Interagency Coordination of Biometrics and Forensic RDT&E


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Description of biometric and forensic science activities of the National Science and Technology Council. Presented at the 2011 DoD Biometrics and Forensics RDT&E Forum.

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Interagency Coordination of Biometrics and Forensic RDT&E

  1. 1. 8/22/2011 Interagency Coordination of  Biometrics and Forensic RDT&E Duane BlackburnAssistant Director, Identity Management and Homeland Security August 22, 2011 1 OSTP Responsibilities• Science and technology for policy – Independent and objective advice for the President and  EOP regarding the S&T aspects of all policy issues• Policy for science and technology – Analysis, recommendations, and coordination (in concert  with other elements of the EOP) on R&D budgets and  related policies  2 1
  2. 2. 8/22/2011 National Science and Technology Council• Established in 1993 via Executive Order 12881• Nominally chaired by the President; Members are  cabinet officials – In practice: led by OSTP Director; members are Deputy or  Under‐Secretaries of Departments and independent agencies• Principal Function:  To coordinate the federal science  and technology (S&T) policy making process – Interagency coordination of high priority S&T topics • Establish clear national goals for federal S&T investments • Coordinate interagency S&T activities 3 National Science and Technology Council COMMITTEE ON ENVIRONMENT, NATURAL RESOURCES, AND SUSTAINABILITY (CENRS) AQRS: Air Quality Research (SC) CSMSC: Critical & Strategic Mineral Supply Chains (SC) [PROPOSED] RCIS: Roundtable on Climate Information & Services (IWG) SDR: Disaster Reduction (SC) SWAQ: Water Availability & Quality (SC) T&R: Toxics & Risk (SC) • Committee on  Science [PROPOSED] IARPC: Interagency USGEO: U.S. Group on Earth Arctic Research Policy SES: Ecological Services (SC) Observations (SC) Committee (IWG) [PROPOSED] ISTS: Integration of SGCR: Global Change Research Science and Technology for (SC) Sustainability (TF) NEO: National Earth SOST: Ocean Science & – Subcommittee on  Observations (TF) Technology (SC) COMMITTEE ON HOMELAND & NATIONAL SECURITY (CHNS) Forensic Science [PROPOSED] SCIST: CDRD: Chemical Defense HS S&T: Homeland Security S&T International Science, Research and Development (SC) Policy (TF) Engineering & Technology (SC) D-IED: Domestic IEDs (SC) SOS-CBRNE Standards (SC) BDRD: Biological Defense • Committee on  ISC: Infrastructure (SC) Research & Development (SC) HFHNS: Human Factors for NDRD: Nuclear Defense Homeland & National Security Research & Development (SC) (SC) DDWG: Digital Data (IWG) COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE (CoS) PASP: Public Access to Scholarly Publications (TF) SBE: Social, Behavioral, and Economic Science (SC) Technology LSSC: Life Science (SC) PSSC: Physical Science (SC) SoSF: Forensic Science (SC) COMMITTEE ON STEM EDUCATION (CoSTEM) – Subcommittee on  Biometrics and  FC-STEM: Federal Coordination FI-STEM: Federal Investment in in STEM Education (TF) STEM Education (FTAC) COMMITTEE ON TECHNOLOGY (CoT) ASTS: Aeronautics Science & Technology (SC) BidM: Biometrics & Identity IAM: Advanced Manufacturing (IWG) NITRD: Networking & Information SG: Smart Grid (SC) SoS: Standards (SC) Identity  Management Management (SC) Technology Research (SC) BTRD: Building Technology NSET: Nanoscale Science TFSD: Smart Disclosure (TF) Research & Development (SC) Engineering & Technology (SC) H2FC: Hydrogen & Fuel Cells P2I: Privacy & Internet Policy (IWG) (SC) 4 2
  3. 3. 8/22/2011 General RDT&E Coordination Approach• Identify and prioritize capability gaps• Assess RDT&E community’s plans and  capabilities• Identify and prioritize RDT&E priorities – These are usually published• Coordinate federal RDT&E activities – Partnering with the private sector 5 EOP Budget Review (RDT&E) Dept/Agency A Department/Agency Budget Request OMB Analysis & Budget Draft Dept/Agency B Budgeting Budget Request… Agency Passback Interagency Policy EOP Review (NSTC) OMB instructions OMB Analysis & Budget Limitations OMB Analysis & Budgeting Budgeting Action President’s Budget Influence Request 3
  4. 4. 8/22/2011 Introduction to BIdM SC Membership Working Groups • Department of Commerce • Research, Development, Testing &  • Department of Defense Evaluation  • Department of Health and  Human Services • Standards • Department of Homeland  • Privacy and Civil Liberties Security • Outreach and Communication • Department of Justice • Department of State • Interoperability (transitioned to  • Department of Transportation NSS) • Department of Treasury • Executive Office of the  President • General Services Administration • Intelligence Community • National Science Foundation • Social Security Administration NSTC Subcommittee on Biometrics and IdM Phase I Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 3 2002-2003 2003-2006 2006-2009 2009-PresentGoals: Goals: Goals: Goals:• Research needs, • Advance technology, • USG-wide biometric • Transition operational capabilities, and privacy & system of systems identity activities plans communications • Mature/stable • Reassess needs,• Grow USG biometrics • Implement biometric biometrics community capabilities and plans expertise systems for next generation • Expansion to IdM activities• Build relationships • Build relationships Deliverables DeliverablesDeliverables Deliverables • Interoperable • The National• List of topics for • Joint RDT&E topics Systems Biometrics potential • The National • USG-wide plans for Challenge, v2. collaboration Biometrics Challenge standards, RDT&E, • Updated Standards• Initiate joint RDT&E privacy & • Foundational Registry and efforts communications documents foundational • Enhanced documents • Privacy paper & operational websites capabilities • New operational • Long-term IdM systems 8 strategy 4
  5. 5. 8/22/2011 The National Biometrics Challenge• Released in August 2006; • Update planned for 2011• Dual purpose • Outreach mechanism for private sector  RDT&E Community • Federal policy on biometric RDT&E  priorities• Identifies driving forces and  common technical challenges. • Additional prioritization of  challenges into four bins • Highest priority bin: • ~1/3 of challenges • ~4/5 of federal funding Introduction to SoFSMembership Working Groups• Department of Commerce • Research, Development, Testing & • Department of Defense Evaluation • Department of Health and Human  Services • Standards, Practices, and • Department of Homeland Security Protocols • Department of the Interior • Accreditation and Certification• Department of Justice • Education, Ethics, and • Department of Treasury Terminology• Environmental Protection Agency • Outreach and Communication• Office of the Federal Public Defender• National Institutes of Health• National Science Foundation• National Transportation Safety Board• United States Postal Service 5
  6. 6. 8/22/2011 SoFS RDT&E Activities• Conducting discipline‐specific literature reviews to  support gap analyses – What are the foundational principles which support the  scientific basis of each discipline? – What research exists which can be specifically mapped  back to those principles?• NSF Cognitive Bias and Forensic Science Workshop  sponsored by NSF – Sept. 23‐24, 2010 – orkshops/cognitivebias State & Local Membership on Interagency  Working Groups Overall Totals Prosecutor 5 Defense 5 Police 4 Judiciary 2 Lab 17 Medical 6 Academic 10 RDT&E IWG TOTAL 49 OC IWG AC IWG EET IWG SPP IWG 6
  7. 7. 8/22/2011 Summary• Biometrics and forensics are important areas whose  RDT&E activities are being coordinated via the NSTC• Relationship between DoD and NSTC activities are  intertwined – DoD needs are an important input into the NSTC process – NSTC policies impact and support DoD budgets and plans• More information: – Biometrics: – Forensic Science: 13 7