Reasons for theCommunists’ Success► Mao won support of peasants – land► Mao won support of women► Mao’s army used guerilla war tactics► Many saw the Nationalist governmentas corrupt► Many felt that the Nationalists allowedforeigners to dominate China.
Great Leap Forward, 1958► 5 year plan to increase agricultureand industry► Communes Groups of people who live and worktogether Property held in common Had production quotas► Failed due to poor quality ofproducts, poor weather hurtagriculture
Communist China UnderMao► Industrialized China► Increased literacy► Class privileges ended► Rural Chinese received healthcare► One-party dictatorship► Denied people basic rights andfreedoms --> Inner Mongolia,Tibet
Mao, Panchen Lama, Dalai Lamain Beijing, 1954► Tibet --> anautonomousarea.► Dalai Lamafled in thelate 1950s toIndia.
A Campaign Against the“FOUR OLDS”► Old Thoughts► Old Culture► Old Customs► Old HabitsTo Rebel Is Good!To Rebel Is Good!
Communist China UnderMao► Designed to renew revolutionaryspirit and establish a moreequitable society► Mao wanted to put “intellectuals”in their place► Schools shut down – studentsrevolted► Red Guards – students whoattacked professors, governmentofficials, factory managers
Demography► may be no surer predictor ofdestiny than trade data. But ofthe two momentous changeschampioned by Deng Xiaoping aquarter-century ago, coercivepopulation controls and experimentswith market economics, the jury isstill out on which will do more toshape Chinas long-term potential.
Demography►There aretoo manyretirees inChina, and notenough youngpeople toreplace them.
Demography► "The evidence is overwhelming that alarge population of unmarried adultmales is a risk factor for both crimeand war," Ms. den Boer said in aninterview. "The fact that China is anauthoritarian country is another riskfactor."