BCE
      • Stoics believed that humans had
      • a divine spark – logos spermatikos
      • The universe is governed by rational
      • laws which all creation obeys
      • Humans, however, have power of
      • choice
    • Natural Law
      • Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)
      • Combined cosmic law with Aristotle’s
      • concept that humans, like every
      • natural object, have a specific
      • purpose and function.
      • Believed that the reasoning process
      • has the purpose to discover these
      • natural laws
    • Doctrine of Double Effect
      • Four Conditions for an act to be permissible:
        • The nature of the act condition
        • The means-end condition
        • The right-intention condition
        • The proportionality condition
    • Core Morality
      • Ten principles that are considered necessary for the good life within
      • a flourishing human community
      • They are not arbitrary and constitute
      • the elements of a successful society
      • necessary for social cohesion and
      • personal well being.
    • Examples of Core Morality
      • Do not kill innocent people.
      • Do not lie or deceive.
      • Do not steal or cheat.
      • Keep your promises and honor your
      • contracts.
    • Principle of Humanity
      • Although there are many differences
      • between human beings and
      • cultures, our basic nature is the
      • same.
      • We are all vulnerable to disease,
      • despair, and death.
      • We have more in common than we
      • have in differences.
    • Ethical Situationalism
      • Objective moral principles are to be
      • applied differently in different
      • contexts.
      • Different from ethical relativism which denies universal ethical principles altogether.