Good feelings, jacksonian democracy, and manifest destiny pt 1

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Good feelings, jacksonian democracy, and manifest destiny pt 1

  1. 1. Objectives2.01 Analyze the effects of territorial expansion and the admission of new states to the Union.2.02 Describe how the growth of nationalism and sectionalism were reflected in art, literature, and language.2.03 Distinguish between the economic and social issues that led to sectionalism and nationalism.2.04 Assess political events, issues, and personalities that contributed to sectionalism and nationalism.2.05 Identify the major reform movements and evaluate their effectiveness.2.06 Evaluate the role of religion in the debate over slavery and other social movements and issues.
  2. 2. POTUS No. 5:James Monroe, 1816-1824 in co-starring John Quincy Adams as Sec State
  3. 3. The Election of 1816
  4. 4. The Election of 1820
  5. 5. The West & the NW: 1818-1824
  6. 6. The Convention of 1818
  7. 7. Adams-Onis Treaty, 1819
  8. 8. The American System Henry Clay,  North: Tariff of 1816“The Great Compromiser” and Second Bank of US  West: roads and canals at fed expense  South: ???
  9. 9. Missouri Compromise, 1820
  10. 10. The Monroe Doctrine, 1823 “… the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers …”
  11. 11. The Election of 1824: The “Corrupt Bargain”
  12. 12. The Election of 1824: The “Corrupt Bargain” Popular ElectoralCandidate Vote VoteAndrew Jackson 43% 99J.Q. Adams 31% 32William Crawford 13% 41Henry Clay 13% 37
  13. 13. POTUS No. 6:John Q Adams, 1825-1829 in co-starring Henry Clay as Sec State
  14. 14. Democratic-Republican SplitJackson & Van Buren:  Dems (1828)Adams, Clay, Webster:  Natl Reps (1828) Whigs (1832)  Reps (1854)
  15. 15. Opposition to JQA• Control by elites?• Constitutionality of economic development? • National university • Astronomical observatory • Naval academy• Strong president = threat to ind. liberties?
  16. 16. “Tariff of Abomination”Tariff of 1816  textilesTariff of 1824  iron goodsTariff of 1828  raw materials (wool and hemp) • Supported by Jacksonians to gain votes from farmers in NY, OH, KY. • South = against
  17. 17. House votes for “Tariff of Abominations”
  18. 18. 1828 ElectionJackson campaign managed bySen. Martin Van Buren (NY)• Re-created Dem Party from old Jefferson coalition: farmers, artisans, planters• Nat’l committee over local party units• Mass meetings, parades, picnics• Political mudslinging
  19. 19. Campaigning “on the stump”
  20. 20. Voting Requirements in Early 19c
  21. 21. Voter Turnout:1820 - 1860
  22. 22. Rachel Jackson, polygamist? Final Divorce Decree
  23. 23. Jackson inMourning for His Wife
  24. 24. 1828 Election Results
  25. 25. POTUS No. 7: Andrew Jackson, 1829-1837Champion of the Common Man or King Andrew?
  26. 26. Jackson as Satan Dangles the Spoils of Victory over his Supporters
  27. 27. Abominations Nullification Crisis“ … gallows ought to bethe fate of all suchambitious men whowould involve theircountry in civil wars …”
  28. 28. The Cherokee Nation After 1820
  29. 29. Indian Removal
  30. 30. Trail of Tears (1838-1839)
  31. 31. Second Bank of the US• “Soft” money • “Hard” money (paper) (specie)• Federal power • State power Nicholas Biddle
  32. 32. “ … you have used the funds of the bank to speculate in thebreadstuffs of the country. When you won, you divided theprofits amongst you, and when you lost, you charged it to thebank.You tell me that if I take the deposits from the bank and annul itscharter I shall ruin ten thousand families. That may be true,gentlemen, but that is your sin! Should I let you go on, you willruin fifty thousand families, and that would be my sin!You are a den of vipers and thieves. Ihave determined to rout you out, andby the Eternal, I will rout you out!”
  33. 33. The Downfall of “Mother Bank”
  34. 34. 1832 Election Key Issues WHIGS DEMOCRATS• Less concern for rich/poor gap • Rich/poor gap = !!!• Opposed “liberal capitalism”  • Bankers and business- chaos class = corrupt abuse of connections• Strong fed gov  direct economy • Pro-states’ rights, Laissez- faire• Anti-Indian removal • Pro-Indian removal• Pro-tariffs • Anti-tariffs• Pro-US Bank • Anti-US Bank
  35. 35. 1832 Election Results
  36. 36. 1836Election
  37. 37. Photo of Andrew Jackson in 1844 (one year before death) Final Recorded Words: “Oh, do not cry. Be good children, and we shall all meet in Heaven... I want to meet you all, white and black, in Heaven.”1767 - 1845
  38. 38. starring POTUS No. 8: Martin Van Buren, 1837-1841
  39. 39. Van Buren Taking the Blame for Jacksons Monetary Policies
  40. 40. Election of 1840 William Henry John Tyler Harrison Whig Challengers:“Tippecanoe, and Tyler, Too!”
  41. 41. “Log Cabin & Hard Cider”
  42. 42. A Harrison Bandana
  43. 43. “Log Cabin” Campaign Pin, 1840
  44. 44. “Stop That Barrel”
  45. 45. 1840 Election Results
  46. 46. POTUS No. 9: William Henry Harrison,Mar 4 - Apr 4, 1841
  47. 47. POTUS No. 10: John Tyler, 1841-1845His Accidency

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