Oceans 11
Oceans:  inspire and challenge… Hurricane Juan
Oceans provide life:
And take it…
Oceans are fun:
Oceans are calm…
Oceans are un-stoppable <ul><li>http://www.asiantsunamivideos.com/ </li></ul>
<ul><li>Oceanography is the science of understanding the oceans, how they work, how they came into existence, how they aff...
Oceanography <ul><li>Four disciplines </li></ul><ul><li>Biological Oceanography-  studies marine organisms, their interact...
<ul><li>2) Physical Oceanography- </li></ul><ul><li>studies ocean currents, waves, tides and water circulation </li></ul>
<ul><li>3) Chemical Oceanography-  studies sea water chemistry </li></ul>
<ul><li>4) Geological Oceanography-  studies the shape and structure of the ocean basins and how they form and evolve </li...
Undersea earthquakes and other disturbances cause tsunamis, or great waves. The largest recorded tsunami measured 210 feet...
Origin of Ocean <ul><li>-Volcanic venting of volatile substance, including water vapor (out gassing) </li></ul><ul><li>-10...
Ninety percent of all volcanic activity occurs in the oceans
Life originates in the Ocean <ul><li>Earth had very dim light, keeping surface of oceans frozen to 300 m. </li></ul><ul><l...
 
 
Answers:  <ul><li>1) The oceans cover 71 percent of the Earth's surface and contain 97 percent of the Earth's water. Less ...
Hydrothermal Vents — Where it all Begins? Currently many scientists think that life may have begun on Earth in the vicinit...
<ul><li>3) The ocean contains 97 percent of the Earth's water.  </li></ul><ul><li>4)  Ocean:   The vast body of saline wat...
 
<ul><li>6)  Atlantic ,  Pacific ,  Arctic , and  Indian  (although sometimes the Antarctic Ocean or the Southern Ocean is ...
<ul><li>7) Canada has the longest coastline of any country, at 56,453 miles ( 90 823 km) or around 15 percent of the world...
<ul><li>8) Australia 7687000 square km </li></ul><ul><li>(is renowned for it’s poisonous sea creatures!) </li></ul>
Hapalochlaena lunulata   Blue ringed octopus “ Children who have been stung by the sea wasp have died within minutes of be...
<ul><li>9) Although Mount Everest, at 29,028 feet, is often called the tallest mountain on Earth, Mauna Kea, an inactive v...
<ul><li>10)1,370,000,000 cubic km of ocean water </li></ul>1 cubic m 1000m = 1km 1km 1km 1km
<ul><li>11) The highest tides in the world are at the Bay of Fundy, which separates New Brunswick from Nova Scotia. At som...
 
<ul><li>12) At the deepest point in the ocean the pressure is more than 8 tons per square inch, or the equivalent of one p...
<ul><li>13) At 4 degrees Celsius, the temperature of almost all of the deep ocean is only a few degrees above freezing.  <...
<ul><li>14) If mined, all the gold suspended in the world's seawater would give each person on Earth 20kg.  </li></ul>Mr. ...
<ul><li>15) If the ocean's total salt content were dried, it would cover the continents to a depth of 1.5m.  </li></ul>
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01oceans intro

  1. 1. Oceans 11
  2. 2. Oceans: inspire and challenge… Hurricane Juan
  3. 3. Oceans provide life:
  4. 4. And take it…
  5. 5. Oceans are fun:
  6. 6. Oceans are calm…
  7. 7. Oceans are un-stoppable <ul><li>http://www.asiantsunamivideos.com/ </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Oceanography is the science of understanding the oceans, how they work, how they came into existence, how they affect our daily lives, the creatures that live in them, and how they may be impacted by changes caused by human influences </li></ul>
  9. 9. Oceanography <ul><li>Four disciplines </li></ul><ul><li>Biological Oceanography- studies marine organisms, their interactions with environment and the controls on their distribution </li></ul>Copepod (zooplankton)
  10. 10. <ul><li>2) Physical Oceanography- </li></ul><ul><li>studies ocean currents, waves, tides and water circulation </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>3) Chemical Oceanography- studies sea water chemistry </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>4) Geological Oceanography- studies the shape and structure of the ocean basins and how they form and evolve </li></ul>
  13. 13. Undersea earthquakes and other disturbances cause tsunamis, or great waves. The largest recorded tsunami measured 210 feet above sea level when it reached Siberia's Kamchatka Peninsula in 1737.
  14. 14. Origin of Ocean <ul><li>-Volcanic venting of volatile substance, including water vapor (out gassing) </li></ul><ul><li>-10 million years of continuous rainfall. Ice from comets (still going on). </li></ul><ul><li>- Ocean formed by 4 billion years ago, and is still growing (.01 km3 of water/yr.). </li></ul>
  15. 15. Ninety percent of all volcanic activity occurs in the oceans
  16. 16. Life originates in the Ocean <ul><li>Earth had very dim light, keeping surface of oceans frozen to 300 m. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of ocean a protected stable and liquid environment. </li></ul><ul><li>First self-sustaining molecules may have </li></ul><ul><li>formed near hydrothermal vents. </li></ul>
  17. 19. Answers: <ul><li>1) The oceans cover 71 percent of the Earth's surface and contain 97 percent of the Earth's water. Less than 1 percent is fresh water, and 2-3 percent is contained in glaciers and ice caps. </li></ul>
  18. 20. Hydrothermal Vents — Where it all Begins? Currently many scientists think that life may have begun on Earth in the vicinity of deep-oceanic, hydrothermal vents. This type of environment was anticipated by Charles Darwin, some 150 years before, who wrote: 'But if we could conceive in some warm little pond, with all sorts of ammonia and phosphoric salts, light, heat electricity etc, present' <ul><li>2) Life originated in the ocean </li></ul>First discovered in 1977, oases of life that include giant, red-plumed tubeworms live on the Pacific Ocean floor near hydrothermal vents. This is deeper than where sunlight can penetrate to provide the energy needed for photosynthesis. At the base of the food chain are bacteria that nourish themselves through a process of chemosynthesis. Drawing their energy from gases dissolved in warm or hot springs, mainly hydrogen sulfide, they are able to manufacture sugars and starches from carbon dioxide and water.                           Photo courtesy The Stephen Low Company
  19. 21. <ul><li>3) The ocean contains 97 percent of the Earth's water. </li></ul><ul><li>4) Ocean: The vast body of saline water that occupies the depressions of the earth’s surface </li></ul><ul><li>5) Water covers 361 million square kilometers </li></ul>
  20. 23. <ul><li>6) Atlantic , Pacific , Arctic , and Indian (although sometimes the Antarctic Ocean or the Southern Ocean is referred to - it's the ocean south of 50° South latitude, surrounding Antarctica). Pacific is the deepest with an average depth of 2.5 miles, a little over 4 km. </li></ul>
  21. 24. <ul><li>7) Canada has the longest coastline of any country, at 56,453 miles ( 90 823 km) or around 15 percent of the world's 372,384 miles of coastlines </li></ul>
  22. 25. <ul><li>8) Australia 7687000 square km </li></ul><ul><li>(is renowned for it’s poisonous sea creatures!) </li></ul>
  23. 26. Hapalochlaena lunulata Blue ringed octopus “ Children who have been stung by the sea wasp have died within minutes of being stung”. Box Jellyfish “ Sea wasp”
  24. 27. <ul><li>9) Although Mount Everest, at 29,028 feet, is often called the tallest mountain on Earth, Mauna Kea, an inactive volcano on the island of Hawaii, is actually taller. Only 13,796 feet of Mauna Kea stands above sea level, yet it is 33,465 feet tall if measured from the ocean floor to its summit </li></ul>
  25. 28. <ul><li>10)1,370,000,000 cubic km of ocean water </li></ul>1 cubic m 1000m = 1km 1km 1km 1km
  26. 29. <ul><li>11) The highest tides in the world are at the Bay of Fundy, which separates New Brunswick from Nova Scotia. At some times of the year the difference between high and low tide is 53 feet 6 inches, the equivalent of a three-story building </li></ul>
  27. 31. <ul><li>12) At the deepest point in the ocean the pressure is more than 8 tons per square inch, or the equivalent of one person trying to support 50 jumbo jets. </li></ul>The Marianas Trench in the Pacific Ocean is 11,033 meters (36,201 feet) below sea level. If Mount Everest were placed inside of this trench, it would disappear
  28. 32. <ul><li>13) At 4 degrees Celsius, the temperature of almost all of the deep ocean is only a few degrees above freezing. </li></ul>
  29. 33. <ul><li>14) If mined, all the gold suspended in the world's seawater would give each person on Earth 20kg. </li></ul>Mr. T style bling!
  30. 34. <ul><li>15) If the ocean's total salt content were dried, it would cover the continents to a depth of 1.5m. </li></ul>

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