Postwar Migration Feb 9 2009
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Postwar Migration Feb 9 2009

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Postwar Migration Feb 9 2009 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Australian Studies: Part 2 Post-war Migration
  • 2. Migration ‘Post-War’ why people came to Australia Where they came from Who they were
  • 3. Australian Studies: Part 2 Post-war Migration
    • Destruction of Europe
    • Australia ‘populate or perish’
    • North, Eastern and Southern Europe
    • Later refugees
  • 4. Australian Studies: Migration Why people came to Australia
    • Fighting in World War 2 had destroyed many countries in Europe because of
    • systematic bombing by both sides
    • heavy fighting
    • Many European societies were now
    • Very poor
    • Offered little hope
  • 5. Australian Studies: Migration Why people came to Australia
    • ‘ The Blitz’ – German bombing of English cities
    sustained bombing of Britain by Germany became known as ‘The Blitz’ lasted 9 months: 7 Sept 1940 to 10 May 1941 by end of May 1941 over 43,000 civilians had been killed http://www.bbc.co.uk/ww2peopleswar/stories/00/a6653900.shtml
  • 6. Australian Studies: Migration Why people came to Australia
    • Bomb damage in England
  • 7. Australian Studies: Migration Why people came to Australia
    • London 1940
    • ‘ Blitz’ began with London bombed for 57 consecutive nights
    http://homepage.eircom.net/~finnegam/war/blitz.htm
  • 8. Australian Studies: Migration Why people came to Australia
  • 9. Australian Studies: Migration Why people came to Australia
    • London 1940
    • Over 1 million homes destroyed
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:NA-306-NT-3163V.jpg
  • 10. Australian Studies: Migration Why people came to Australia
    • Bomb damage in Germany
    • Dresden after the ‘firebombing’ by Allied forces
    • Up to 25,000 died within a 14-hour period
    • http://www.rense.com/general19/flame.htm
  • 11. Australian Studies: Migration Post-war – where people came from
  • 12. Australian Studies: Migration Post-war - where people came from
    • United Kingdom, made up of…..
    • Scotland
    • Ireland
    • England
    • Wales
    • Cornwall
  • 13. Australian Studies: Migration Post-war - where people came from
    • Holland
    • Baltic states
    • Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia
    • Southern Europe
    • Yugoslavia
    • Italy
    • Greece
    • Turkey
    www.ezilon.com/map_of_europe.htm Northern & Eastern Europe
  • 14. Australian Studies: Migration Why people came to Australia
    • 1945 and 1965 - more then two million migrants came to Australia
    • 'Populate or perish' became the catchcry
    • intensive international campaign to encourage migration to Australia
    • initially targeted Britons: government paid most of their fare to Australia
  • 15. Australian Studies: Migration The next wave of migration
    • The next major wave of migration started with displaced persons - people fleeing their countries of birth due to war
    • 1947 to 1953, 170,000 ‘displaced persons’ migrated to Australia. Many came from Eastern Europe
  • 16. Australian Studies: Migration Conditions of migration
    • Migrants had to stay in Australia for at least two years and work in whatever jobs the government gave them
    • Thousands worked on the Snowy Mountains Hydroelectric Scheme
    • They lived in camps and newly built towns doing hard and dangerous work.
  • 17. Australian Studies: Migration How many people came?
    • Between 1945 and 1965 more then two million migrants came to Australia
    • All migrants, especially those who did not speak English well, had to put up with prejudice
  • 18. Australian Studies: Migration Which people came to Australia?
    • Minister for Immigration Arthur Caldwell meets Scottish migrants in 1945
  • 19. Australian Studies: Migration People also came in families
  • 20. Australian Studies: Migration Why people came to Australia
    • Refugees
    • After the Vietnam War, many refugees came from Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos
    this photo shows Vietnamese people arriving in 1979
  • 21. Australian Studies: Migration Why people came to Australia
    • Refugees
    • More recently, people fleeing war in Northern Africa have been coming to Australia