BCC 2005 - NSTC

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This presentation describes coordination of federal biometric activities, and was given at the 2005 Biometric Consortium Conference.

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BCC 2005 - NSTC

  1. 1. National Science & Technology Council Subcommittee on Biometrics Biometrics in the USG Duane Blackburn NSTC Agency Representative Executive Office of the President www.ostp.gov www.biometricscatalog.org/NSTCSubcommittee/ National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  2. 2. Office of Science & Technology Policy • Advise the President & EOP – Provide S&T analysis and judgment on major policies, plans, programs, & budgets • Lead the interagency effort – Define (with OMB) R&D priorities to guide the agencies when developing their budgets – Work with agencies on high-level S&T policy issues • Work with the private sector – Ensure Federal S&T investments contribute to economic prosperity, environmental quality, and national security. • Collaborate on international S&T issues National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  3. 3. National Strategy for Homeland Security (July 2002) Priority objectives 1. Prevent terrorist attacks within the U.S. 2. Reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism 3. Minimize damage and recover from attacks Science & Technology initiatives (11) 3. Apply biometric technology to identification devices National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  4. 4. Science and Technology: A Foundation for Homeland Security (April 2005) “Strategies for finding terrorists can be complicated by their efforts to disguise themselves among innocent civilians. As a counter to this, the implementation of biometric technologies … shows great promise in improving the accuracy, consistency, and efficiency of identification devices” National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  5. 5. FY07 Administration R&D Priorities agencies should place increased emphasis on R&D efforts that support…enhanced biometric systems…” National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  6. 6. USG Biometric Uses • Identifying criminals and terrorists • Background checks • Border Security • Facilitating travel and trade • Promoting officer and school safety • Protecting government assets • Identity management National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  7. 7. Sensor Takes an Observation Mathematically Describe the Observation Compare to Other Observations National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  8. 8. Determine Appropriate Modality 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Sensor Takes Standards an Observation Door # 1 Door # 2 Door # 3 Test and Evaluation CONTRACTS Contracting Disputes Research and Development Contracting Process Determine Appropriate Modality Contracting Disputes 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Research and Development CONTRACTS Standards Door # 1 Door # 2 Door # 3 Contracting Process Future Biometric Technology, Operational & Scenario Future Biometric Capabilities Capabilities Test and Evaluation National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  9. 9. Determine Appropriate Modality 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Sensor Takes Standards an Observation Technology, Operational & Scenario Door # 1 Door # 2 Door # 3 CONTRACTS Contracting Process Contracting Disputes Verification ROC Research and Development Future Biometric Capabilities Test and Evaluation National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  10. 10. Determine Appropriate Modality 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Sensor Takes Standards an Observation Technology, Operational & Scenario Door # 1 Door # 2 Door # 3 Verification ROC CONTRACTS Contracting Process Contracting Disputes Watchlist ROC Research and Development Future Biometric Capabilities Test and Evaluation National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  11. 11. Determine Appropriate Modality 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Sensor Takes Standards an Observation Technology, Operational & Scenario Door # 1 Door # 2 Door # 3 Verification Watchlist ROC ROC CONTRACTS Contracting Process Contracting Disputes Identification CMC Research and Development Future Biometric Capabilities Test and Evaluation National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  12. 12. Determine Appropriate Modality 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Sensor Takes Standards an Observation Technology, Operational & Scenario Door # 1 Door # 2 Door # 3 Verification Watchlist Identification ROC ROC CMC CONTRACTS Contracting Process Contracting Disputes Non-Habituated Users Research and Development Future Biometric Capabilities Test and Evaluation National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  13. 13. Determine Appropriate Modality 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Sensor Takes Standards an Observation Technology, Operational & Scenario Door # 1 Door # 2 Door # 3 Verification Watchlist Identification ROC ROC CMC CONTRACTS Contracting Process Failure to Acquire Non-Habituated Users Contracting Disputes Research and Development Future Biometric Capabilities Test and Evaluation National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  14. 14. Determine Appropriate Modality 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Sensor Takes Standards an Observation Technology, Operational & Scenario Door # 1 Door # 2 Door # 3 Verification Watchlist Identification ROC ROC CMC CONTRACTS Contracting Process Non-Habituated Users Contracting Disputes Research and Development Failure to Acquire Future Biometric Capabilities Data Hygiene – Clean Enough? Test and Evaluation National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  15. 15. Determine Appropriate Modality 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Sensor Takes Standards an Observation Technology, Operational & Scenario Door # 1 Door # 2 Door # 3 Verification Watchlist Identification ROC ROC CMC CONTRACTS Contracting Process Non-Habituated Users Contracting Store Original Observation as Disputes Encrypted, Compressed? Research and Development Failure to Acquire 011101 111001 001100 Future Biometric Capabilities Test and Data Hygiene – Clean Enough? Evaluation National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  16. 16. Determine Appropriate Modality 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Sensor Takes Standards an Observation Technology, Operational & Scenario Door # 1 Door # 2 Door # 3 Verification Watchlist Identification ROC ROC CMC CONTRACTS Contracting Process Non-Habituated Users Contracting Disputes Research and Development Failure to Acquire Future Biometric 011101 Store Original 111001 Capabilities Observation as 001100 Encrypted, Compressed? Test and Data Hygiene – Clean Enough? Evaluation National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  17. 17. Determine Appropriate Modality 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Sensor Takes Standards an Observation Technology, Operational & Scenario Door # 1 Door # 2 Door # 3 Verification Watchlist Identification ROC ROC CMC CONTRACTS Contracting Process Non-Habituated Users Contracting Disputes Research and Development Failure to Acquire Future Biometric 011101 Store Original 111001 Capabilities Observation as 001100 Encrypted, Compressed? Test and Data Hygiene – Clean Enough? Evaluation National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  18. 18. Sensor Takes an Observation Mathematically Describe the Observation Compare to Other Observations National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  19. 19. Signature Signature Encrypt Encrypt Transmission Transmission Transmit Transmit Transmit Mathematically Nasty Equations Describe the Observation De-Crypt De-Crypt Nasty Equations National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  20. 20. Sensor Takes an Observation Mathematically Describe the Observation Compare to Other Observations National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  21. 21. Transmit to Operator Similarity Score   Operator Checks & Database  One Database Makes Decision Partitioning Comparison PartitioningNational Database or Agency Database Many Many Who Has Comparison Procedures Access? One for Removing Procedures for Fixing Someone Incorrect Data from Transmit Procedures for Fixing Database(s) Who to OperatorSocial / Legal / Privacy National Database or Agency Database Has Access? Incorrect Data ProceduresRecords for Operator Checks & Makes Decision Retention Laws Removing Someone Similarity Score from Database(s) Budget Unreasonable Deadlines Unreasonable The Press Social / Legal / Privacy Limitations Deadlines Records U.S. Citizens International Retention Laws Congress & GAO  Relations Rumor,  Advocacy Groups Misconceptions, International and Strings of Advocacy Groups The Press Relations Budget SubstanceCongress & GAOLimitations U.S. Citizens Compare to Other Observations National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  22. 22. Transmit to Operator Similarity Determine Appropriate Modality Score  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12  Sensor TakesChecks & Standards Operator Makes Decision Signature Database Encrypt  Partitioning an Observation Comparison National Database or Technology, Operational & Scenario Agency Door # 1 Door # 2 Door # 3 Database Many Verification Watchlist Identification ROC ROC ROC Transmission Procedures One for Removing CONTRACTS Someone Procedures for Fixing from Contracting Process Transmit Who Has Incorrect Data Database(s) Access? Non-Habituated Users Social / Legal / Privacy Store Original Observation as Records Encrypted, Compressed? Mathematically Retention Laws Describe the Observation The Press 011101 Research and Development 111001 Failure to Acquire 001100 De-Crypt Unreasonable Congress & GAO Deadlines Advocacy Groups Future Biometric Capabilities Test and Rumor, Compare to Other Evaluation Misconceptions, and Strings of Observations Substance Budget National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) Data Hygiene – Clean Enough? Limitations
  23. 23. National Science & Technology Council Subcommittee on Biometrics Subcommittee Overview Duane Blackburn NSTC Agency Representative Executive Office of the President www.ostp.gov www.biometricscatalog.org/NSTCSubcommittee/ National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  24. 24. Current NSTC Structure NSTC April 2005 Director, OSTP Committee on Committee on Committee on Committee on Environment & Science Technology Homeland and Natural Resources National Security WH: Kathie Olsen NSF: Arden Bement WH: Richard Russell WH: Kathie Olsen WH: Shana Dale NIH: Elias Zerhouni DOC: Phillip Bond DOC: Conrad Lautenbacher DOD: Michael Wynne EPA: TBD Research Business Models Networking & Information DHS: Charles McQueary Technology Global Change Research Education & Workforce Dev. National Security R&D Nanoscale Science, Air Quality Research Aquaculture Engineering & Human Subjects Research Technology International* Disaster Reduction IWG Physics of the Universe WMD Medical Advanced Technologies Ecosystems Countermeasures IWG Plant Genome For Education & Training Toxics & Risks IWG Dom. Animal Genomics Manufacturing Standards Water Availability & Quality IWG Prion Science Research & Development Foreign Animal Disease IWG Trans-boarder Samples IWG Earth Observations Threats* IWG Multinational Orgs* Infrastructure R&D Investment Criteria** Aeronautics S& T IWG on Dioxin Biotechnology Biometrics Oceans S & T Social, Behavioral & Econ. * in development National Exportand Technology Council (NSTC) ** Informal Science Controls for S&T Health and the Environment
  25. 25. NSTC Subcommittee on Biometrics • Chartered in Spring 2003 • Issues to address – Information Sharing – Coordination of Research Agendas – Gap Analysis – Funding – Standards – Coordination with Private Sector – International Cooperation – Privacy Policy National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  26. 26. Subcommittee on Biometrics Participants • OSTP* • DOJ • DOD – BOP – BMO • DHS* – FBI – ONR – CIS – CBP – JMD – NIJ • DOT – OCR – Privacy Office – US – FAA – S&T Attorneys – Maritime – TSA Administration – USCG – NHTSA • NSF – USSS – OGC • Treasury (IRS) • DOC (NIST) • Intel Community – CIA • TSWG • DOS – ITIC – NSA • GPO • OMB * Co-chairs National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  27. 27. Functions • Enhances collaboration among Federal agencies on Biometrics activities • U.S. Government’s focal point and clearinghouse for information on biometrics research, technologies, and technical/policy issues • Supports the coordinated participation of U.S. Government agencies in international working groups on biometric technologies National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  28. 28. Coordination Areas Research and Development Research and Test Infrastructure • Fingerprint Recognition • Test and Evaluation • Face Recognition • Iris Recognition • Other/Novel • Fusion System Considerations Program Management Tools • Human-System Interface • Social/Legal/Privacy • Middleware • Communications • Decision Support Tools • Standards • Solicitations National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  29. 29. National Science & Technology Council Interagency Working Group on Biometrics Communications ICP Duane Blackburn NSTC Agency Representative Executive Office of the President www.biometricscatalog.org/NSTCSubcommittee/ National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  30. 30. “It ain't what you don't know that gets you into trouble. It's what you know for sure that just ain't so. - Mark Twain National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  31. 31. “The government needs a dose of reality because its trust in the [biometric] system is unfounded and doesn't match up with experience.” "...the Registered Traveler “…biometric features…are program, and the ‘rarely used' to screen or biometric ID cards issued verify the identity of a to those who enroll, could foreign visitor, allowing in the future determine imposters to use them with how someone makes a little risk of detection.” purchase on credit, enters an office building or arena, turns on a cell phone or “We're a long way boards a train." from [biometrics] becoming a reality.” “… the whole reliability of biometrics is up in the air.” “RFID tags … would allow the government to track the movement of our cards and us…we may have no idea the scan is even occurring…” National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  32. 32. National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  33. 33. “Promoting a scientifically educated and aware public is necessary if we are to make the appropriate decisions about the nation’s R&D investments, guide the adoption and debate the societal implications of new science and technologies, and reap the maximum benefits from our investments. The quality of these efforts underpins the entire US scientific enterprise.” Science for the 21st Century Executive Office of the President of the United States National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  34. 34. Communications ICP • Goals – Consistent message and use of terms from the US Government – Scientifically educated and aware public, press, and US Government • Approach – Phase I: Foundation Documents – Phase II: Outreach & Education National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  35. 35. Phase I Approach • Develop Foundation Documents – Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) – Glossary of Terms – Introductory Level Papers – Social/Legal/Privacy Document – Other US Government Public Reports • Obtain NSTC Release • Implement Foundation Documents – Building Blocks for ICP Outreach Material – Available as Public Reference – Baseline for US Government Biometrics Documents National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)
  36. 36. Phase II Approach • Short Courses & Educational Presentations Uses NSTC approved foundation documents to develop focused material, such as “courses” for defined target audiences • Engage in Outreach Activities − Employees new to the area − Outreach Staff − External National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)

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