Intrinsic goods: good because of their nature and are not derived from other goods
Instrumental goods: worthy of desire because they are effective means of attaining our intrinsic goods
The Value of Pleasure Hedonism: The doctrine that holds that all pleasure is good, that pleasure is the only thing good in itself, and that all other goodness is derived from this value. Hedonism comes from the Greek word hedon , which means pleasure.
Sensualism: the view that equates all pleasure with sensual enjoyment
Satisfactionism: the view that equates all
pleasure with satisfaction or enjoyment,
which may not involve sensuality.
Nonhedonists Are divided into two separate groups: 1. Monists: Believe that there is a single intrinsic value, but it is not pleasure. 2. Pluralists: Admit that pleasure is an intrinsic good, but that there are other intrinsic goods as well.
Are Values Objective or Subjective? Objectivist View: Values are worthy of desire whether or not anyone actually desires them. Values exist independently. Subjectivist View: Values are dependent on desirers and are relative to desirers.
John Rawls' “plan of life” conception of happiness:
There is a plurality of life plans open to each person, and what is important is that the plan be an integrated whole, freely chosen by the person and that the person be successful in realizing his or her goals
Happiness is life in which there exists free action (including meaningful work), loving relations, and moral character and in which the individual is not plagued by guilt and anxiety bit is blessed with peace and satisfaction.