10. the battle of gettysburg

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10. the battle of gettysburg

  1. 1. The Battle of Gettysburg July 1st - July 3rd 1863
  2. 2. Battle of Gettysburg The fighting at Gettysburg was the largest and most famous battle of the Civil War. It marked the South’s greatest advance into the North - and the beginning of its eventual defeat
  3. 3. Before the Battle • Confederates had inflicted a bloody defeat of the Union at Fredericksburg, VA. In December, 1862 • North was defeated again in the Battle of Chancellorsville, VA April 30-May 6, 1863
  4. 4. Before the Battle • Confederate General Robert E. Lee decides to invade the North for a second time in Spring-Early Summer ‘63: – To gain supplies – To pull Union forces away from Vicksburg, Mississippi which was under siege and expected to surrender soon – He hoped that a decisive victory would force the Union to surrender before Vicksburg fell
  5. 5. Gettysburg
  6. 6. Day 1 • Confederate soldiers led by A.P. Hill went on a search for shoes in Gettysburg, attacked by Union troops • 90,000 Union troops took the field against 75,000 Confederates • Confederates take control over the town of Gettysburg
  7. 7. Day 2 • Lee orders General James Longstreet to attack at Cemetery Ridge • Confederate soldiers attack at an unprotected Union hill known as Little Round Top • Union leaders send Colonel Joshua L. Chamberlain and his men to defend Little Round Top • Because Chamberlain was running low on fuel, he ordered his men to attack the Confederates with fixed bayonets. This surprise attack left Confederates surrendering in droves.
  8. 8. Day 3 • Lee felt could break Union defenses, because Union weakened • Lee ordered an artillery barrage at the middle of Union lines mid afternoon • • PICKETT’S CHARGE - Longstreet, confident the barrage had silenced Union guns, ordered Confederate troops to attack the center of the Union lines behind a stone wall. • Northern artillery resumed its fire and crippled the Confederate attackers, only a handful of which made it to the stone wall. • Lee sent General Jeb Stuart’s forces to surprise attack Union General Meade’s forces.
  9. 9. Day 3 • Lee had made an uncharacteristic error, as the Confederates lay defeated he ordered his men to retreat back south • The Confederacy never again threatened the Northern capital
  10. 10. After the Battle • More than 23,000 Union casualties and 28,000 Confederate Casualties • Lee turned in his resignation which Jefferson Davis did not accept • The North won the Battle of Vicksburg exactly one day after the Battle of Gettysburg ended, on July 4th, 1863
  11. 11. The Gettysburg Address • Four months later President Lincoln visited the battle site and gave what would become his most famous speech
  12. 12. Significance of Gettysburg • Turning point in the war • Crippled South so badly, Lee never invaded Northern states again • Gettysburg Address helped the nation realize it was not just a collection of individual states

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