spiritual philosophy social ethic political ideology scholarly traditionCONFUCIANISM
ORIGINS DEVELOPMENT Began in China around sixth to ﬁfth century BCE by Confucius. Has been followed by the people of China for over two millennia.
ORIGINS & DEVELOPMENT A major part of the belief system is its emphasis on learning and as a source of values. Confucius lived in a time of political violence, so the stage was set for a teacher to emerge with a philosophy promoting social and ethical calm and who saw perfection in all people.
EDUCATION Believed everyone could beneﬁt from self-education and worked to open doors of education to everyone. Deﬁned learning as not only the acquisition of knowledge but also the building of character.
FILIAL OBLIGATION A major thrust of Confucius’s teaching was ﬁlial piety or the virtue of devotion to one’s parents. He considered it the foundation of virtue and the root of human character.
TEACHINGS Proper etiquette and social behavior were considered essential to right living A set of ethics is contained in the ANALECTS, a collection of moral and social teachings which amount to a code of human conduct.
JEN: The vision of Love, goodness, and human-heartedness Moral achievement and excellence in character Loyalty to one’s true nature Righteousness Filial Piety ALL THIS = VIRTUE
CONFUCIUS & KARMA Buddhism sees karma as a force in human progress related to good and bad ethics. Confucius saw karma as destiny. A person should choose what to do in a single-minded manner without considering outcomes.
CONFUCIUS & LOYALTY How do you induce people to be loyal? “Approach them with dignity, and they will respect you. Show piety towards your parents and kindness toward your children, and they will be loyal to you. Promote those who are worthy, train those who are incomopetent, that is the best form of encouragement.”
YIN & YANG Complementary forces that make up all aspects of life. Yin is female, earth, dark, passive & absorbing. Yang is male, heaven, light, active & penetrating. The symbol shows the harmony of the two.
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