MBTI 2013

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MBTI 2013

  1. 1. Understanding Yourself and Others Derek Bergeron, Ph.D.Derek Bergeron, Ph.D. Psychologist IIIPsychologist III CVM Satellite OfficeCVM Satellite Office Student Counseling ServiceStudent Counseling Service Room 060 – CVM TunnelRoom 060 – CVM Tunnel Texas A&M UniversityTexas A&M University 979-845-0806979-845-0806 D-Bergeron@scs.tamu.eduD-Bergeron@scs.tamu.edu
  2. 2. 4 scales with two dimensions: Extraversion-Introversion Sensing-Intuition Thinking-Feeling Judging- Perceiving 16 total “types” The MBTI is dichotomous (i.e. which one of these two dimensions is the best fit) The MBTI looks at preferences; a preference means that there is a tendency to favor one dimension over the other; the MBTI assumes that there WILL be a preference
  3. 3. No combination of preferences or type is “better or worse” than the other Each type represents a valuable and reasonable way to be – each with it’s own potential strengths as well as likely blind spots Increased self awareness can help balance our strengths and weaknesses, allowing us to be more comfortable in a variety of settings
  4. 4. Energized by being with others Center of attention Experience the world Think out loud Easier to “read” Breadth Talker Enthusiastic, fast paced 75% of population Energized by being alone Avoid attention Understand world Think quietly Private Depth Listeners Enthusiasm is kept to self, contemplative 25% of population
  5. 5. Extraverts  Slow down; LISTEN  Ask people if they are busy before talking  If someone is silent, ask what they think  Remember some people need time alone  Monitor yourself for redudancy  Demonstrate active listening  Don’t assume pauses are an invitation Introverts  Make an effort to verbalize  Don’t forget to socialize  Remember that extroverts often need to talk  Ask questions- use your listening skills to engage  Be clear when you need space- if possible specify how much time you need  Try and offer thoughts more quickly (prefiltering)  Remember: people can’t read your mind…
  6. 6. Trusts what is certain, concrete Practical application Realist, common sense Specific, literal, detailed Oriented in the present Down to earth 75% of Americans Trusts inspiration and inference New ideas, conceptual Imagination, creativity General, figurative, big picture Oriented toward the future Head in the clouds 25% of Americans
  7. 7. Sensors  Remember that facts aren’t everything  Make an effort to consider factors other than what is concrete  Consider that a problem/practical limitation doesn’t automatically make an idea invalid; perhaps there is a workaround Intuitives  Consider sticking to the issue at hand  Be open to examining and critiquing ideas  Provide concrete examples  Work to develop a plan for your ideas
  8. 8. 50% of Population 65% of Men Distrust feelings, fear of being biased Logical, detached Objective values Justice, clarity Firm-minded Laws, rules 50% of Population 65% of women Feelings are a source of information Empathic, involved Subjective values Harmony, mercy Compassionate Individual situation, open to exceptions to the rule
  9. 9. Feeling  Be direct, don’t avoid confrontation  Provide balanced feedback  Avoid becoming overly emotional during a discussion  Remember that criticism can be constructive, and isn’t always destructive Thinking  Allow emotion to be expressed  Personal factors can be logical to consider  Look for points of agreement  Avoid focusing on only the cons of a situation
  10. 10. Happy when decision is made Work first, play later Predictable, planned environment Prefers rules Planning=less stress Structured Satisfied by completing projects 50% of population Happy when options are open Play first, work later Flexible, changing environment Dislikes rules Planning=more stress Spontaneous Satisfied by starting projects 50% of population
  11. 11. Judgers Take more time Be patient Don’t jump to conclusions Remember: your way isn’t always best Allow some room for flexibility Negotiate on plans; if people are not following your plans, it may in part be because they did not have enough input Perceivers Decide sooner than might be preferable Avoid sharing too many options Negotiate on timelines and deadlines Avoid making changes at the last minute on group efforts Realize that delaying a decision and avoiding plans can be a stressor for others
  12. 12.  A visual overview of the 16 types  Note: the descriptions and examples given are simply illustrative, it is fair to conclude that George Washington never had an opportunity to take the MBTI; the individuals listed with each category are simply individuals that have been identified by others as a likely fit for this personality type
  13. 13. ISTJ ISFJ INFJ INTJ Duty Fulfillers Nurturers Protectors Scientists Organizers, driven Loyalty, service Gentle, inspiring Independent, curious George Washington Mother Theresa Gandhi Sir Isaac Newton ISTP ISFP INFP INTP Mechanics Artists Idealists Thinkers Just do it Action, live and let Making life kinder Idea mills Clint Eastwood Mozart Mr. Rogers Einstein ESTP ESFP ENFP ENTP Doers Performers Inspirers Visionaries Risk taking Free spirits; surprise People are the product Progress is the product George W. Bush Bill Clinton Barack Obama Thomas Edison ESTJ ESFJ ENFJ ENTJ Administrators Caregivers Persuaders Executives Responsible, productive Gracious, trusted Eloquence Vision, enthusiasm Hillary Clinton Sally Struthers Martin Luther King, Jr. Bill Gates
  14. 14.  A satirical take on the 16 types:
  15. 15. ISTJ ISFJ INFJ INTJ Thought Police Tyrant Conspiracy Theorist Criminal Mastermind ISTP ISFP INFP INTP Vigilante Crackpot Hippie Egghead ESTP ESFP ENFP ENTP Conman National Enquirer Headline Drama Queen Mad Scientist ESTJ ESFJ ENFJ ENTJ Bureaucrat Control Freak Cult Leader Evil Overlord
  16. 16. o You likely have a preferred style o Being aware of the strengths & limitations of that style may help you avoid mistakes o You may need to take into account the needs of others so that they can work better with you o Although you may not change who you fundamentally are, you can learn to be more flexible, understanding, and develop a wider range of skills; it is certainly possible to go outside of one’s comfort zone on occasion o Said differently: your preferences might not change drastically, but your comfort level on non-preferred dimensions certainly can be developed
  17. 17. Introvert - 55 Sensation - 84 Thinking - 64 Perceiving - 37 Extravert - 58 Intuition - 29 Feeling - 49 Judging - 76
  18. 18.  ISTJ - 24  ISFJ – 10  INFJ - 2  INTJ - 4  ISTP - 3  ISFP - 3  INFP - 4  INTP - 5  ESTJ - 13  ESFJ - 16  ENFJ - 5  ENTJ - 2  ESTP - 11  ESFP - 4  ENFP - 5  ENTP - 2
  19. 19. Introvert - 57 Sensation - 87 Thinking - 64 Perceiving - 42 Extravert - 77 Intuition - 47 Feeling - 70 Judging - 92
  20. 20. Introvert - 67 Sensation - 95 Thinking - 80 Perceiving - 49 Extravert - 63 Intuition - 35 Feeling - 50 Judging - 82
  21. 21. Introvert - 67 Sensation - 88 Thinking - 68 Perceiving - 49 Extravert - 67 Intuition - 46 Feeling - 66 Judging - 85
  22. 22.  Introvert– 246  Sensation- 354  Thinking- 276  Perceiving- 177  Extravert– 265  Intuition- 157  Feeling- 235  Judging- 334
  23. 23.  ISTJ - 21  ISFJ - 13  INFJ - 4  INTJ - 5  ISTP - 3  ISFP - 4  INFP - 5  INTP - 2  ESTJ - 18  ESFJ - 15  ENFJ - 11  ENTJ - 5  ESTP - 6  ESFP - 7  ENFP - 11  ENTP - 4
  24. 24.  ISTJ - 23  ISFJ - 17  INFJ - 5  INTJ - 2  ISTP - 9  ISFP - 2  INFP - 4  INTP - 5  ESTJ - 21  ESFJ - 5  ENFJ - 3  ENTJ - 5  ESTP - 11  ESFP - 7  ENFP - 7  ENTP - 4
  25. 25.  ISTJ - 19  ISFJ - 17  INFJ - 5  INTJ - 2  ISTP - 10  ISFP - 4  INFP - 7  INTP - 3  ESTJ - 11  ESFJ - 17  ENFJ - 5  ENTJ - 9  ESTP - 9  ESFP - 1  ENFP - 10  ENTP - 5
  26. 26.  ISTJ - 87  ISFJ - 57  INFJ - 16  INTJ - 13  ISTP - 25  ISFP - 13  INFP - 20  INTP - 15  ESTJ - 63  ESFJ - 53  ENFJ - 24  ENTJ - 21  ESTP - 37  ESFP - 19  ENFP - 33  ENTP - 15

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