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    socio-economic description of the informal settlements in Cape Town socio-economic description of the informal settlements in Cape Town Presentation Transcript

    • URBAN WATER AND SANITATION IN THE INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS OF CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA David Castellano Fàbrega MsC Thesis Urban Environmental Management Supported by Wageningen University, Vitens International & Water Services Department of Cape Town
    • Presentation Structure
      • 1 st Part: (45 min.)
        • Socio-Economic description
        • Joe Slovo Video
        • Demand assessment & service delivery
      • 2 nd Part: (45 min.)
        • Photographic summary
        • Algorythm for sanitation technology choice and service delivery
    • Background project
      • Objective:
        • Improve the provision of water & sanitation services to the informal settlements in Cape Town
        • Based on the:
        • UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
        • which targets:
        • to reduce by half the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation.
    • Background project
      • Partnership:
        • Water Services Department of Cape Town:
          • Responsible for water & sanitation service delivery
          • Unable to effectively manage the needs for water & sanitation in the Informal Settlements
        • Vitens International:
          • Public water supply company from the Netherlands
          • Non-for-profit International arm willing to contribute to the MDGs
          • Provides high quality experience & knowledge in Urban water supply management
        • Urban Environment Group (UE) at Wageningen University:
          • Provides scientific & technical knowledge in sustainable management of the urban environment as well as an excellent research and project oriented network
    • Socio-Economy
      • Cape Town Location
      • Recent History
      • Population
        • Growth
        • Immigration
      • Informal Settlements
        • Location
        • Density
        • Culture
      • Socio-Economic distribution
      • Poverty
      • Unemployment
      • Health
    • Socio-Economic description
    • Location
    • Recent History
      • 1948 National Party (white) wins general elections – Apartheid
      • 1950 The Group Areas Act and the Population Registration Act (which officially divided South Africans into 'White', 'Coloured', 'Asian' or 'Native')
      • 1966 District Six was declared a "White Group Area". Slum clearance. About 150000 people (mostly Coloureds and Africans) were forced to move to residential areas on the Cape Flats
      • 1972-1975 Emergence of various shanty towns
      • 1985 The State of Emergency declared by government. Thousands were detained, some without trial
      • 1991 The Group Areas Act was abolished
      • 1994 First national and provincial democratic elections.
      • 1995 The removal of statutory discrimination
    • Population 69.1 63.9 64.8 City population as % of Western Cape 4,745,500 4,524,335 3,956,875 Western Cape Province 3,278,782 2,893,251 2,563,095 City of Cape Town 2006 2001 Census 1996 Census
    • Expected Population Growth Aver. % Growth 2001-2006 2,5 2006-2016 1,3 2006-2031 0,4
    • Immigration
    • Informal Settlements
    • Informal Dwellings
    • Population density
    • Socio-Economic Distribution
    • Socio-Economic Distribution
    • Socio-Economic Distribution
    • Poverty More than 35% of the Households lives below the poverty line Earning less than R 1600 /month
    • Unemployment
    • Health TB/HIV
      • The video production you are about to view, was sponsored by the City of Cape Town as part of their presentation at the World Summit on Sustainable Development, 2002.
    •