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Chapter 2: Ethical Relativism

Chapter 2: Ethical Relativism



Intro Ethics: Chapter 2

Intro Ethics: Chapter 2



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    Chapter 2: Ethical Relativism Chapter 2: Ethical Relativism Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter Two Ethical Relativism
      • Ethical Relativism holds that there are no universally valid moral principles, but rather all moral principles are valid relative to culture or individual choice.
    • Moral Skepticism
      • The view that there are no valid moral principles at all
      • At least we cannot know whether there are any or not
    • Moral Objectivism
      • The view that there are universal moral principles, valid for all people and all situations and times.
    • Absolutism
      • The notion that there is only one correct answer to every moral problem.
      • A completely absolutist ethic consists of absolute principles that provide an answer for every possible situation in life, regardless of culture.
      • Absolutism is opposed to Ethical Relativism.
    • Ethical Nihilism
      • The doctrine that holds that there are no valid moral principles that exist.
      • Morality is a complete fiction.
    • The Diversity Thesis
      • Anthropological theory that states that moral rules differ from society to society.
      • It is associated with cultural relativism.
    • Dependency Thesis
      • Individual acts are right or wrong depending on the nature of the society in which the occur.
      • Morality does not exist in a vacuum.
      • Morality must be seen in the context that depends on the wants, goals, beliefs, history, and environment of the society.
    • Subjectivism
      • Also known as Subjective Ethical Relativism
      • Morality depends not on society, but rather on the individual.
      • Morality is like taste or aesthetic judgment.
      • Morality is in the eye of the beholder.
    • Conventionalism
      • This view states that there are no objective moral principles, but that all valid moral principles are justified by virtue of their cultural acceptance.
      • This view recognizes the social nature of morality.
    • Critique of Ethical Relativism
      • Cultural relativism seems to be a fact, but does not establish the truth of ethical relativism.
      • Beliefs, history and environment change in any society over time.
      • If moral principles are weakly dependent, does that make them invalid?
      • Indeterminacy of translation