Identification of a problem
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how to select a research problem in home science or in any subject can be understood by this presentation

how to select a research problem in home science or in any subject can be understood by this presentation

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    Identification of a problem Identification of a problem Presentation Transcript

    • IDENTIFICATION OF A RESEARCH PROBLEMDr.DAXABEN N.MEHTA
    • What is Research? Conceptually - Research is defined as the orderly search for truth. Operationally – Research is• As orderly investigation of a defined problem.• Using an appropriate scientific method or methods.• Together adequate and representative evidence.• Producing conclusions drawn from logical reasoning without bias.• that can be validated• And yield general principles or laws that may be applied in similar conditions.• Research forms a cycle of activities.• It starts with a problem and ends with a solution to the problem.
    • What is Methodology?Methodology is defined as1. "the analysis of the principles of methods,rules, and postulates employed by a discipline";2. "the systematic study of methods that are,can be, or have been applied within a discipline"; or3. "a particular procedure or set of procedures."
    • What is Research Methodology?The strategy or architectural design by which the researcher maps out anapproach to problem-finding or problem-solving is research methodology.
    • IDENTIFICATION OF PROBLEM(1) STAGES TO DECIDE THE TOPIC(2) IDENTIFICATION OF SUBJECT OF RESEARCH IN HOME SCIENCE(3) PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN IN RESEARCH(4) NECESSITY OF DEFINING THE PROBLEM(5) FORMATION / DEVELOPMENT OF TITLE
    • (1) STAGES TO DECIDE THE TOPIC• BACKGROUND OF RESEARCHER• CURRENT DEVLOPMENT• PURPOSE OF RESEARCH• TIME AVAILABLE• FUNDING
    • BACKGROUND OF RESEARCHERSTATUS OF THE RESEARCHER•SPECILISATION OF THE RESEARCHER•KNOWLEDGE OF ALLIED SUBJECTSOF HOME SCIENCE•MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION•PLACE OF SERVICE
    • BACKGROUND OF RESEARCHER CONTINUE.....• READING HABITS• WRITING ABILITY• ANALYTICAL ABILITY• INTERPRETATION ABILITY• COORDINATION ABILITY• EXPERIENCE LEVEL
    • CURRENT DEVELOPMENT IN THE TOPIC OF RESEARCH• COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT• AT DOMESTIC LEVEL• AT INTERNATIONAL LEVEL• FUTURE RELEVANCE OF THE ISSUE SHOULD BE EXAMINED
    • TYPES (FORMS) OF RESEARCH• ARTICLE• PROJECT WORK: GOVERNMENT PROJECT UGC PROJECT – MINOR-MAJOR• M. PHIL• PH.D
    • PURPOSE OF RESEARCH• FOR DEGREE• FOR TEACHING• FOR CLIENT• KNOWLEDGE UPGRADATION• FOR PUBLICATION
    • TIME AVAILABLE• FOR ARTICLE 2 TO 4 MONTHS• PROJECT WORK: BASED ON NATURE OF PROJECT GOVERNMENT PROJECT UGC PROJECT – MINOR- MAJOR• FOR M. PHIL 1 TO 2.5 YEARS• FOR PH.D MINIMUM 2 YEARS
    • FUNDING• SELF FUNDED• UGC FUNDED• FINANCED BY AGENCY• FINANCED BY CLIENT• FINANCED BY GOVERNMENT
    • (2) IDENTIFICATION OF SUBJECT OF RESEARCH IN HOME SCIENCEHOME SCIENCE INCLUDES: FOODS & NUTRITION HOME MANAGEMENT CLOTHING & TEXTILE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION EXTENSION
    • IDENTIFICATION OF AREA OF RESEARCH IN FOODS & NUTRITION BRANCHES OF FOODS & NUTRITION----------------------------------------------------------- DIET RECIPE PRODUCT THERAPYDEVELOP DEVELOP AND COOKING FOOD MENT MENT COMMUNITY METHODS ANALYSIS NUTRITION
    • IDENTIFICATION OF AREA OF RESEARCH IN HOME MANAGEMENT BRANCHES OF HOME MANAGEMENT----------------------------------------------------------- INTERIOR HUMAN HOME HOUSE SPACE MEDICINAL RESOURCEBUDGET PLANNING DESIGN PLANTS MANAGE MENT
    • IDENTIFICATION OF AREA OF RESEARCH IN CLOTHING & TEXTILE BRANCHES OF CLOTHING & TEXTILE-----------------------------------------------------------TEXTILE FASHION COLOUR TRADITION COSTUMEDESIGN DESIGN FOECASTING AND DESIGN EMBROIDERY
    • IDENTIFICATION OF AREA OF RESEARCH IN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT BRANCHES OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT----------------------------------------------------------- HEREDITY HUMAN AND DEVELOP MENTAL FAMILYBEHAVIOR ENVION WOMEN STAGES DYNAMICS MENT ISSUES
    • IDENTIFICATION OF AREA OF RESEARCH IN EDUCATION EXTENSION BRANCHES OF EDUCATION EXTENSION -----------------------------------------------------------EDUCATION MEDIA ADULT EXTENSION GOVT. PATTERN AND EDUCATION AND SCHEMES COMMU COMMUNITY AND NICATION POLICIES
    • (3) Precautions to be taken in researchThe research problem should bestated in such a way that it wouldlead to analytical thinking on the partof the researcher with the aim ofpossible concluding solutions to thestated problem.
    • • The research problem should always be formulated• Grammatically correct• Relevant words to be used.• Avoid meaningless words.• No ambiguity in the minds of readers.• Demarcating the research field into manageable parts by dividing the main problem into sub problem is of the utmost importance.
    • (4) Necessity of defining the problem• Quite often we all hear that a problem clearly stated is a problem half solved. This statement signifies the need for defining a research problem.• The problem to be investigated must be defined unambiguously for that will help to discriminate relevant data from the irrelevant ones.• A proper definition of research problem will enable the researcher to be on the track whereas an ill- defined problem may create hurdles.• Questions like:1 What data are to be collected?
    • Necessity of defining the problem continue......2 What characteristics of data are relevant and need to be studied?3 What relations are to be explored?4 What techniques are to be used for the purpose? And similar other questions crop up in the mind of the researcher who can well plan his strategy and find answers to all such questions only when the research problem has been well defined.
    • • Thus, defining a research problem properly is a prerequisite for any study and is a step of the highest importance.• In fact, formulation of a problem is often more essential than it solution.• It is only on careful detailing the research problem that we can work out the research design and can smoothly carry on all the consequential steps involved while doing research.
    • (5)Formation / Development of Problem title• The subsequent stage after selection of a problem is formation of a title of research problem. It should possess the following qualities.• Should be carefully worded.• Should indicate the core of the study• Should reflect the real intension of researcher• If possible time period should clarify• Focus should be cleared