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Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011
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Ldshake multiple-editors@asld-2011

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Hernández-Leo, D.; Abenia, P.; Moreno, P.; Chacón, J.; Blat , J. Let’s shake on it: can we support co-edition and sharing using diverse learning design editors within the same platform? Presented …

Hernández-Leo, D.; Abenia, P.; Moreno, P.; Chacón, J.; Blat , J. Let’s shake on it: can we support co-edition and sharing using diverse learning design editors within the same platform? Presented at “The Art & Science of Learning Design” Workshop, LKL, London, 13-14 October 2011
Paper available at http://www.slideshare.net/yish/asld2011-hernndezleoabeniamorenochacnbla

LdShake is a Web tool that enables the co-edition and social network-oriented sharing of learning designs created using a general rich text editor. Use cases for LdShake include joint design and sharing of learning designs in projects or communities across institutions, co-design by teams of teachers in charge of teaching the same course with different groups of students or co-creation of designs that require the integration of knowledge and skills developed by students in previous subjects with different teachers. In this workshop paper, we propose that instead of extending the general editor provided by LdShake to enhance specific aspects of its performance support for learning design, it can adopt existing learning design authoring tools which support diverse pedagogical approaches, are compliant with different computational representations or exporting formats, are specific to particular subject matters, etc. On the other hand, these existing tools are usually dispersed in different websites or product providers, and do not typically offer co-edition and social network sharing features. In the frame of this problem statement this paper poses the interest of supporting co-edition and sharing using diverse existing learning design editors within the same platform. As a proof of concept functional implementation the paper presents an extension of LdShake as an integrative platform providing two additional existing tools (WebCollage and eXeLearning) which, as a result of its integration in LdShake, are visualized within the same contextual interface and adopt the co-edition and sharing features of LdShake. The integrated whole has been shown to different stakeholders so that they could point out their opinion about the interest of such an approach and the quality of the resulting integrated interface and features

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  • LdShake is a Web tool that enables the co-edition and social network-oriented sharing of learning designs created using a general rich text editor. Use cases for LdShake include joint design and sharing of learning designs in projects or communities across institutions, co-design by teams of teachers in charge of teaching the same course with different groups of students or co-creation of designs that require the integration of knowledge and skills developed by students in previous subjects with different teachers. In this workshop paper, we propose that instead of extending the general editor provided by LdShake to enhance specific aspects of its performance support for learning design, it can adopt existing learning design authoring tools which support diverse pedagogical approaches, are compliant with different computational representations or exporting formats, are specific to particular subject matters, etc. On the other hand, these existing tools are usually dispersed in different websites or product providers, and do not typically offer co-edition and social network sharing features. In the frame of this problem statement this paper poses the interest of supporting co-edition and sharing using diverse existing learning design editors within the same platform. As a proof of concept functional implementation the paper presents an extension of LdShake as an integrative platform providing two additional existing tools (WebCollage and eXeLearning) which, as a result of its integration in LdShake, are visualized within the same contextual interface and adopt the co-edition and sharing features of LdShake. The integrated whole has been shown to different stakeholders so that they could point out their opinion about the interest of such an approach and the quality of the resulting integrated interface and features.
  • Sharing educational design ideas and cooperation between teachers and learning designers in the creation of new solutions (Hernández-Leo et al., 2007) is a challenge currently being tackled by several projects from different perspectives.
  • Glow (2010) and Agrega (Sarasa, 2009) are two important large-scale digital repositories devoted to sharing eduational resources. Besides, there are approaches focused on supporting the sharing of learning designs, which go beyond educational content and include the definition of activities flows. The AUTC project (2003) established a portal gathering the learning designs resulting from the project. LAMS (2010) has also made available a central repository that facilitates the sharing of LAMS sequences. Elferink et al. (2007) developed a distributed repository specifically dedicated to activities compliant with the IMS Learning Design specification. Moreover, there are tools that exploit the potential of the Web2.0 to support social networking in the sharing of learning designs (Conole et al., 2008).
  • While all these approaches provide relevant products that support sharing of resources, they do not present facilities for the collaborative creation of learning designs.
  • LdShake, which stands for “Learning design Solutions – Sharing and K(c)o-edition”, is a Web tool or platform enabling teachers to create and share learning designs . The first version of this tool provided a general rich text editor and has been used in real situations and controlled user studies. For detailed information on the design of the tool, use cases motivating its development, references to related literature, etc., please refer to (Hernández-Leo et al., 2011; Hernández-Leo et al., submitted). --------- (LdShakers) can create and share learning designs with other LdShakers using different access rights so that they can read, comment or co-edit the designs. Therefore, each design solution has associated a group of LdShakers able of working in its definition, and a group of LdShakers that can only see the design. The designs can be also directly shared with all the members of the LdShake community, or published so that they can be publicly accessed through a URL.
  • LdShake, which stands for “Learning design Solutions – Sharing and K(c)o-edition”, is a Web tool or platform enabling teachers to create and share learning designs . The first version of this tool provided a general rich text editor and has been used in real situations and controlled user studies. For detailed information on the design of the tool, use cases motivating its development, references to related literature, etc., please refer to (Hernández-Leo et al., 2011; Hernández-Leo et al., submitted). --------- (LdShakers) can create and share learning designs with other LdShakers using different access rights so that they can read, comment or co-edit the designs. Therefore, each design solution has associated a group of LdShakers able of working in its definition, and a group of LdShakers that can only see the design. The designs can be also directly shared with all the members of the LdShake community, or published so that they can be publicly accessed through a URL.
  • LdShake enables learning designers or teachers to create and share learning design solutions (LdS) with other teachers (LdShakers) using different access rights so that they can read, comment or co-edit the designs (see the sharing bottom in Fig.1 f). Thus, each design solution has associated a group of teachers able of working on its edition (LdShakers with write access) and another group that can only see the design (LdShakers with viewing rights). The LdS are organized in listings that are accessible through links in a top bar ( Fig.1 b). My LdS displays the LdS of which the user is the starter and to the ones (s)he has writing access. Browse LdS lists all the LdS the user can read and comment. In those listings the tags associated to the LdS are shown, so that users can filter the LdS by selecting one of these tags. Editors can add tags to the LdS using a dialog box ( Fig.1 e) that is bellow the title of the design ( Fig.1 d). Tags can be of different types, related to the subject matter or the pedagogical approach, and to an indication of the granularity and completeness of the design according to the framework proposed in (Hernández-Leo et al., 2007). The profile of the LdShakers (listing of LdShakers accessible via the link shown in Fig.1 c) also displays the LdS that the LdShaker started and to which the user has access. As mentioned before, the designs can be commented and the comments are available for all the users that can view the design. The co-editions performed to an LdS are registered and can be visualized using a graphical representation that facilitates the tracking of changes by users and time. Moreover, the designs can be published so that a URL associated to that LdS is accessible outside the platform. The LdS can be also downloaded; the format depends on the editor in which the designs have been created.
  • high degree of ownership and control with content, methods and interpretation of curriculum
  • One of the real cases of LdShake are the “Integrated Biomedicine” courses included in the new curriculums of the Faculty of Health and Life Sciences of Pompeu Fabra University. These courses are organized around the Problem-Based Learning methodology. Each problem and associated application guide need to be designed by a team of teachers from the different areas of expertise (Biochemistry, Physics, Physiology…) whose related knowledge and skills are expected to be integrated and applied by the students in the resolution of the problem. The teachers involved in these courses use LdShake for co-creating and sharing the problems.
  • Another case in which LdShake is used involves a community of teachers from 20 high schools distributed among the region of Catalonia. The community, “ Biologia en context ” - officially recognized by the government of Catalonia, is devoted to create and share educational materials that promote the situated learning of Biology topics. In this second case, the teachers appreciate the co-edition, commenting and sharing facilities of LdShake but they are not fully satisfied with the editor provided. In particular, some of them claimed that for some activities they use eXeLearning (eXe, 2011) – an editor to which they are already familiar and that enables them the creation of specific web learning designs.
  • There exists multiple learning design tools addressing different requirements or design principles that depend on the characteristics of didactics or subject matters, the pedagogical methods, the provision of reusable building blocks or templates, the exporting formats so that they are compliant with the learning system and devices they have available to use with their students, institutional practices, etc. (Griffiths et al., 2005; Britain, 2007, Neumann et al., 2010). Teachers may face diverse educational situations in which they would require different learning design editors (e.g., designing an activity for assessment in situ using mobile phones, designing rich collaborative activities that promote positive interdependence and individual accountability in a face-to-face scenario with the support of computers, designing a game for revising concepts at home, etc.). Besides, the existing tools are dispersed in websites or product providers, and sometimes they might be even unknown by the practitioners. Moreover, most of these tools do not offer co-edition and social network sharing features.
  • In the frame of this problem statement this paper poses the interest of providing teachers and learning designers with an integrated environment where they can use a collection of existing tools, and within which they can co-edit and share the designs created using any of the tools, in the context of the same environment. To show the feasibility of this position statement, the paper presents an extension of LdShake acting as an integrative platform for multiple learning design editors, visualized in the same contextual interface and which can take advantage of the co-edition and sharing features of LdShake. The resulting integrated whole can blend together features responding to the different types of design principles for performance support systems pointed out in (McKenney, 2008); considering some of these principles in the integrated authoring tools and others in the LdShake platform. In particular, as a proof of concept, two existing learning design tools, which do not natively provide co-editing and sharing support, have been integrated. This new version of LdShake has been shown to different stakeholders in a workshop where they pointed out their opinion about the interest of such an approach and the quality of the resulting integrated interface.
  • The first releases of LdShake included a Rich Text editor with similar capacities of a mid-range word processor. Now it has been extended so that communities of users have a choice of three editors (more editors could be integrated in the future) for the co-edition and sharing of diverse types of designs. The integrated editors are WebCollage and eXeLearning. WebCollage is an extension of Collage, a pattern-based collaborative learning design editor compliant with IMS Learning Design (Hernández-Leo et al., 2006), which is now Web and incorporates assessment patterns (Villasclaras et al., 2009). eXeLearning is a popular editor for the edition of web learning activities (eXe, 2011). The Rich Text editor, WebCollage and eXeLearning can be used in the context of LdShake following the same approach concerning sharing and co-edition since the above mentioned features are supported by these editors when used within the LdShake platform.
  • The LdShake tool integrating WebCollage and eXeLearning was recently shown in a two-hour open workshop in Barcelona. A total of 25 participants were present in the workshop. The profile of 5 of them was not available, but the data completed in the registration forms of the remainder of the participants (20) show that the workshop involved different stakeholders coming mainly from Education and the Industry, with some (but limited) participation of the Administration. The profiles of the participants belonging to the same stakeholder type were also varied. 10 participants were educators of diverse subject matters, educational levels (3 school teachers, 2 university professors, 5 postgraduate and continuous training educators) and institutions (none of them came from the same school, university or continuous education provider, there were private and public institutions). 9 of the participants came from the Industry (8 different organizations of different sizes, from a large consultancy company to small enterprises) and 1 participant belonged to the Administration (city council). After a short introduction to LdShake, the participants used the sharing and co-editing features of the platform, completing a set of tasks that required them to create, share, comment and modify learning designs in the Rich Text editor. After the familiarization with the general framework of LdShake and the use of the conventional editor, a brief demonstration of how to use WebCollage and eXeLearning in the context of LdShake was performed. None of the participants had seen WebCollage before, but some of them had already used eXeLearning. Participants were informed that each authoring tool would require a devoted familiarization workshop but that the sharing and co-editing features of LdShake were analogous to that used with the Rich Text editor. Then, participants were proposed to either continue using the conventional editor or to complete similar tasks (as the set proposed at the beginning using the Rich Text editor) using WebCollage or/and eXeLearning. After this activity they were requested to fill in a questionnaire expressing their opinion about LdShake and the integration of the diverse learning design editors. The participants saw as positive and encouraging the opportunity provided by LdShake for the collaboration of teachers in the joint creation and sharing of learning designs. The majority valued as “useful” or “very useful” the sharing and co-editing options of LdShake, being the creation of groups, the commenting facility, the use of tags to organize the designs, the sharing polices and the visualization of the change history the most valued features. 18 participants rated as “very useful” that LdShake incorporates different types of learning design editors, 6 of them rated this aspect as “useful” and 1 did not answer this question. 20 participants decided to use WebCollage or/and eXeLearning in the second half of the workshop, while 5 preferred to keep exploring the general features of LdShake and the Rich TexT editor. When asked about the quality level of the integration achieved regarding the visualization and use of the editors in the context of LdShake, 5 of them indicated that it has been “very well” achieved and 13 as “quite well” achieved. Two of them said that “it seemed as if the editors were part of LdShake, what facilitates usability…” and some of them also agreed on that “the more editors LdShake incorporates, the more options we have…”, “the fact that it incorporates several editors and publication/exporting formats facilitates the sharing of the designs and the direct work with the students - if the editors/formats integrated are compatible with the learning environment we use with our students…” Another participant also indicated that “more editors would be needed since the ones currently integrated are not suitable for some educational situations”.
  • “ it seemed as if the editors were part of LdShake, what facilitates usability…” and some of them also agreed on that “the more editors LdShake incorporates, the more options we have…”, “the fact that it incorporates several editors and publication/exporting formats facilitates the sharing of the designs and the direct work with the students - if the editors/formats integrated are compatible with the learning environment we use with our students…” Another participant also indicated that “more editors would be needed since the ones currently integrated are not suitable for some educational situations”
  • This position statement has pointed out the interest of providing practitioners with support for co-edition and sharing using diverse existing learning design editors within the same platform. It has proposed LdShake as an integrative platform that offers features enabling users to co-edit and share designs created with different authoring tools. As a proof of concept functional implementation a new version of LdShake has been developed. It integrates two existing editors, eXeLearning and WebCollage. The integration of eXeLearning was an emerging requirement of a real application case (“ Biologia en context ”) where LdShake is being used. The integration of WebCollage shows that the approach can be followed with more existing editors. Different stakeholders, who had the opportunity to use LdShake in an open workshop, appreciated the features of LdShake and valued positively that it integrates several authoring tools maintaining the appearance of the LdShake context and benefiting from its general co-editing and sharing features. Future work includes the use and evaluation of the extended version of LdShake with multiple editors in the “ Biologia en context ” case along the new academic year.
  • - How teachers share in closed communities
  • Transcript

    • 1. Davinia Hernández-Leo, Pablo Abenia, Pau Moreno, Jonathan Chacón, Josep Blat Let’s shake on it : can we support co-edition and sharing using diverse learning design editors within the same platform? Presented at “The Art & Science of Learning Design” Workshop, LKL, London, 13-14 October 2011 Paper available at http://www.slideshare.net/yish/asld2011-hernndez-leoabeniamorenochacnblat http://gti.upf.edu GTI group, ICT Dept, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain Contact: . [email_address]
    • 2. Initial challenges tackled by LdShake:
        • Sharing educational design ideas
        • Cooperation between teachers in the creation of new learning design solutions
      Being tackled by several projects from different perspectives…
    • 3. Some existing approaches, including
        • Large scale digital repositories
          • Glow, Agrega
        • Sharing of learning designs (activity flows beyond “content”)
          • AUTC, LAMS, OpenDocument.net
        • Social networking support for the sharing of design ideas
          • Cloudworks
    • 4. Challenges
        • Sharing educational design ideas
        • Cooperation between teachers in the creation of new solutions
      Repositories Social networks Editors Authoring Sharing Partial solutions for the collaborative creation of designs
    • 5.
      • Authoring + social network + repository
    • 6.
      • L earning d esign s olutions Sha ring and c( k )o- e dition
      Hernández-Leo, D., Lauren, R., Carralero, M.A., Chacón, J., Carrió, M., Moreno, P., Blat, J. LdShake: Learning design solutions sharing and co-edition, Computers & Education, 57(4), 2011, p. 2249-2260 .
      • http://ldshake.upf.edu
      • Several instances:
      • ldshake.upf.edu/abp
      • ldshake.upf.edu/biologia
      • ldshake.upf.edu/master
      • ldshake.upf.edu/demo
    • 7. Main features
      • Start and share LdS using different access rights
      • General rich text editor + tags (related to learning design aspects)
      • Read, comment, co-edit LdS
      • Visual history of changes
      • Publication (URL, PDF …)
      • MyLdS, BrowseLdS, network of LdShakers
      • Direct messages to LdShakers
    • 8. Some characteristics when compared with related work
      • Sharing design ideas vs. co-creation of design solutions
      • Author decides who will be able to “follow” her/him (not the “followers”)
      • Teamwork within institutions vs. fully open collaboration
    • 9. Case 1: “Integrated Biomedice” courses
      • LdShake used in the context of the Biology and Medicine studies at UPF, Barcelona
      • Courses where students are expected to integrate the knowledge and skills developed in previous subjects
      • Teams of teachers from different disciplines (Bio-chemistry, Anatomy, Genetics, Pharmacology, …) need to work together in the design of problem-based learning solutions
    • 10. Case 2: “Biologia en context”
      • Community of 20 high schools in Catalonia
      • Create and share learning designs that promote the situated learning of Biology topics
      • Appreciate the co-edition, commenting and sharing facilities of LdShake
      • But not fully satisfied with the editor provided and claimed that for some activities they were using eXeLearning…
    • 11. But there are multiple learning design tools!
      • Supporting diverse pedagogical approaches,
      • compliant with different computational representations or exporting formats, displayed in different devices,
      • specific to particular subject matters,
      • etc.
      • (tools usually dispersed, do not typically offer co-edition and social network sharing features)
      Teachers may face diverse educational situations in which they would require different learning design editors New challenge to LdShake:
    • 12. LdShake as an integrative environment
      • Including a collection of existing ld tools
      • Same contextual interface
      • Same approaches to co-edit and share (features of LdShake)
      • Proof of concept:
        • Integration of eXeLearning and WebCollage (see references in paper)
    • 13. WebCollage within LdShake
    • 14. eXeLearning within LdShake
    • 15. Is the approach of interest?
      • According to different stakeholders, after a hands-on workshop with LdShake multiple editors
        • LdShake incorporates different types of learning design editors: 18 rated “very useful”, 6 as “useful” and 1 did not answer this question
        • Quality level of the integration achieved regarding the visualization and use of the editors in the context of LdShake: 5 “very well”, 13 as “quite well”
    • 16. Is the approach of interest?
        • “ it seemed as if the editors were part of LdShake, what facilitates usability…”
        • “ The more editors LdShake incorporates, the more options we have…”
        • “ More editors would be needed since the ones currently integrated are not suitable for some educational situations”
    • 17. Summarizing
      • Pointing out the interest of providing practitioners with support for
        • co-edition and
        • sharing
        • using diverse editors
        • within the same platform
      • LdShake as the integrative platform
      • Real requirement from a use case
      • Proof of concept and feasibility with two editors
    • 18. Regarding the “multiple editors approach”, currently working on…
      • Use of LdShake multiple editors in “Biologia en context” case
      • Formulating the integration approach so that external parties can integrate in LdShake other learning design editors, benefiting from the LdShake functionalities
      • But other general issues of LdShake needs to be further explored … (follow us in http://ldshake.upf.edu )
    • 19. Many thanks!!! Contact: davinia.hernandez@upf.edu You’re also invited to use LdShake! http://ldshake.upf.edu (demo site, multiple editors, or requesting a devoted instance for a pilot ! )

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