Scientific writing
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Writing for research paper made easy

Writing for research paper made easy

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Scientific writing Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Scientific Writing For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video Dr. Daxaben Mehta Principal, Smt. S. C. U. Shah Home Science And C.U.Shah Arts &Commerce Mahila College Wadhwancity, Dist: Surendranagar Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 2. Scientific Writing For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video Types of Scientific Publication Outline Language Structure & Preparation of a Paper Title - Author Abstract Key words Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 3. Types of Scientific For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video Publication Oral presentations Written presentations Books and book chapters Review papers Journal articles Science magazines, Newspaper articles Writing for Grants Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 4. For Types of Scientific BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video Publication Extension leaflets and posters Conference posters Annual reports, quarterly reports and project reports, Conference abstracts Conference/Workshop proceedings Letter to journals and book reviews Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 5. Outline For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video Description Of An Outline Value Of The Outline Developing The Outline Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 6. ForMixing your Video Language Broadcasting LOGO Language Simple accurate Precise Brevity Grammar Active voice Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 7. Structure of a Paper For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video Introduction Materials & Methods Results – Tables & Figures Discussion Conclusion References Acknowledgements Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 8. ForMixing your Video Structure of a Paper Broadcasting LOGO The major sections required in a paper are often abbreviated in the acronym “IMRaD” meaning; Introduction, Methodology (Materials and Methods), Results, and Discussion. Other sections are clearly necessary (a title, abstract, references, etc.) Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 9. Thesis For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO VideoMain difference is the style and layout-MonographUse university guidelinesExtended literature reviewMain body split into sections/chaptersA chapter on methodologyDiscussion - Compare results with previouspublications Discuss implications Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 10. ForMixing your Video Writing for Grants Broadcasting LOGO Research outline Synopsis of research Plan of research Research/project proposal Thesis plan Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 11. Research Proposal For Broadcasting Mixing your LOGO VideoRegardless of your research area and themethodology you choose, all research proposalsmust address the following questions:What you plan to accomplishwhy you want to do it andhow you are going to do it. Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 12. Research Proposal For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video The (Longer) Standard Model A Basic Proposal Outline: Introduction  Topic area  Research question  Significance to knowledge Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 13. Research Proposal For Broadcasting Mixing your LOGO VideoLiterature review  Previous research others & yours  Interlocking findings and Unanswered questions  Your preliminary work on the topic  The remaining questions and inter-locking logic  Reprise of your research question(s) in this context• Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 14. Research Proposal For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video Methodology Approach - Data needs Analytic techniques  Plan for interpreting results Expected results Discussion and Conclusion Budget and Bibliography (or References) Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 15. ForMixing your Elements of Research Broadcasting LOGO Video Proposal • Title • Introduction • Statement of the problem • Rationale/justification/significance of the research • Scope and limitations of the study • Review of literature • Objectives of the research Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 16. ForMixing your Elements of Research Broadcasting LOGO Proposal Video • Operational definitions of terms used • Hypothesis - Methodology Used • Time schedule/work plan • Budget/estimated cost built up • Organization of the report/chapter outline • Bibliography/References • Conclusions - Appendix Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 17. ForMixing your Elements of Research Broadcasting LOGO Video ProposalTitleFirst page – title of the research; researcher’s name;name of institute/organization where the researcherbelongs; name of the sponsoring organization, name ofthe supervisor, co-supervisor; date; etcIn selecting the title, the following points should betaken care of: Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 18. Title For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video Reflect the theme of the research Be self-explanatory Be brief Language be simple and unambiguous Be specific to a particular domain Bracket; arithmetic figures, etc be avoided Avoid confusing meaning Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here 
  • 19. ForMixing your Video Introduction Broadcasting LOGO IntroductionThereoretical backgroundBackground of the problemEtc Statement of the problemDefinitionNatureExtent Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 20. Rationale For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video Rationale/justification/significance of the research Importance Addressing the national context problem Bridging the knowledge gaps Useful to the society/community Present state of affairs Affected stakeholders Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 21. ForMixing your Video Scope Broadcasting LOGO Scope and limitations of the study Boundaries of the research Aspects and issues addressed Shortcomings of the research – resource and time constraints Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 22. Review of literature For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video Researches so conducted; vital information Issues discussed; unaddressed issues Relevancy to the present research Finding out information/knowledge gaps Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 23. ForMixing your Video Objectives of the research Broadcasting LOGO• Contextual/consistent to the title• Concise, clear-cut, expressed in simple language, precise, self-explanatory• Distinctive, quantifiable , measurable• Two types of objectives : general/broad/overall; specific Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 24. Hypothesis For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video Operational definitions of terms used Clear-cut meaning of the terms used Hypothesis Proposition subject to verification May be null, accepted, rejected Guide/lead the research Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 25. Methodology For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video Selection of appropriate approach Tools/techniques to be used Data collection techniques Data processing, analysis, interpretation techniques Data/information presentation techniques Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 26. Work Plan Budget For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video Time schedule/work plan Time line of the assigned tasks  Time line of the resource flow – 3Ms Budget/estimated cost built up Cost built up – resource personnel, support staff, stationery, transport, utilities, house rents, miscellaneous, etc Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 27. Organization For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video Organization of the report/chapter outline Outline of the dissertation/report Four major parts of the report: introductory, findings and discussion, summary, and conclusion Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 28. Organization For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video Desired share Acceptable share Part (%) (%) Introductory 10 15 Findings and 80 70 Discussion Summary and 10 15 Conclusion Total anything here Don’t write 100Don’t write anything here100
  • 29. Bibliography For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO VideoBibliography/ReferencesRelated documents to be consulted/studiesFollow technicalities in writing Bibliography/referencesTo be presented in alphabetic orderTo be presented in classified manner viz.,manuscripts, books, journals, commission reports,newspapers, etc Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 30. Conclusion For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video State about the feasibility of the proposed research/study Upcoming challenges Upcoming treats, difficulties, hindrances Make a conclusive remak Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 31. For BroadcastingMixing your Video Tips and Tricks LOGO • Read and read - Take notes • Talk to supervisors, experts, fellows • Write topics and topics • Get confused, get afraid • Generate a number of research questions • Systematize research questions • Cut down these in line with your coherent thinkings Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 32. Common Mistakes For Broadcasting Mixing your LOGO Video• To provide context to frame research question(s)• To delimit the boundary of research issue(s)• To cite landmark studies undertaken so far• To present accurate theoretical background of the study• To focus the research questions(s) Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 33. Common Mistakes For Broadcasting Mixing your LOGO Video• To develop coherent and persuasive arguments• Too much detailed or too much short on major issues• Too much rambling – going all over without clear cut sense of direction• Incorrect citation/references• Too long writetoo short Don’t or anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 34. DOs and DO NOTs For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video • DO Produce/prepare a professional looking proposal Make it interesting Make it informative, meaningful Write easy way to read Present content in a page Use clear headings/sub-headings Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 35. DOs and DO NOTs For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video• DOBe concise, preciseCheck spelling, grammarPresent in accurate/acceptable formatDO NOTsUse no ward which you do not understandUse of difficult ward unimpressive to the readers/supervisor/ authoruty Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here
  • 36. Scientific Writing For BroadcastingMixing your LOGO Video Don’t write anything here Don’t write anything here