Reading Strategies

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Pre-Reading and During-Reading annotation strategies for improving comprehension

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Reading Strategies

  1. 1. Reading Comprehension Strategies What good readers do to understand what they read
  2. 2. Pre-Reading Strategies <ul><li>Setting yourself up for success </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Read with a Purpose <ul><li>This is basic, but critical - ask, “why am I reading this?” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you have a purpose, you will improve your focus! </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. For assigned readings: <ul><li>Is it part of a class lesson? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask yourself, how does this reading connect with what we are studying? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is there a key question the reading will answer? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the reading has a question you must answer, read the question(s) first - they will guide you to focus on the key points. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Don’t be afraid to ask a teacher to explain the goal of the reading! </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2. Focus on the Main Ideas <ul><li>Turn headings into questions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Headings introduce sections; by previewing headings, you can identify the main ideas each section will focus on. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Turn your questions into main ideas. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By reviewing the key questions you created, you can develop a ‘preview’ of the material. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. During Reading Strategies Reading with a focus
  7. 7. Note when you… <ul><li>1. Ask clarifying questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These are Qs that you ask while reading, to understand it better. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you read actively, Qs will “pop up” based on what you’re reading - who, what, where, when, and why are standard ones. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perhaps something doesn’t make sense… </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>2. React to something you read </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often, as we read, details interest or surprise us, or evoke an emotion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Noting these points helps keep us focused on the material. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>3. Make connections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If there is a key question / main purpose for the reading, note details that connect with it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch for information that answers any clarifying questions you asked. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connect the information to what you already know, and personal experiences. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>4. Form extension questions and ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As you read, note ideas that strike you, thoughts that are inspired by what you read. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perhaps the reading connects with an interest you have, or raises curiosity about a topic, or something you’d like to try… </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Remember: <ul><li>Good readers do these things naturally - it just takes practice. </li></ul><ul><li>You won’t use all the strategies all the time. The key is to THINK about what you’re reading WHILE you read it. </li></ul>

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