The roadtocommunism (1)

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The roadtocommunism (1)

  1. 1. By: Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. Dr. Sun Yixian (1866 – 1925)(Dr. Sun Yat-sen)
  3. 3. Chinese Warlords, 1920sYuan Shi-kai
  4. 4. China in 1924
  5. 5. Mao Zedong As a YoungRevolutionary(Mao Tse-tung)
  6. 6. Mao With His Children,1930s
  7. 7. Jiang Jieshi Becomes Presidentof Nationalist China, 1928(Chiang Kai-shek)
  8. 8. The Long March
  9. 9. Survivors of the March
  10. 10. Japanese Aggression, 1931 - 1945
  11. 11. Victims of the Japanese bombingof Shanghai.
  12. 12. Japanese Soldiers March into NankingDecember 9, 1937
  13. 13. The Japanese Invasion,1937
  14. 14. Japanese Bayonet Practice
  15. 15. Beheadings Took Place inPublic!
  16. 16. The Peoples’ Liberation Army, 1949
  17. 17. The Communist Victory
  18. 18. Taiwan: The Republic ofChina
  19. 19. Jiang Jieshu (1887-1975)(Chiang Kai-shek)
  20. 20. Madame Jiang Jieshu
  21. 21. The People’s Republic ofChina
  22. 22. Reasons for theCommunists’ Success► Mao won support of peasants – land► Mao won support of women► Mao’s army used guerilla war tactics► Many saw the Nationalist governmentas corrupt► Many felt that the Nationalists allowedforeigners to dominate China.
  23. 23. Great Leap Forward, 1958► 5 year plan to increase agricultureand industry► Communes Groups of people who live and worktogether Property held in common Had production quotas► Failed due to poor quality ofproducts, poor weather hurtagriculture
  24. 24. Communist China UnderMao► Industrialized China► Increased literacy► Class privileges ended► Rural Chinese received healthcare► One-party dictatorship► Denied people basic rights andfreedoms --> Inner Mongolia,Tibet
  25. 25. Mao, Panchen Lama, Dalai Lamain Beijing, 1954► Tibet --> anautonomousarea.► Dalai Lamafled in thelate 1950s toIndia.
  26. 26. A Campaign Against the“FOUR OLDS”► Old Thoughts► Old Culture► Old Customs► Old HabitsTo Rebel Is Good!To Rebel Is Good!
  27. 27. Communist China UnderMao► Designed to renew revolutionaryspirit and establish a moreequitable society► Mao wanted to put “intellectuals”in their place► Schools shut down – studentsrevolted► Red Guards – students whoattacked professors, governmentofficials, factory managers
  28. 28. A Red Guard
  29. 29. Red Guards March toCanton
  30. 30. With regard to the great teacher ChairmanMao, cherish the word Loyalty. With regardto the great Mao Zedong Thought, vigorouslystress the word Usefullness. (1968)Cult of Personality
  31. 31. The reddest, reddest, red sun in ourheart, Chairman Mao, and us togetherZhejiang Workers, Farmers and SoldiersArt Academy collective, 1968Mao’sLittle RedBook
  32. 32. Propaganda Poster
  33. 33. Go among the workers, peasants andsoldiers, and into the thick of struggle!1967-1972
  34. 34. Propaganda Poster
  35. 35. Propaganda Poster
  36. 36. Propaganda Poster
  37. 37. “Ping-Pong Diplomacy”:U. S. Players at Great Wall, 1971
  38. 38. Mao Meets President Nixon,1972
  39. 39. Power StruggleModernistsCommunistTraditionalistsZhou Enlai“The Gang of Four”:Jiang Qin, Chen Boda, WangHongwen, Yao Wenyuan1976
  40. 40. Deng Xiaoping (1905-1997)
  41. 41. De-Maoization► Agriculture► Industry► Science► Defense““The 4 ModernizationsThe 4 Modernizations””Progress in:Progress in:Class struggle was no longer the central focus!
  42. 42. Gap Between Rich & PoorDeng: If you open a window, some fliesnaturally get in!
  43. 43. Tiananmen Square, 1989More democracy!
  44. 44. Tiananmen Square, 1989Student activist, Wang Dan, Beijing University
  45. 45. Tiananmen Square, 1989Democracy—Our Common Ideal!
  46. 46. Tiananmen Square, 1989The“GoddessofDemocracy”
  47. 47. Tiananmen Square, 1989The Government Clamps Down
  48. 48. Tiananmen Square, 1989One Lone Man’s Protest
  49. 49. Tiananmen Square, 1989The Massacre: The People’s Army Moves In
  50. 50. Tiananmen Square, 1989The Massacre: A Human Body Crushed byan Army Tank
  51. 51. Tiananmen Square, 1989The Army Looks for Dissidents
  52. 52. Tiananmen Square, 1989Student Leaders Are Arrested
  53. 53. Tiananmen Square, 1989Chinese Students Mourn the Dead
  54. 54. Tiananmen Square, 1989The Reestablishment of Order
  55. 55. What’s the Message Here?
  56. 56. Demography► may be no surer predictor ofdestiny than trade data. But ofthe two momentous changeschampioned by Deng Xiaoping aquarter-century ago, coercivepopulation controls and experimentswith market economics, the jury isstill out on which will do more toshape Chinas long-term potential.
  57. 57. Demography
  58. 58. Demography►There aretoo manyretirees inChina, and notenough youngpeople toreplace them.
  59. 59. Demography► "The evidence is overwhelming that alarge population of unmarried adultmales is a risk factor for both crimeand war," Ms. den Boer said in aninterview. "The fact that China is anauthoritarian country is another riskfactor."

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