Transcript of "Major events of the civil rights movement pp"
Major Events of the Civil Rights Movement
What you will learn:• What were the major events in the Civil Rights Movement?• What were the activists’ goals?• What tactics did they use?• Who led them?• Were they successful?
Event Goals Description Local Federal Reaction ResponseBrown v. BOE, integrate NAACP White mobs FederalTopeka, public schools lawyer protested troops sent toKansas Thurgood when black protect black Marshall students students. represents entered Linda Brown. schools She sues to attend the Ex: Little nearby white Rock 9 school
Event Goals Description Local Federal Reaction ResponseMontgomery Integrate Rosa Parks, MLK’s home SupremeBus Boycott public trans- NAACP bombed. Court ruled in portation secretary, favor of refuses to boycott. give bus seat to a white man. Martin Luther King leads a 381 day boycott.
Event Goals Description Local Federal Reaction ResponseSit-Ins Integrate Woolworth Beatings, public lunch counter, arrests, counters Greensboro, suspension NC , 1960. Four NC A&T students sat at a “whites only” counter
Event Goals Description Local Federal Reaction ResponseFreedom Integrate College Mobs attack Atty. GeneralRides interstate students, buses, Robert buses black and beating, fire- Kennedy white, rode bombings orders 400 buses marshals to throughout protect them. the South over the summer of 1961
Event Goals Description Local Federal Reaction ResponseBirmingham, Desegregate Marches, Arrests, jail JFK asks forAL demon- the whole city boycotts, calm,strations – lunch MLK’s “Letter promises a Police Chief counters, From a “Bull” federal civil buses, hiring Birmingham Connor, calls rights law Jail”, out dogs & children’s fire hoses march
Event Goals Description Local Federal Reaction ResponseMarch on Support 200,000 + In D.C. – The law isWashington passage of people gather peaceful passed – Civil Rights prohibiting Act of 1964 MLK gives Later, KKK dis- “I Have a bombs a crimination Dream” church in on basis of race, speech Birmingham ethnicity, killing four religion, girls gender, or national origin.
Event Goals Description Local Federal Reaction ResponseFreedom Voting rights College Klan kills 4,Summer students and wounds 4, 80 activists hold beaten, a voter bombings registration drive
Event Goals Description Local Federal Reaction ResponseMarch from Voting rights 50 mile route Police Voting RightsSelma to brutality – 1 Act of 1965Montgomery killed. passed – no March halted literacy test. and restarted and completed.
Event Goals Description Local Federal Reaction ResponseIntegration of Integrate James Entry blocked FederalUniversities public Meredith at by state courts rule in colleges U. of Miss. governors favor of integration, federal Vivian marshals Malone and Jimmy Hood protect black at U. of students. Alabama
Leader Philosophy Accomplishments / RoleMartin Luther King Nonviolent / passive Won Montgomery Bus resistance. Civil Boycott, led SCLC, disobedience, “fill the Birmingham protest, jails” approach. March on Washington, Selma campaign. Got the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Leader Philosophy Accomplishments / RoleMalcolm X (Pre-Mecca) Nation of Islam Inspired a sense of black member, segregation, identity / empowerment armed self defenseMalcolm X (Post-Mecca) Racial equality, peace, Was martyred for integration, strengthen criticizing the Nation black communities. of Islam.
Leader Philosophy Accomplishments / RoleStokely Carmichael Black Power movement Largely symbolic. leader. Later joined the Black Meet violence with Panthers. violence. Blacks should define own goals / organizations
Leader Philosophy Accomplishments / RoleHuey Newton and Black Panthers: Est. daycares, freeBobby Seale •fight police brutality breakfast / job programs •take control of black communities •exemption from military service • advocate armed revolt •Felt justice system was racist.
What did you learn:• What were the major events in the Civil Rights Movement?• What were the activists’ goals?• What tactics did they use?• Who led them?• Were they successful?