• Save
The constitution
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

The constitution

  • 588 views
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
588
On Slideshare
547
From Embeds
41
Number of Embeds
2

Actions

Shares
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 41

http://moodle.ncvps.org 27
http://ncvps.mrooms.net 14

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. The Constitution
  • 2. I. The Constitution as a Framework for Government• A. The Preamble—introduction to the Constitution that identifies certain ideas that the government should stand for; states purpose of the document
  • 3. I. The Constitution as a Framework for Government• B. The Articles—Seven Sections that follow the Preamble – 1. Article One —structure, power, responsibilities of Legislative Branch, the qualifications for members, elections and terms of office • a. Structure of Congress—bicameral legislature (House and Senate)
  • 4. I. The Constitution as a Framework for Government • b. Powers of Congress—Enumerated (Expressed: named specifically in the Constitution) – i. Passes laws – ii. Regulates interstate commerce and international trade – iii. Declares war – iv. Coins money – v. Raise and support the army – vi. Establish a postal system – vii. Assists the President in foreign affairs – viii. Approves the President’s appointments to high office
  • 5. I. The Constitution as a Framework for Government • c. Powers of Congress— Implied powers —provided by the “necessary and proper clause” – Also referred to as the “elastic clause” • d. impeachment- one of Congress’s powers is the power to impeach- to accuse a government official of wrongdoing, put them on trial, and if necessary remove them from office
  • 6. I. The Constitution as a Framework for Government– 2. Article Two—structure, power, responsibilities of the Executive Branch • a. Outlines the Electoral College • b. Details the powers of the President – i. Commander of the armed forces – ii. Makes treaties – iii. Appoints certain government officials – iv. Issues pardon – V. Veto laws
  • 7. I. The Constitution as a Framework for Government– 3. Article Three—structure, powers, responsibilities of the Judicial Branch (Supreme Court and Federal Court System)—Prevents the other branches from violating the Constitution • a. lists the powers of the Supreme Court and describes the kinds of cases they may hear
  • 8. I. The Constitution as a Framework for Government– 4. Article Four—explains the relationship between the states and national government • a. Article IV says that all states must respect each other’s laws, court decisions, and records – Full Faith and Credit Clause • b. It also explains the process of creating new states and it promises that the federal government will protect and defend the states
  • 9. I. The Constitution as a Framework for Government5. Article Five—explains the process for amending the Constitution • Amending the Constitution – 1. Step #1—Proposing Amendments » a. Method #1—2/3 of the members of both houses vote to propose an amendment » b. Method #2—national convention requested by 2/3 of the state legislatures vote to propose an amendment – 2. Step #2—Ratification » a. Method #1—3/4 of the state legislatures vote to approve » b. Method #2—3/4 of a vote in state conventions vote to approve
  • 10. I. The Constitution as a Framework for Government– 6. Article Six—discusses general provisions about the government • Supremacy clause – the Constitution and federal laws are supreme laws when in conflict with the states– 7. Article Seven—states that the Constitution will go into effect once nine states have ratified it.
  • 11. II. Principles of the Constitution• A. Popular Sovereignty —the people have the right to govern themselves – voting and free elections
  • 12. II. Principles of the Constitution• B. Separation of Powers —breaking government into separate each branch different powers and responsibilities – 1. Montesquieu – 2. Purpose is to help prevent abuses of power – 3. 3 branches of government – i. Legislative Branch (Congress) – ii. Executive Branch (President) – iii. Judicial Branch (Supreme Court)
  • 13. II. Principles of the Constitution• C. Limited Government —government’s power will have certain limits in order to preserve individual rights – the Bill of Rights- first 10 Amendments that protect individual liberties
  • 14. II. Principles of the Constitution• D. Federalism —system in which the national (federal) government and state governments share power – 1. Enumerated (Delegated Powers) —powers given to the Federal Government – 2. Reserved Powers —powers granted to the states – 3. Concurrent Powers —powers shared by the states and the federal government – 4. “Supremacy Clause”
  • 15. II. Principles of the Constitution• E. Rule of Law – 1. The law applies to everyone, even those who govern. – “You must first enable the government to control the governed, and in the next place oblige it to control itself.” –James Madison