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  • 1. SEMANTIC Group: Andrea Labanda Alexa Riofrìo Dalia Tillaguango Dayra Yanangomez Teacher: Paola Moreno
  • 2. SEMANTI C SENTENCES UTTERANCES DEFINITION TYPES: SIMPLE EXAMPLES COMPOUND EXAMPLES COMPLEX EXAMPLES COMPOUND COMPLEX EXAMPLES  DEFINITION  EXAMPLES  CHARACTERISTICS PROPOSITIONS DEFINITION EXAMPLES 1
  • 3. Largest unit of grammar. Order and arrangement of the clauses in a sentence, express a complete thought. Written or spoken. SUBJECT + FINITE VERB Example: I work in Loja 2
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  • 6. It is called an independent clause. Express a complete thought Examples: - Juan and Arturo play football every afternoon. - Some students like to study in the mornings. 5
  • 7. Two independent clauses joined by a coordinator. The coordinators are as follows: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. Coordinators are always preceded by a comma. Examples: - I tried to speak Spanish, and my friend tried to speak English. - Alejandro played football, so Maria went shopping. . 6
  • 8. Independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses. Subordinator such as:  because, since, after, although, when or a relative pronoun such as that, who, or which. • Examples: - When he handed in his homework, he forgot to give the teacher the last page. - The teacher returned the homework after she noticed the error. 7
  • 9. A compound-complex sentence is made from two independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses. CONNECTORS FOR COMPOUNDCOMPLEX SENTENCES The complex and simple sentences may be joined by a coordinating conjunction or conjunctive adverbs. Examples of Conjunctive Adverbs: o furthermore, meanwhile, therefore, hence, moreover, thus, however, and nevertheless Examples of Coordinating Conjunctions: o for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so 8
  • 10. Examples: o We decided that the movie was too violent, but our children, who like to watch scary movies, thought that we were wrong. Independent clause: "We decided that the movie was too violent" Independent clause: "(but) our children thought that we were wrong" Dependent clause: who like to watch scary movies
  • 11. An utterance can be a word, a phrase, or an entire sentence. HOW DO YOU USE UTTERANCE IN A SENTENCE? Let every utterance from your mouth be true and full of conviction when you discuss your passions. 10
  • 12. It is spoken Physical events Maybe grammatical or not A piece of language Meaningful Specific time By a specific person 12
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  • 14. It is that part of the meaning of a clause or sentence that is constant. It’s a claim about world. It just the form of an idea. It’s a (potential) fact about the word, which can be true or false. Examples: The boy is playing football. Two plus two makes four