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Manual Handling training for worker work on site and inside the store. For power point slides please email me on dawoodibrar@hotmail.com

Manual Handling training for worker work on site and inside the store. For power point slides please email me on dawoodibrar@hotmail.com

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Manual_handling Manual_handling Presentation Transcript

  • EPC of JIC Cooling Plant 098-C58 Azmeel EH&S Department TRAINING MANUAL HANDLING Presented by: Dawood Akbar
  • 2 COURSECOURSE AIMSAIMS ToTo impartimpart thethe necessarynecessary knowledgeknowledge andand skillsskills requiredrequired byby personspersons whowho areare requiredrequired toto carrycarry outout manualmanual handlinghandling riskrisk assessmentsassessments oror areare requiredrequired toto movemove loadsloads byby manualmanual effort,effort, soso asas toto ensureensure thatthat goodgood safesafe liftinglifting techniquestechniques areare adoptedadopted andand maintainedmaintained.. MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 3 SitesSites ofof InjuriesInjuries CausedCaused byby ManualManual HandlingHandling BackBack 4545%% Finger/ThumbFinger/Thumb 1616%% ArmsArms 1313%% LowerLower limbslimbs 99%% RestRest ofof torsotorso 88%% HandsHands 66%% OtherOther 33%% MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 4 The Spinal Column and it’s DivisionsThe Spinal Column and it’s Divisions MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 5 The Spinal Column and it’s DivisionsThe Spinal Column and it’s Divisions The Spines 3 main functions are:The Spines 3 main functions are: 1.1. To allow movement.To allow movement. 2.2. To support the upper body.To support the upper body. 3.3. To protect the spinal cord.To protect the spinal cord. MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 6 7 Cervical (neck) Vertebrae 12 Thoracic (middle back) Vertebrae 5 Lumbar (low back) Vertebrae Sacrum (fused vertebrae Coccyx (tailbone) Discs Spinal Canal MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 7 Manual HandlingManual Handling ManualManual handlinghandling isis defineddefined asas thethe transportingtransporting oror supportingsupporting ofof aa loadload byby handshands oror bodilybodily forceforce.. These includes:These includes: •• CarryingCarrying •• Putting downPutting down •• PushingPushing •• PullingPulling •• MovingMoving •• LiftingLifting •• SupportingSupporting MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 8 Causes of back problemsCauses of back problems OverweightOverweight Can put extra stress on musclesCan put extra stress on muscles Out of shapeOut of shape Weak muscles can’t do supporting jobWeak muscles can’t do supporting job Poor posturePoor posture Puts unnecessary pressure and curvature on the backPuts unnecessary pressure and curvature on the back Muscle fatigue and strainMuscle fatigue and strain Fractured vertebraFractured vertebra May injure spinal cord and cause paralysisMay injure spinal cord and cause paralysis Ruptured or “slipped” discRuptured or “slipped” disc Presses on spinal nerves and causes pain in backPresses on spinal nerves and causes pain in back and legsand legs DiseasesDiseases ArthritisArthritis MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 9 Types of Injuries:Types of Injuries: 1. Ligaments1. Ligaments 2. Muscles & tendons2. Muscles & tendons 3. Nerves3. Nerves 4. Fractures4. Fractures 5. Cuts from sharp edges5. Cuts from sharp edges MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 10 The Forces InvolvedThe Forces Involved If the fulcrum is in the centre, it only requires the force, equal to the weight of the object to enable the object to be moved If you shift the fulcrum to one side, it takes much more force to lift the same object. Your waist acts like the fulcrum in a lever system, on a 10:1 ratio. Lifting a ten pound object puts 100 pounds of pressure on your lower back. MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 11 The ForcesThe Forces InvolvedInvolved When you add in the 105 pounds of the average human upper torso, you see that lifting a ten pound object actually puts 1,150 pounds of pressure on the lower back. MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 12 Good Handling Technique for LiftingGood Handling Technique for Lifting Remember: Bend your knees and Lift with ease! Think before lifting/handling.Think before lifting/handling. • Can handling aids be used? • Where is the load going to be placed? • Will help be needed with the load? • Remove obstructions such as discarded wrapping materials • For a long lift, consider resting the load midway on a table or bench to change grip. MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 13 Adopt a stable positionAdopt a stable position. The feet should be apart with one leg slightly forward to maintain balance (alongside the load, if it is on the ground). The worker should be prepared to move their feet during the lift to maintain their stability. Avoid tight clothing or unsuitable footwear, which may make this difficult. Get a good hold.Get a good hold. Where possible the load should be hugged as close as possible to the body. This may be better than gripping it tightly with hands only. Start in a good posture.Start in a good posture. At the start of the lift, slight bending of the back, hips and knees is preferable to fully flexing the back (stooping) or fully flexing the hips and knees (squatting). MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 14 Keep the load close to the waist.Keep the load close to the waist. Keep the load close to the body for as long as possible while lifting. Keep the heaviest side of the load next to the body. If a close approach to the load is not possible, try to slide it towards the body before attempting to lift it. Avoid twisting the back or leaning sidewaysAvoid twisting the back or leaning sideways, especially while the back is bent. Shoulders should be kept level and facing in the same direction as the hips. Turning by moving the feet is better than twisting and lifting at the same time. MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 15 Keep the head up when handling.Keep the head up when handling. Look ahead, not down at the load, once it has been held securely. Move smoothly. The load should not be jerked or snatched as this can make it harder to keep control and can increase the risk of injury. Don’t lift or handle more than can be easily be managed There is a difference between what people think they can lift and what they can safely lift. If in doubt, get help. Put down, then adjust. If precise positioning of the load is necessary, put it down first, then slide it into the desired position. MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 16 Assess TASK:TASK: Posture Frequency Duration Intensity Pacing Team Handling Rewards PRINCIPLES OF SAFE HANDLING INDIVIDUAL:INDIVIDUAL: Strength Height Pregnancy Health Training Experience Gender Age MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 17 LOAD:LOAD: Weight Shape Size Handles Packaging Stability Contents ENVIRONMENT:ENVIRONMENT: Space constraints Floor condition and levels Temperature Humidity Ventilation Lighting Noise PRINCIPLES OF SAFE HANDLING Assess MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 18 Plan the Task:Plan the Task: Consider the most appropriate postures. Is there mechanical equipment available? Is there anybody that can help? Is PPE being worn correctly? Plan the Route:Plan the Route: Consider start and end points. Are there doors or steps on the route? Any obstructions to be cleared? Are there vehicles or other persons to be aware of? PRINCIPLES OF SAFE HANDLING MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 19 PRINCIPLES OF SAFE HANDLING LOADLOAD • Can the load be split? • Make the load stable. • Pack shifting contents tightly. • Evenly distribute contents. • Keep the centre of gravity of the load close to you • Cover sharp abrasive edges. YOURSELF • Get a good grip of the load. • Use PPE when necessary. MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 20 PRINCIPLES OF SAFE HANDLING AREAAREA • Clear area of obstacles. • Warn people. • Check destination. • Ensure good lighting. • Check housekeeping Prepare: MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 21 PRINCIPLES OF SAFE HANDLING Perform: • Apply principles of biomechanics to reduce the loading on the spine • Keep a wide base of support. • Maintain the lumbar curve (low back) as much as possible. • Brace yourself • Get a good grip. MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 22 PRINCIPLES OF SAFE HANDLING Perform: cont’dPerform: cont’d • Position feet in direction of travel. • Use smooth controlled movements. • Use friction to minimise force. • Try to avoid twisting and stooping. • Use team lifting where appropriate. MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 23 Safe Lifting Rules:Safe Lifting Rules:-- bend your knees and lift withbend your knees and lift with ease!ease! • Stand close to the object--have a firm footing • Keep the back straight while bending the knees • Grasp the object firmly • Lift with the leg muscles • Slowly straighten legs and bring back to vertical position • Hold object firmly close to the body while moving • Use same motions to set object down • Avoid sudden, jerky motions • Turn with feet instead of back • Do not extend arms too far away from the body to set object down MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 24 Safe Lifting Rules:- bend your knees and lift with ease! Use Your Head Before You Use Your BackUse Your Head Before You Use Your Back • Examine an object for best way to hold it • Check for sharp edges, grease, moisture • Clear path of obstructions & trip hazards • Know where and how to deposit object • If in doubt--get help! MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 25 Special Precautions:Special Precautions: Overhead Lifting • Keep firm footing • Get a ladder or platform • Get help! MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 26 Heavy objects • Use more than one person • Break down object into smaller loads • Use moving & lifting tools Hand trucks Hoists Dollies Conveyors Electric or hand-powered hoist; Lift truck. Special Precautions:Special Precautions: MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 27 TEAM LIFTING means: 1. COMMUNICATION1. COMMUNICATION 2. COOPERATION2. COOPERATION 3. COORDINATION3. COORDINATION Team Lifting AdvantagesTeam Lifting Advantages • Reduces strain on each individual • Requires no costly equipment • Increases the control over awkward loads Team Lifting DisadvantagesTeam Lifting Disadvantages • Can only be used with moderately increased weights ( 2/3 combined capacities ) • Communication and coordination are sometimes confused • Requires training and commitment MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 28 TEAM LIFTING (con’d) Team Lifting ConsiderationsTeam Lifting Considerations • Similar size and capabilities? • Your left or my left? • Facing each other? • Is the leader going backwards? • One, two, three - lift! • In step or break step? • Uphill or downhill? MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING
  • 29 MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING  Risk AssessmentRisk Assessment TASK HAZARDS CONTROLMEASURES PRE-TASK PLANNING LOAD – HEAVY / BULKY LOAD TO BE MARKED WITH WEIGHT; WORKERS TO ONLY LIFT UP TO A MAXIMUMWEIGHT (25kg);REDUCE SIZE OF LOAD IF POSSIBLE LOAD – DIFFICULT TO HANDLE LOAD TO BE FITTED WITH LIFTING POINTS LOAD – SHARP / HOT PPE (GLOVES) TO BE USED LOAD – LIQUID / ALIVE LOAD TO BE CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT – SLIPS, TRIPS & FALLS HOUSEKEEPING; FIRM, LEVEL EVEN FLOORS ENVIRONMENT – POOR LIGHTING SUFFICIENT LIGHTING TO BE PROVIDED ENVIRONMENT – LIMITED SPACE, POOR LAYOUT PROVIDE ADEQUATE WORKING SPACE PRE-TASK BRIEFING WORK TASK PRE-TASK BRIEFING WORK INDIVIDUAL- CAPABILITY INDIVIDUALS WITH HEALTH PROBLEMS NOT TO BE USED; ALL EMPLOYEES TO RECEIVE TRAINING WORK TASK – TWISTING / STOOPING ADEQUATE MHO TRAINING TO BE PROVIDED WORK TASK – LONG CARRY DISTANCES MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT TO BE USED WORK TASK – LARGE VERTICAL DISTANCES; REACHING UPWARDS NO MATERIALS TO BE STORED ABOVE HEAD HEIGHT; LADDERS USED WHERE INPRACTICABLE WORK TASK – PUSHING/PULLING MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT TO BE USED WORK TASK – REPETITIVE HANDLING ADEQUATE INDIVIDUAL TASK ROTATION WORK TASK – WORK IMPOSED BY PROCESS; INSUFFICIENTREST BREAKS ADEQUATE REST BREAKS TO BE TAKEN
  • 30 MANUAL HANDLINGMANUAL HANDLING