6. battles for richmond


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6. battles for richmond

  1. 1. Advance on Richmond, Virginia March 1862- September 1862
  2. 2. The Union began the Peninsular Campaign  Union General George B McClellan planned to attack the Confederate capital of Richmond from the east, across the Virginia Peninsula
  3. 3. President Lincoln wanted an offensive that would attack from Washington DC  Union General McClellan thought that they had an advantage going in from the coast, that resistance would be weak
  4. 4. McClellan started to assemble an army at Ft Monroe, a Union-held fort on the peninsula
  5. 5. Confederate General Magruder was crafty  He quickly built up defensive lines  He succeeded in fooling the Union army into thinking he had many more men then the 13,000 he actually commanded
  6. 6. Siege at Yorktown  McClellan delayed marching toward Richmond  Lincoln urged him on through telegram  The confederate army was increasing reinforcements under Johnston
  7. 7. Battle at Fair Oaks May 1862  Mclellan decided to split his army  Confederate General Johnston attacked with 75,000 troops  They battled for days with no winner  Confederates chose a new General: Robert E Lee
  8. 8. Robert E. Lee  Most respected of all Confederate generals  On June 1 he took command of the Army of Northern Virginia  Union forces were 10 miles from Richmond
  9. 9. The Seven Days’ Campaign  Lee strengthened the city and planned to attack  He ordered Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson bring his army up from the south  The two armies clashed in a small town called Mechanicsville in the first of five battles  Each battle saw the Union army retreat a little more
  10. 10. Union forces were pushed back  The Union had to abandon the plan of taking Richmond, the priority was to save the army  Lee pursued the enemy but was unable to deliver a decisive blow because of poor weather and exhausted troops
  11. 11. Lee’s army saves Richmond  In only one week he had lost a quarter of his army  McClellan had missed his chance to take Richmond  The Union army wouldn’t get that close again to the capital again for another two years
  12. 12. Second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)  Union forces attacked Confederate soldiers on August 29th  Robert E Lee’s army held their ground and continued their success  It was a complete victory for the south
  13. 13. Lee starts his invasion of the north  Lee felt he could take the initiative: he would invade the north and win another decisive victory there  For the first time in the Civil War the south would be the aggressive force