BCC 2005 - Justice Biometrics Cooperative
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BCC 2005 - Justice Biometrics Cooperative

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This presentation describes coordination of Department of Justice biometric activities, and was given at the 2005 Biometric Consortium Conference.

This presentation describes coordination of Department of Justice biometric activities, and was given at the 2005 Biometric Consortium Conference.

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BCC 2005 - Justice Biometrics Cooperative Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Justice Needs for Biometrics Duane Blackburn FBI Duane.Blackburn@ic.fbi.gov September 2005
  • 2. Justice & Biometrics: One Opinion Now Back to Reality…
  • 3. Justice Biometrics Cooperative • Established by the U.S. Deputy Attorney General • Mission JBC – Foster collaboration within DOJ on biometric issues and activities – Function as a focal point and clearinghouse for information on biometric research, technologies, and applications – Support participation of DOJ components in interagency and international working groups on biometric technologies
  • 4. Annual Status Report www.biometricscatalog.org/JBC/Annual_Status_Report_05.pdf
  • 5. Activities Discussed at BCC 2005
  • 6. Biometrics Catalog www.biometricscatalog.org • U.S. Government sponsored information sharing resource about biometric technologies • Increased in size and scope due to the efforts of JBC members Catalog resources include: Government Documents - Legislative Reports - Federal Solicitations – Newsroom - Conference Presentations - Research Reports - Evaluation Reports - Commercial Products and Consultants
  • 7. DOJ Needs & Requirements Development • Faster capture of forensics-quality, rolled-equivalent finger prints and palm prints FY04 • Identity fixing/baselining of individuals such as: - Identify management across law enforcement, courts, and corrections - Common ID card for DOJ employees and contractors and extension of that common ID card to State and local criminal justice employees • Identification from video surveillance • Tracking of evidence through a chain of custody • Logical and/or physical access control • Real-time and/or post-event identification from audio surveillance
  • 8. Justice Needs for Biometrics Note: These needs are the perspective of the speaker and not official needs statements of the Department of Justice or it’s component agencies.
  • 9. Justice Needs for Biometrics Prevention • Surveillance of school courtyards for unauthorized individuals • Background checks • Coordination with US-VISIT, State, and DoD
  • 10. Justice Needs for Biometrics Crime is committed • Surveillance tapes • Latent prints • Internet (missing children)
  • 11. Justice Needs for Biometrics Prosecution • Evidence must be usable - Daubert - Chain of custody • Explainable to juries • Sentencing – prior criminal? ?
  • 12. Justice Needs for Biometrics Incarceration • Fixed Identity – Same person in and out? – Distribution of medication – Prisoner privileges • Visitor Control/Watchlist Database Database
  • 13. Justice Needs for Biometrics Officer Safety • Traffic stops (ID people before approaching car) • Smart guns
  • 14. Justice Needs for Biometrics General Needs • Access control • Who is watching me • Social/legal/privacy
  • 15. Justice Needs for Biometrics LEA-ready • Affordable • Easy to use • Rugged • No stovepipe solutions
  • 16. NIJ Solicitation Hints • <$500k • Identify specific criminal justice need • Use existing research databases & statistic packages when appropriate (BEE) • If new data is collected, share it with other researchers •Participate in USG “challenge problems” and evaluations • 6.3 development; not 6.1, not equipment buys • Meet identified R&D needs