Why are we Muslims?


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Why are we Muslims?

  1. 1. Designed exclusively foruniversity students Why Are We Muslims? – Tareeq-ul-Emaan 1st draft
  2. 2. Agenda● Motivation: Why this Topic● Rationality is Important● Existence of Creator● Need of Message● Conclusion 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 2
  3. 3. Why this Topic?● When we buy something we investigate and exhaust our minds● When it comes to religion, is it also not important to investigate: why this religion? 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 3
  4. 4. Allah Says in Quran (1/3)● “And verily guess is no substitute for the truth.” [An-Najm:28]● “They have no (certain) knowledge. They follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they killed him not (‘Isa).” [An-Nisa:157]● "These are nothing but names which you have devised, you and your fathers, for which Allah has sent down no authority. They follow nothing but conjecture and what their Nafs desire. Even though there has already come to them the Guidance from their Rabb" [An-Najm:23]● "Do you have Ilm (knowledge) for that which you claim so that you provide us with? You follow nothing but conjecture (Zann)." [Al-An`am:148] 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 4
  5. 5. Allah Says in Quran (2/3)● "Behold! In the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alteration of night and day, these are indeed signs for men of understanding." [Al-Imran: 190]● "Will they not look at the camels, how they are created! And the heaven, how it is raised! And the mountains, how they are set up! And the earth, how it is spread!" [Al-Ghashiya: 17-20]● "So let man reflect, from what he is created. He is created from a gushing fluid, that is issued from between the loins and ribs." [At-Tariq: 5-7] 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 5
  6. 6. Allah Says in Quran (3/3)● "Were they created of nothing, or were they themselves the creators? Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay they have not firm belief." [At-Tur 35-36]● “Behold! in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the difference of night and day, and the ships which run upon the sea with that which is of use to men, and the water which Allah sends down from the sky, thereby reviving the earth after its death, and dispersing all kinds of beasts therein, and in the ordinance of the winds, and the clouds obedient between heaven and earth are signs (of Allahs sovereignty) for people who have sense." [Al-Baqarah: 164] 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 6
  7. 7. Motivation● Why are we Muslims? – Some say, because I was raised in a Muslim family – Some say, because I was raised in a Muslim majority land – Some say, I entered into Islam by my choice – Etc.,● What shall be the right approach? 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 7
  8. 8. Human (1/2)● Human is a composition of – Mind → Brain – Emotion → Heart – Nature → Biological organization ● Worship/Spiritual ● Procreation ● Survival 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 8
  9. 9. Human (2/2)● We have five senses –● And – Intellect 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 9
  10. 10. Rationality● Thinking drives behavior● Behaviors can change when thinking changes – When we hate something our behavior changes according to emotion of hate – When we like something our behavior changes according to emotion of likeness● Examples – A person born in Israeli family & Palestinian family – A person born in Pakistan and a person born in India (even an inch inside) 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 10
  11. 11. How Do We Revive (Progress)?● Human revives based on thinking Through about simple reality around them, – Technology (No) such as – Earning Money (No) – Life – Installing right thinking – Humans – Universe Surely, Allah does not change the condition of a people unless they change what is in them (nafoos) [Ar’Raad:11] 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 11
  12. 12. A Natural Question (1/2)● What was before these (i.e., before birth), what will be after these (i.e., after death/decay)? – Life – Humans (including ourselves, parents, etc.) – Universe● Our behavior depends upon the answer against the above question – An answer would define a fundamental thought about everything → rest of thoughts would depend on the fundamental thought 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 12
  13. 13. A Natural Question (2/2)● The answer cannot satisfy a human until it satisfies – Mind – Heart – Nature (Fitra) 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 13
  14. 14. Two Possible Answers● No Creator● There is a Creator before everything else (i.e., human, universe, and life) and will remain afterwards 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 14
  15. 15. Refuting First Answer (No Creator) (1/3)● If we look around to ourselves – Everything is limited ● Human has size, age, height, etc., → limited ● Other life has similar issues → limited ● Universe contains Earth – Earth has size, mass, age → limited – Rest of universe has size itself minus Earth’s size → limited – Humans can extend vision ● Using telescope (limited object) but extension would stay limited → two limited things may extend but can’t become limitless – Limited objects → must have come to existence (because limits are defined on them) → existence requires creation → requires Creator 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 15
  16. 16. Refuting First Answer (No Creator) (2/3)● The world depends for its existence on something else, which in turn depends on still another thing – Human depends upon organic needs e.g., food – Planets and animals depends on food chains too – The water cycle depends on sun – Big bang depended upon what science may call nothingness – Etc.,● Ultimately, there must be something that must be independent and unlimited in the end otherwise cycle is not going to stop – It is impossible to say that cycle never stops → that makes it limitless → pointing to an unlimited entity→ different from rest of creations → Creator 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 16
  17. 17. Refuting First Answer (No Creator) (3/3)● Let’s consider, – If everything evolved from expansion (i.e., universe) and living beings evolved from dead gases, then why can’t science produce a living creation out of dead gases now – Dead human can’t come to life: ● Why can’t we evolve his/her life back, what is missing → if claim of no Creator is true and world just evolved – Then science should be able to produce life out of dead – Reality is → science can’t even produce the most basic life form; an amoeba, which is a single-cell organism → medical students pay attention :)● Hence, argument of no Creator is refuted 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 17
  18. 18. Hence, Creator● So we can safely say there exists a Creator by using simple rationality to refute position that Creator does not exist 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 18
  19. 19. Western Ideas Pushing Science in Wrong Direction (1/2)● What is infinite? – Can we say finite is very very large number? ● Infinite – x > answer (where x is a positive number) – Infinite > infinite (flawed) – Can we say finite is very very small number?● What is limitless?● Can there be Infinite Set? 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 19
  20. 20. Western Ideas Pushing Science in Wrong Direction (2/2)● Set – A set in mathematics is a collection of well defined and distinct objects, considered as an object in its own right● Infinite Set – In set theory, an infinite set is a set that is not a finite set. Infinite sets may be countable or uncountable 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 20
  21. 21. Science & Myths● Cause and effect? – Existence of universe is cause, whats the effect?● Difference between Theory and Law – Theory cannot be treated equal to law● Experiments shall be re-do able to prove conclusion – Very important aspect 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 21
  22. 22. Examples● Ibrahim AS belief on Allah – Could be explained through proof by contradiction● Imam Abu Hanifa was once asked by an atheist, – "Is there any proof that God exists?" he replied, "Forget it! At the moment, I am busy thinking about this ship. People tell me there is a big ship; it contains different goods on board. There is no one to steer it, no one maintaining it. Yet, this ship keeps going back and forth; it even traverses big waves on the oceans; it stops at the locations that it is supposed to stop at; it continues in the direction that it is supposed to head. This ship has no captain and no one planning its trips." The atheist who posed the question interrupted and exclaimed, "What kind of strange and silly thought is this? How can any intelligent person think that some thing like this can occur?" – Imam Abu Hanifa said, "I feel sorry about your state! You cannot imagine one ship running without some one looking after its affairs. Yet you think that for this whole world, which runs exactly and precisely, there is no one who looks after it, and no one owns it." 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 22
  23. 23. Concept of Creator● Three alternate explanations of a Creator – He is created by someone else, or ● Becoming limited → creation only (then, not a Creator) – He is the Creator of himself, or ● Can’t be Creator & creation (limited) together – If universe was created by another universe then cycle must terminate otherwise that becomes non-sense → for the termination of cycle we require eternal and self- sustaining entity – He is eternal, self-sustaining ● Always existed, so was never created, hence not a creation but a Creator → limitless ● Therefore, Creator can’t be limited inside objects such as idols, moon, sun, fire → all such objects are limited 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 23
  24. 24. Saying about Nature● Imam Shaafi said, – "The leaves of Toot (berries) are all but one. Each leaf tastes exactly the same. Insects, honey bees, cows, goats, and deer live off of it. After eating these the insects produce silk; bees produce honey; deer give musk (a special kind of scent), cows and goats deliver off-springs. Is this not clear evidence that one kind of leaf has so many qualities, and who created these qualities? It is the Khaliq (Creator) who we call Allah (swt)) Who is the Inventor and the Creator." 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 24
  25. 25. Exercise/Test for Audience● What is the weight & density of Creator?● Everything is Science so why we need concept of Creator? – Principles are being followed● Is Time limited? 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 25
  26. 26. Creator, What Next? (1/2)● We are limited – We cannot measure or comprehend limitless object which is beyond our senses and mental faculty ● Mind is limited – But we can sense existence through His other creations – So, we can sense presence of Creator through emotion and mind ● Only emotion can lead us astray → can commit a shirk ● Thinking from mind corrects the trigger from emotion 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 26
  27. 27. Creator, What Next? (2/2)● Since we can’t comprehend Creator even though we can prove His existence – We cannot know more about Him until He communicates with us 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 27
  28. 28. Communication Possibilities● Talks with all of us directly – Don’t see it happening, ruled out● Sends someone to talk with us (Messenger) – If Messenger dies than what about rest of people?● Sends a written material (Book) – How will we know about the book?● Sends someone to talk with us along with written material (Messenger & Book) – Messenger would be reachable and understandable – Book would preserve commands when Messenger is no more with us 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 28
  29. 29. Look for Messenger/Book● We can only find limited number of popular claims for messenger-ship and Book from Creator – Popular is important because Creator’s message cannot be unpopular since it is for everyone – We don’t observe an all time living messenger – We don’t see an independent Book either● Only possibility remains Messenger along with Book 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 29
  30. 30. Messenger● Messenger must be from humans so humans can learn● We found Muhammad SAW with Book – Without inconsistencies in the Book (unlike Bible) 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 30
  31. 31. Proof of Quran● The only possible sources for the Qur’an are: – The Arabs – Muhammad (SAW) himself – Non Arabs – Allah (SWT) 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 31
  32. 32. Not from Arab● Arabs were given challenge and they could not counter it – "Say, bring ten surahs like unto it." [Hud: 13] – "Say, bring one surah like unto it." [Yunus: 38]● Shortest chapter is Al-Kawthar 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 32
  33. 33. Not from Muhammad SAW● He was also an Arab, and if Arabs can’t produce it then Muhammad SAW can not produce it too – He was part of same community and learned from similar environment, if Muhammad produced it then others can also produce similar book – Even if we observe speech of Muhammad SAW in saheeh ahadith we find a different style of speech than what is of Quran – At times, he SAW said verse of Quran and hadith on same occasion (but in different style of speech) → linguists are welcome to verify this :)● Even the Arabs never said it was from Muhammad SAW because they knew it can’t be him 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 33
  34. 34. Not from Non-Arab● Arabs said it’s from from a Christian youth called Jabr● Quran itself refuted it beautifully – "We know indeed that they say it is a man that taught him. The tongue of him they wickedly point to is notably foreign, while this is Arabic, pure and clear." [An-Nahl: 103] 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 34
  35. 35. It is from Creator (1/2)● Since other possibilities are ruled out then it must be from Allah● Important points – Unchanged book from many years – Giving us knowledge that is only getting uncovered now such as science (you can find works of scholars on this) – Giving us complete way of life (not incomplete command) ● Commands on marriage, eatables, economics, politics, war, etc. – Poetic in nature (even introduced poetic style that begins with single alphabet such as Noon) ● Arabs used to produce poetry by taking a break in dessert 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 35
  36. 36. It is from Creator (2/2)● Noon walqalami wama yasturoon ‫ن والقلم وما يسطرون‬ Ma anta biniAAmati rabbika ٍ ُ‫ْجَ ْجَ ْجَ مِ مِ ُنْ ْجَ مِ ْجَ كِّ ْجَ مِ ْجَ ُنْ نو‬ ‫ما أتنت بنعمة ربك بمجننون‬ bimajnoon [Al-Qalam: 1-2]● "Do they not ponder about the Qur’an? If it had come from other than God they would surely have found therein much contradictions." [An-Nisa: 82] 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 36
  37. 37. Why Muhammad (SAW) is Messenger● Since he SAW proclaimed the book proven to be from Creator – So rationally the person who brings book from Creator would be messenger – Furthermore, Quran states Muhammad SAW as messenger 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 37
  38. 38. Now What?● Since we proved – Creator is Allah – Muhammad is Messenger – Book is Quran● Now we need to follow what Quran says and what Messenger told and showed 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 38
  39. 39. Exercise/Test for Audience● How can we prove existence of Angels?● What Ahkam (orders) can we explain using rationality? – Can we explain why Pork is Haram rationally? – Yes or No, in both cases why? 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 39
  40. 40. Conclusion● Our belief in Allah, Messenger and Book is rational● We follow what Book & Messenger say even if our mind can’t comprehend because we rationally proved we are limited and we can’t comprehend every detail by our-self● Our belief is totally rational and we rationally inferred that whatever Quran & Messenger say is true by proving both to be from Creator 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 40
  41. 41. Questions ??? 26, Nov., 2012 NUIG 41