==== ====If you suffer from back pain or spasms you should protect your back and here are some tips.http://bit.ly/yeMEO3==== ====Lower back pain is one of the leading reasons people in the United States visit their doctors. It willinhibit the lives of millions of Americans this year. In fact, an average four out of five adults willexperience low back pain at some point in their lives. So the question, "What is causing my lowerback pain?" is not uncommon.Lower back pain can be excruciating. It can be caused by a large variety of injuries or conditions,such as:* lower back muscles may be strained* discs between the vertebrae may be injured* large nerve roots extending to arms and legs may be irritated* smaller nerves that supply the lower back spine may be irritated* joints, ligaments, or even bones may be injuredWhen lower back pain occurs with other symptoms such as fever and chills, a serious medicalcondition may be present. You should see a doctor immediately.Three categories of lower back painYour lower back pain will fall into one of three categories, which your doctor bases on yourdescription of the pain.1. Axial lower back pain - mechanical or simple back pain2. Radicular lower back pain - sciatica3. Lower back pain with referred pain1. Axial Lower Back PainAxial lower back pain is the most common of the three. It is felt only in the lower back area with nopain radiating to other parts of the body. It is sometimes called mechanical back pain or simpleback pain.* Description: Axial lower back pain can vary greatly. It may be sharp or dull, constant or
intermittent. On a scale of 1 to 10, you may rate its intensity #1 or a full #10. It may increase withcertain activity - when playing tennis, for example. It may worsen in certain positions - such assitting at a desk. It may or may not be relieved by rest.* Diagnosis: Axial lower back pain might be diagnosed by you rather than your physician. Youknow it started when you were helping a friend move a heavy couch. On the other hand, it may beyour doctor who determines that you have strained or otherwise damaged back muscles, have adegenerated disc, etc.* Treatment: The cause of your axial lower back pain does not matter when it comes to treatment.You will want to rest for a day or two. Follow this by gentle back pain exercises and stretching. Ifyou have more pain after exercise, use a heating pad on low or medium setting. Take anappropriate over-the-counter pain medication. Follow your doctors advice.* Prognosis: Symptoms of axial lower back pain disappear with time, and about 90% of patientsrecover within four to six weeks. If you do not feel better within six to eight weeks, additionaltesting and/or injections may be needed to diagnose and treat the source of the pain.* Caution: If your pain is chronic, or so severe that it awakens you during the night, see yourdoctor.2. Radicular Lower Back PainRadicular lower back pain is commonly referred to as sciatica. It is felt in the lower back area,thighs, and legs.* Description: Radicular lower back pain often begins in the lower back, and then follows a specificnerve path into the thighs and legs. Your leg pain may be much worse than your back pain. It isoften deep and steady. It may readily be reproduced with certain activities and positions, such assitting or walking.* Diagnosis: Radicular lower back pain is caused by compression of the lower spinal nerve. Themost common cause is a herniated disc with compression of the nerve. Other causes might bediabetes or injury to the nerve root. If you had previous back surgery, scar tissue may be affectingthe nerve root. Elderly adults may have a narrowing of the hole through which the spinal nerveexits.* Treatment: Conservative treatment is the best place to begin. Rest for a few days in a bed orchair. Follow this by gradual introduction of gentle exercises specifically for back pain relief. Followyour exercise with additional rest, applying a heating pad on low to medium setting. Soak daily inEpsom salts baths. Take an appropriate over-the-counter pain medication. Your doctor may wantto use selective spinal injections.* Prognosis: Symptoms of radicular low back pain may decrease with the conservative treatmentoutlined above. Give your back and legs six to eight weeks to improve. If surgery is needed afterthat, it typically provides relief of the leg pain for 85% to 90% of patients. The back pain itself ismore difficult to relieve.