Mental illness[1]


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Mental illness[1]

  1. 1. Mental Illness<br />
  2. 2. Attention Activity/Discussion<br />Raise your hand if you know anyone with a mental disorder.<br />What disorder is it?<br />Discuss people we know with disorders and the commonality of them. <br />10 min<br />
  3. 3. Mental Disorders<br />Mental Disorder: an illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthy, and productive life. <br />Stigma: a mark of shame or disapproval that result in an individual being shunned or rejected by others. <br />Mental Disorders are medical conditions. They require diagnosis and treatment just like any physical illness or injury. <br />
  4. 4. Stigma Worksheet + Discussion<br />10 minutes<br />
  5. 5. Common Mental Disorders<br />Anxiety Disorder: a condition in which real or imagined fears are difficult to control.<br />One of the most common mental health problems among children and teens.<br />13 % of children between ages 9-17 experience anxiety disorders each year.<br />
  6. 6. Types of Anxiety disorders<br />Phobia: a strong, irrational fear of something specific, such as heights or social situations.<br />Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: persistent thoughts, fears, or urges (obsessions) leading to uncontrollable repetitive behaviors (compulsions). For example, the fear of germs leads to constant hand washing. (Video Clip: Howie Mandel- 8 min) <br />Panic Disorder: attacks of sudden, unexplained feelings of terror. “Panic Attacks” are accompanied by trembling, increasing heart rate, shortness of breath, or dizziness.<br />
  7. 7. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): a condition that may develop after exposure to a terrifying event. Symptoms include flashbacks, nightmares, emotional numbness, guilt, sleeplessness, and problems concentrating. <br />Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): exaggerated worry and tension for no reason. People with GAD startle easily and have difficulty concentrating, relaxing, and sleeping. <br />Types of Anxiety disorders<br />
  8. 8. Mood Disorders<br />A mood disorder is an illness that involves mood extremes that interfere with everyday living.<br />Depression: a combination of symptoms that interfere with a person’s ability to work, study, sleep, eat, and enjoy activities that the person once thought were pleasurable. Major depression is when a person has five or more symptoms of depression for at least 2 weeks: <br />Sadness <br />Hopelessness<br />Feeling Worthless<br />Pessimism <br />Thoughts of death or suicide<br />Fatigue and lack of energy<br />Agitation, restlessness, irritability<br />Depression affects 1 in 12 adolescents and 1 in 10 adults in the United States.<br />Depression is NOT just the occasional blues. It is normal to feel some of these things for short periods of time.<br />Bi-polar Disorder: marked by extreme mood changes (between manic and depressive), energy levels, and behavior. Extremely high highs and low lows.<br />
  9. 9. Video on Depression <br />5-10 minutes<br />
  10. 10. Other disorders<br />Schizophrenia: a mental disorder in which a person loses contact with reality. Symptoms Include:<br />Delusions<br />Hallucinations<br />Thought Disorders<br />Hypochondria: an obsession with the idea that you have a serious or life-threatening disease that hasn't been diagnosed yet. This causes significant anxiety that goes on for months or longer, even though there's no clear medical evidence that you have a serious health problem.<br />
  11. 11. Getting Help<br />Probably the best way to know if you might have a mental disorder is if you’re not feeling, thinking, or acting like yourself- or if people close to you notice changes in your behavior.<br />Medication<br />Counseling<br />Support Groups<br />Self-Help and lifestyle changes<br />Talk to Parents or other responsible adults<br />School Counselors<br />Church Leaders<br />Your Doctor<br />