Migration Intro

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Migration Intro

  1. 1. Australian Studies: Migration <ul><li>About this presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous Australians </li></ul><ul><li>Sources of migration </li></ul><ul><li>Convicts </li></ul><ul><li>Free settlers </li></ul>
  2. 2. Australian Studies: Migration Where people came from <ul><li>Indigenous people </li></ul><ul><li>Ancestors arrived 40,000 to 50,000 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Probably from Malay archipelago </li></ul><ul><li>Spread across the continent </li></ul><ul><li>Created more than 300 cultures </li></ul>
  3. 3. Australian Studies: Migration Which people came <ul><li>Prisoners </li></ul><ul><li>Free settlers </li></ul><ul><li>Gold seekers </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>Pacific Islanders </li></ul><ul><li>from Europe after World War II </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnamese, Khmer </li></ul><ul><li>Refugees </li></ul><ul><li>Recent arrivals </li></ul>
  4. 4. Australian Studies: Migration Where people came from <ul><li>United Kingdom, made up of….. </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>England </li></ul><ul><li>Wales </li></ul><ul><li>Cornwall </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Europe / Paris </li></ul>
  5. 5. Australian Studies: Migration Where people came from in… <ul><li>… United Kingdom and Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>Northern Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>England </li></ul><ul><li>Wales </li></ul><ul><li>Cornwall </li></ul>
  6. 6. Australian Studies: Migration Why people came to Australia from <ul><li>… United Kingdom and Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Famine </li></ul><ul><li>Harsh laws </li></ul><ul><li>Full gaols </li></ul><ul><li>US war of independence </li></ul><ul><li>Australia recently discovered </li></ul><ul><li>This is a prison ‘hulk’ </li></ul>
  7. 7. Australian Studies: Migration Prison ‘Hulk’ in England
  8. 8. Australian Studies: Migration First settlers were prisoners <ul><li>‘ First Fleet’ contained convicts and guards </li></ul><ul><li>First Fleet arrived in Sydney in 1788 </li></ul><ul><li>Long journey </li></ul><ul><li>Crowded conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Many died on the way </li></ul>
  9. 9. Australian Studies: Migration First fleet arrived in Sydney Cove
  10. 10. <ul><li>some 160 000 convicts were shipped to the Australian colonies </li></ul><ul><li>from early 1790s, free immigrants began coming </li></ul><ul><li>rapid growth of the wool industry in the 1820s created enormous demands for labour </li></ul><ul><li>increase in the migration of free people from the United Kingdom (UK). </li></ul><ul><li>industrialisation in Britain lead to many people emigrating to escape widespread poverty and unemployment </li></ul>Australian Studies: Migration Other settlers followed
  11. 11. Australian Studies: Migration Gold Rush <ul><li>During the Golden Rush from 1851 to 1860, migration peaked at arrivals of around 50 000 people a year </li></ul>
  12. 12. Australian Studies: Migration Gold Rush – Chinese immigrants <ul><li>Chinese immigrants were the largest non-British group during this period </li></ul><ul><li>In 1852 there was 400 Chinese immigrants and three years later there was over 4,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 2,000 of these immigrants are buried here, in Beechworth Cemetery. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Australian Studies: Migration Other waves of migrants <ul><li>1840s: many Irish came to escape famine in their homeland </li></ul><ul><li>1860s to the late 19 th c (century), labourers from Melanesia recruited to work on Queensland plantations </li></ul><ul><li>1860s to the 1920s, concerns about population imbalance, so… </li></ul><ul><li>deliberate efforts to attract women to Australia </li></ul>
  14. 14. Australian Studies: Migration Other waves of migrants <ul><li>second half of the 19 th c, Afghani, Pakistani and Turkish camel handlers worked on construction of telegraph and railway lines, and mining </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese fishers were instrumental in the pearling industry in the late nineteenth century. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Australian Studies: Migration Post-war migration <ul><li>See separate slide show </li></ul>

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