State of the Negros Occidental Coastal Environment

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Presented by Maria Elena B. San Jose, MPA, Coastal Management Coordinator of the Provincial Environment Management Office during the Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement for the Police …

Presented by Maria Elena B. San Jose, MPA, Coastal Management Coordinator of the Provincial Environment Management Office during the Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement for the Police Environment Desk Officers and Members of Task Force Ilahas. The said seminar was attended by 75 participants held at the Goverrnor's Hall, Capitol Building, Bacolod City, Negros Occidental on 18-19 September 2013.

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  • 1. Coastal Management Program MARIA ELENA B. SAN JOSE, MPA Coastal Management Coordinator, PEMO PROVINCE OF NEGROS OCCIDENTAL REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 1
  • 2. Coastal Management ProgramPHILIPPINES: CENTER OF MARINE BIODIVERSITY IN THE WORLD The Coral Triangle is a geographical term referring to the tropical marine waters of Malaysia, Indonesia, Timor-Leste , Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Philippines. Coral Triangle: a region of the global epicenter of marine species diversity and is one of the top priorities for marine conservation. 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 2
  • 3. Coastal Management ProgramPHILIPPINES: CENTER OF MARINE BIODIVERSITY IN THE WORLD The Philippines, being situated at the apex of the coral triangle, is considered to be the richest marine eco- region in the world "Center of Marine Biodiversity" in the world, surpassing the Great Barrier Reef of Australia. 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 3
  • 4. Coastal Management Program Visayan Sea: Center of Marine Biodiversity "The world’s largest concentration of marine life is found in the Philippines, more specifically in the Visayan Sea." “The greatest concentration of 1,736 overlapping marine species is in a 10 km x 10 km area in the Verde Island Pass Passage between Batangas and Mindoro - Dr. Kent E. Carpenter 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 4
  • 5. Coastal Management Program Visayan Sea: Center of Marine Biodiversity “5 % of the country’s total reef area is now in good condition. A recent assessment by a team of Filipino marine experts showed that the healthy reefs were in the Celebes Sea, Southern Philippine Sea, Sulu Sea and the waters in the Visayas” - Dr. Porfirio Alinio, UP-MSI May 21, 2011 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 5
  • 6. Coastal Management ProgramProvincial Coastal Profile General Information Total Number of Coastal LGUs LGU-City LGU-Municipality 25 12 13 Land Area (km2) 6,760.02 Length Coastline (km) 476.01 Total Area Municipal Waters (km2) 5146.11 Total Population 2,428,339 Mangrove Area (LEP-DENR R6 2005) 4996.42 Coastal Population 694,177 Total Household 420,403 Number of Brgys Coastal Barangays 519 176 # of fishermen 29,673 Source: NOSET 2009 & NAMRIA 2012 & LEP-DENR R6 2012 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 6
  • 7. Coastal Management Program Negros Occidental Mangrove Forest cover • Total Mangrove Forest Cover: 570 hectares (1987 Swedish SPOT Corporation ) • Total Mangrove Area : 4996.42 Hectares ( 2005 LEP DENR R-6, Iloilo City) • 1997 Mangrove Cover : 739.5978 Hectares ( Talaban Surveying Office) Old Growth Forest : 405.686 hectares Existing plantation : 333.9118 hectares • PEMO Mangrove Reforestation : 298.44 Has 1994-2010 (20% survival rate) 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 7
  • 8. Coastal Management Program Coastal Ecosystems Beach mangrove seagrasses corals reefs open ocean soft bottom communities 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 8
  • 9. Coastal Management Program The coastal zone Areas within a landmark limit of one (1) kilometer from the shoreline at high tide to include mangrove swamps, brackishwater ponds, nipa swamps, estuarine rivers, sandy beaches and other areas within a seaward limit of 200 meters isobath to include coral reefs, algal flats, seagrass beds, and other soft-bottom areas (RA 8550) Land Mangrove Beaches Tidalflats Coral reefs Open sea Seagrass beds Coastalzone Municipal waters 15 km1 km 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 9
  • 10. Coastal Management ProgramComparative Analysis: Mangrove Forest Cover Legend: ESSC-Environmental Science for Social Change FMB – Forest Management Bureau SSC – Swedish SPOT Corporation Pedro Walpole: Figuring Forest Figures Environmental Science for Social Change, July 2010 SSC 1987 (A) PGNO- Talaban Surveying Office (1997) (B) ESSC 2002 (c) FMB (2002) (D) Increased in Mangrove Cover (1987-1997) (B-A) Increased in Mangrove Cover (1987-2002) (C-A) Increased in Mangrove Cover (2002) (D-A) 570 739.5978 4,140 1,741 169.5978 3,570 1,171 • 1997- 29.75 % increased in mangrove cover from 1987 (14.8 % of 4996.42 Has total mangrove area) • 2002- 75.68 % increased in mangrove cover from 1987 (20% of 4996.42 Has total mangrove area) 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 10
  • 11. Coastal Management Program 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 – Beach seine (municipal) 2 – Trawl (commercial/municipal) 3 – Fish corral (municipal) 4 – Scissor net (municipal) 5 – Drive-in net (municipal) 6 – Round haul seine (municipal) 7 – Purse seine/ring net (municipal) 11 Threats and Challenges  Use of active gear in the municipal waters and bays and other fishery management areas (Section 90 of RA 8550)  Commercial Fishing Vessels fishing within Municipal Waters (Section 86 in relation to Section 18)
  • 12. Coastal Management Program Commercial Fishing Vessel spotted inside municipal water approximately 3 kilometers from the shoreline Threats and Challenges
  • 13. Coastal Management Program Commercial Fishing Vessel spotted inside municipal water approximately 3 kilometers from the shoreline Threats and Challenges
  • 14. Coastal Management Program Commercial Fishing Vessel spotted inside municipal water approximately 5 kilometers from the shoreline Threats and Challenges
  • 15. Coastal Management Program CLOSE UP: Commercial Fishing Vessel spotted inside municipal water approximately 5 kilometers from the shoreline of Sojoton, Cauayan on 11 April 2013. Threats and Challenges
  • 16. Coastal Management Program Commercial Fishing Vessel spotted docking inside municipal water approximately 500 meters from the shoreline of Sualig, Brgy. Linaon, Cauayan on 11 April 2013, a clear violation of the Philippines Fisheries Code. Threats and Challenges
  • 17. Coastal Management Program • Illegal Use of Superlight within Municipal waters (section 93 of RA 8550) • Use of fine mesh net (Section 88 of RA 8550) • Ban on Muro Ami and any of its variations (Section 92 of RA 8550) • Fishing in Fishery reserves, refuge and sanctuaries (section 96 of RA 8550) • Ban on gathering, selling, exporting of white sand, silica, pebbles and other substances that make up marine habitat (section 92, paragraph 3) • Conversion of mangroves (section 94 of RA 8550) Threats and Challenges
  • 18. Coastal Management Program 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 18 Threats and Challenges
  • 19. Coastal Management ProgramPriority Development Agenda for Negros Occidental • Natural Resources Management • Economic Development • Good Governance • Reduction of Poverty • Optimum Health Care • Strong Support for Education • Food Security • I.C.T Utilization • Roads Improvement • Social Services • Tourism Promotion 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 19
  • 20. Coastal Management ProgramCOASTAL ALLIANCES IN THE PROVINCE OF NEGROS OCCIDENTAL NNARMAC CENECCORD KAHIL-ICAMC SNCDMC 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 20
  • 21. Coastal Management ProgramCoastal & Marine Environment ( Coastal & Fisheries Resources ) ULTIMATE OBJECTIVES Source: PNRM COASTAL MGNT FRAMEWORK “protect the rights of subsistence fisherfolk, especially of local communities, in the preferential use of communal marine and fishery resources, both inland and offshore, including protection of its marine wealth and exclusive economic zone, and reserve its use and enjoyment exclusively to Filipino citizens”. 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 21
  • 22. Coastal Management Program PGNO INTERVENTIONS • PROVINCIAL ENVIRONMENT CODE • Resource Assessment & Inventory • Resource Regulation & Utilization • Resource Conservation & Rehabilitation • Resource Protection (PNRM FRAMEWORK ADOPTED BY THE LGUs & ALLIANCES) 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 22
  • 23. Coastal Management Program Resource Assessment & Inventory Program Delineation of municipal waters (MW) & zoning with map LGUs with Delineation Ordinance - 13 LGUs (Hinoba-an, Sipalay, Binalbagan, Hinigaran, Pontevedra, San Enrique, Valladolid, Pulupandan, Bago, and Bacolod, Himamaylan City, Kabankalan City and ilog with Municipal Water Delineation Ordinance) Implementation of Zoning- 1 LGU San Carlos City 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 23
  • 24. Coastal Management Program  Lobbied in the formulation of MW Use Plan and inclusion to the CLUP  Inventory of Households/Profiling of Coastal Communities  Inventory/ Assessment of Fishery/Aquatic Resources & other aquatic flora & fauna (underwater survey) 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 24 Resource Assessment & Inventory Program
  • 25. Coastal Management Program Resource Regulation and Utilization Program Formulation & adoption of the CFRM plan Integration of the CFRM Plan in the Mun./City Comprehensive Dev’t. Plan (CDP) and in the Annual Investment Plan Cadiz City IlogVictorias Accomplishment: 21 LGUs Target: 4 LGUs (EB Magalona, Silay City, Bacolod City & Talisay City 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 25
  • 26. Coastal Management Program Resource Regulation and Utilization Program Strict Observance/ Implementation of Coastal Zoning & Uses San Carlos City Fishing vessel registration and licensing system (EO 305) 21 LGUs Target: Cities of Escalante, Silay, Talisay and Himamaylan Docking/Berthing Regulation System 176 coastal Brgy. San Carlos City9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 26
  • 27. Coastal Management Program Resource Regulation and Utilization Program • Strict Observance/ Implementation of Water Easements/Foreshore Easements Note: P.D. No. 1067 and DAO No. 5, Series of 1997, provide for easements on the banks of rivers, streams and shores of the sea throughout their entire length and within a zone of three (3) meters in urban areas, twenty (20) meters in agricultural areas, and forty (40) meters in forest areas along with their margins for public use LGUs with MFO - 21 LGUs Target: EB Magalona, Silay City, Bacolod City & Talisay City • Preferential use of communal marine and fishing resources by subsistence fisherfolk, both inland & offshore, by reserving 15km- municipal waters for their use 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 27
  • 28. Coastal Management Program Resource Regulation and Utilization Program  Licensing of municipal fishermen to fish in municipal waters/ID system for fisherfolk  Strict Implementation of Fishery Laws/Regulations 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 28
  • 29. Coastal Management Program Resource Regulation and Utilization Program • Supplemental/Appropriate Livelihood  Marine Engine Swap to Reforestation Project  Sustainable Alternative Livelihood Assistance Program (SALAP) for Women- Swap to Environmental Protection and Rehabilitation  Mud crab fattening  Blue Crab Cages for gravis crab  Sea Horse culture  Organic Tilapia  Tilapia Hatchery  Abalone Culture  Arong Project  Diwal Project 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 29
  • 30. Coastal Management Program Resource Conservation & Rehabilitation Establishment & management of marine protected area and marine reserves as fish breeding grounds/nurseries & shellfish sanctuaries 24 MPAs with Ordinance 1 MPA declared under NIPAS Total area of MPA: 37, 677 Has (7.23% of 514, 611.42 Has total area of the municipal waters in Negros Occidental) 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 30
  • 31. Coastal Management Program – Marine Protected Area establishment Deployment of buoys in Palm Reef, Hinoba-an Resource Conservation & Rehabilitation 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 31
  • 32. Coastal Management Program Resource Conservation & Rehabilitation  Mangrove reforestation & rehabilitation in municipal waters  Mangrove reforestation & rehabilitation in abandoned, underutilized & undeveloped FLA areas 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 32
  • 33. Coastal Management Program Resource Protection  Organization/Training/Deputati on of Bantay Dagat/ Bantay Katunggan, with IDs.  Regular monitoring & surveillance patrol  Protection & regulation of high sensitivity areas like estuaries & wetlands 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 33
  • 34. Coastal Management Program Resource Protection  Alliance-Based Coastal Law Enforcement in support of LGU BDV/BKV  Marine wildlife enforcement training  Enforcement (Apprehension- Prosecution) of Fishery Law Violators 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 34
  • 35. Coastal Management Program Resource Protection  Organization of Provincial Inter- Agency Task Force for Coastal Environmental Protection (PIATFCEP)  Capacity enhancement of Police Desk Officer and TFI 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 35
  • 36. Coastal Management Program WORKING HAND IN HAND FOR A BETTER ENVIRONMENT 9/18/2013 Seminar on Environmental Laws and Enforcement 36