The government cannot copyright any printed material.
Any work is copyrighted immediately after it is produced…no paperwork necessary.
A copyright’s protection lasts for the life of the author plus an additional seventy years.
About 1/4 of the U.S. economy is based on the licensed sale of products protected by intellectual property (IP) law.
Copyrighted movies, TV shows, music, books, and video games, are now the largest export of the U.S. economy.
Wilkes University Moodle. (2009). Intellectual property or imaginary property. Retrieved April 6, 2010, from http://moodle1.wilkes.edu/mod/resource/view.php?id=54813 University System of Georgia. (2009). Copyright generally . Retrieved April 7, 2010, from http:// www.usg.edu/copyright/copyright_generally/
The educational system has been provided with the broadest exemption in copyright law. This exemption is known as fair use. Fair use means that individuals can use copyrighted material as long as it is used for educational purposes, scholarly criticism, parody, or news reporting.
For a more complete look of Fair Use, click on the following link www.copyright.gov
U.S. Copyright Office. (2009). Fair Use. Retrieved April 7, 2010, from http://www. copyright.gov/fls/fl102.html
One of the best ways to determine if the educational material you are using falls under fair use is to complete the fair use checklist created by Columbia University.
The U.S. Copyright Office legally cannot interpret the law; rather it is determined by the courts. When in doubt, do not use it.
Linder. (2000). The cat not in the hat: a parody. Retrieved on April 18, 2010, from http://www.law.umkc.edu/ faculty/projects/ftrials/communications/CAT1.jpg Columbia University Libraries/Information Services. (2009). Fair use checklist . Retrieved on April 7, 2010 from http://copyright. columbia.edu/ copyright /fair-use/fair-use-checklist/
Copyright law is constantly being updated as new technology emerges. The growth of distance learning has caused additional changes to copyright law.
In 2002 Bush signed the Technology, Education, and Copyright Harmonization (TEACH) Act which provided for the use of copyrighted work by accredited nonprofit educational institutions in distance education
For more specific information click the TEACH Act
Library of Congress. (2010). Taking the mystery out of copyright . Retrieved April 18, 2010, from http://www.loc.gov/teachers/copyrightmystery/#/files/ Wilkes University Moodle. (2009). Copyright in distance education: the TEACH act. Retrieved April 12, 2010, from http://moodle1.wilkes.edu/mod/resource/view.php?id=54819
Copyright law is continually changing to meet the demands of today’s technology. Influential lobbyists are pushing to extend the terms of copyright. Users of copyrighted material are often fighting for their rights under fair use. Copyright holders are losing millions of dollars in earnings from their work due to infringement or piracy. Other copyright holders want to freely share their creations with the world. How then can teachers expect students to know what is right or wrong?
One solution: Open Content
Wilkes University Moodle. (2009). Intellectual property or imaginary property. Retrieved April 6, 2010, from http://moodle1.wilkes.edu/mod/resource/view.php?id=54813
According to opencontent.org , open content is content that is licensed in a manner that provides users with the right to make more kinds of uses than those normally permitted under the law - at no cost to the user. Essentially, the fewer copyright restrictions placed on the user of a piece of content, the more open the content is. The primary permissions or usage rights open content is concerned with are expressed in the "4Rs Framework:"
Opencontent.org. (2010). Defining “the open” in open content . Retrieved April 19, 2010, from http://www.opencontent.org/definition/
Wilkes University Moodle. (2009). Copyright enhancement, creative commons, and open content. Retrieved April 12, 2010, from http://moodle1.wilkes.edu/mod/resource/view.php?id=54820 To learn more about any open content source, please click on the icons below. The buttons will take you directly to the organization’s website.