Mark Shepard's Restoration Agriculture 101 presentation

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Mark Shepard's presentation on Restoration Agriculture 101. For more information about restoration agriculture, broad acre permaculture, and keyline design, visit http://www.forestag.com/.

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Mark Shepard's Restoration Agriculture 101 presentation

  1. 1. Mark L Shepard Forest Agriculture Enterprises forestag.com On Facebook: Mark Shepard, restoration agriculture Restoration Agriculture: Real world Permaculture for farmers
  2. 2. PERMA (permanent) (agri) CULTURE • “Permaculture is an ecological design methodology where we create relationships between materials, plants, animals and humans in order to optimize function and yield. The aim is to create systems that are ecologically sound and economically profitable, which provide for their own needs, do not exploit or pollute and are therefore sustainable in the long term. Much of the design is taken from nature.” (Bill Mollison) • (Permanent- Latin: per- throughout + manere- to remain; Culture- Middle English: cultivation, tillage; from Old French; from Latin: cultura, from cultus- cultivation, from Germanic: skel- to cut)
  3. 3. Bill Mollison Permaculture Wrote the book: A Designers Manual
  4. 4. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Why Restoration Agriculture?
  5. 5. Angkor watt
  6. 6. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  7. 7. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  8. 8. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Pedal to the metal, baby!
  9. 9. • Why does everyone seem to be working so hard to create and maintain something that doesn’t seem to be working very well?
  10. 10. Permaculture Design Principle: Observe and imitate Nature. Work WITH nature rather than fight against it. KNOW YOUR BIOME !
  11. 11. In order to OBSERVE and INTERACT you must first know the difference between an: OBSERVATION and a CONCEPT
  12. 12. -Prior to European settlement, this piece of planet was photosynthetically productive and supported a rich variety of life for a brazillion years; all without the input of any fossil fuels, with no commercial fertilizers, no pesticides, no herbicides, no fungicides and not even any tillage! -Can we we design a farming system to operate this way? -Can such a form of agriculture provide the staple foods (carbohydrates, proteins and oils) currently provided by annual crops? -Can such a farm be economically viable within the current economic system?
  13. 13. Identify your biome(s) and keystone species
  14. 14. Identify your biome(s) and keystone species Earthworks/ water management
  15. 15. Identify your biome(s) and keystone species Earthworks/ water management Establish edible woody polycultures
  16. 16. Identify your biome(s) and keystone species Earthworks/ water management Establish edible woody polycultures Build fences & roads
  17. 17. Identify your biome(s) and keystone species Earthworks/ water management Establish edible woody polycultures Build fences & roads Establish Agroforestry practices
  18. 18. Identify your biome(s) and keystone species Earthworks/ water management Establish edible woody polycultures Build fences & roads Establish Agroforestry practices Manage for eternity!
  19. 19. Fagacea: Oak,Chestnut, Beech Apples Hazelnut Prunus: plum, cherry, peach Raspberry, grape, currant Forage, animals, fungi
  20. 20. Chestnuts…Corn on Trees! Chestnuts: Corn on trees!
  21. 21. Food, juice, vinegar, alcohol
  22. 22. Hazelnuts! Protein & Oil Oil + alcohol = Diesel Fuel!
  23. 23. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  24. 24. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  25. 25. A highly productive, pest and disease-free home garden. Can you find 10 different types of garden produce?
  26. 26. The Apple Orchard: Grapes on Chestnut over Hazelnut next to Rose behind Apple over Daffodil, Iris and Comfrey and more…
  27. 27. OK… Do the math: Potentially 3-7 times the energy capture per acre Improving resource base Perennial: reproduces itself No plowing, cultivating, pest or disease control once established Year-round harvest. Multiple yields/products No erosion, non-toxic and BEAUTIFUL! Working WITH nature
  28. 28. Degrading resource base: Soil erosion, chemical contamination Plowing,herbicide,pesticide,fungicide,fertilizers 7 times less energy capture than a Savanna! YEAR after YEAR after YEAR! One Crop, one market, total risk exposure Degraded landscape, small towns, culture, Where does this lead? OR….
  29. 29. Thank you for Farming (and EATING!) in Nature’s Image! forestag.com Newforestfarm.net RestorationAg.org On facebook: Mark Shepard,Restoration Agriculture

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