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Brinkley14 ppt ch05 (1)
Brinkley14 ppt ch05 (1)
Brinkley14 ppt ch05 (1)
Brinkley14 ppt ch05 (1)
Brinkley14 ppt ch05 (1)
Brinkley14 ppt ch05 (1)
Brinkley14 ppt ch05 (1)
Brinkley14 ppt ch05 (1)
Brinkley14 ppt ch05 (1)
Brinkley14 ppt ch05 (1)
Brinkley14 ppt ch05 (1)
Brinkley14 ppt ch05 (1)
Brinkley14 ppt ch05 (1)
Brinkley14 ppt ch05 (1)
Brinkley14 ppt ch05 (1)
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Brinkley14 ppt ch05 (1)

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  • 1. Alan Brinkley,Alan Brinkley, American HistoryAmerican History 14/e14/e Chapter 5:Chapter 5: The American RevolutionThe American Revolution
  • 2. HighlightsHighlights  The States UnitedThe States United  The War for IndependenceThe War for Independence  War and SocietyWar and Society  The Creation of State GovernmentsThe Creation of State Governments  The Search for a National GovernmentThe Search for a National Government © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.2
  • 3. The States UnitedThe States United  Defining AmericanDefining American War AimsWar Aims – Olive Branch PetitionOlive Branch Petition – Common SenseCommon Sense © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.3 Common SenseCommon Sense (Library of Congress)(Library of Congress)
  • 4. The States UnitedThe States United  The Decision forThe Decision for IndependenceIndependence – The Declaration ofThe Declaration of IndependenceIndependence  Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.4 Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson (Library of Congress)(Library of Congress)
  • 5. The States UnitedThe States United  Responses to IndependenceResponses to Independence – Divided AmericansDivided Americans – Articles of ConfederationArticles of Confederation  Mobilizing for WarMobilizing for War – Financing the WarFinancing the War – General GeorgeGeneral George WashingtonWashington – Foreign AssistanceForeign Assistance © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.5 George Washington at Valley ForgeGeorge Washington at Valley Forge (The Palma Collection/Getty Images)(The Palma Collection/Getty Images)
  • 6. The War for IndependenceThe War for Independence – American AdvantagesAmerican Advantages  Fighting on their own groundFighting on their own ground  Patriots deeply committedPatriots deeply committed  The First Phase: New EnglandThe First Phase: New England – Bunker HillBunker Hill – Invasion of CanadaInvasion of Canada © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.6
  • 7. The War for IndependenceThe War for Independence © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.7 The Revolution in the North, 1775-1776The Revolution in the North, 1775-1776
  • 8. The War for IndependenceThe War for Independence  The Second Phase:The Second Phase: The Mid-Atlantic RegionThe Mid-Atlantic Region – British Take New YorkBritish Take New York – BritainBritain’s Strategy’s Strategy – Patriot Victory at SaratogaPatriot Victory at Saratoga – British BlundersBritish Blunders  The Iroquois and the BritishThe Iroquois and the British – Divisions in the Iroquois ConfederacyDivisions in the Iroquois Confederacy © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.8
  • 9. The War for IndependenceThe War for Independence © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.9 The Revolution in the Middle Colonies, 1776-1778The Revolution in the Middle Colonies, 1776-1778
  • 10. The War for IndependenceThe War for Independence  Securing Aid from AbroadSecuring Aid from Abroad – Militia DiplomatsMilitia Diplomats – Pivotal French AidPivotal French Aid © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.10 Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin (Portrait Gallery)(Portrait Gallery)
  • 11. The War for IndependenceThe War for Independence  The Final Phase: The SouthThe Final Phase: The South – Revolutionary Consequences of the SouthernRevolutionary Consequences of the Southern CampaignCampaign – Nathanael GreeneNathanael Greene – YorktownYorktown © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.11 British surrender toBritish surrender to WashingtonWashington (Library of Congress)(Library of Congress)
  • 12. The War for IndependenceThe War for Independence © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.12 The Revolution in the South, 1778-1781The Revolution in the South, 1778-1781
  • 13. The War for IndependenceThe War for Independence  Winning the PeaceWinning the Peace – Treaty of ParisTreaty of Paris © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.13 A map presented toA map presented to Benjamin Franklin by the RoyalBenjamin Franklin by the Royal Cartographer of France, showingCartographer of France, showing the 1783 Treaty boundariesthe 1783 Treaty boundaries (Royalty-Free/CORBIS)(Royalty-Free/CORBIS)
  • 14. War and SocietyWar and Society  Loyalists and MinoritiesLoyalists and Minorities – The LoyalistsThe Loyalists’ Plight’ Plight – Weakening of theWeakening of the Anglican ChurchAnglican Church – Strengthening of theStrengthening of the Catholic ChurchCatholic Church © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.14 Tarring and feathering (Library of Congress)
  • 15. War and SocietyWar and Society  The War and SlaveryThe War and Slavery – African American Desire for FreedomAfrican American Desire for Freedom – Tension between Liberty and SlaveryTension between Liberty and Slavery  Native Americans and the RevolutionNative Americans and the Revolution – Taking SidesTaking Sides – Growing Divisions among the IndiansGrowing Divisions among the Indians © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.15
  • 16. War and SocietyWar and Society  WomenWomen’s Rights and Women’s Roles’s Rights and Women’s Roles – Women of the ArmyWomen of the Army – Calls for WomenCalls for Women’s Rights’s Rights – A StrengthenedA Strengthened PatriarchalPatriarchal StructureStructure © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.16 Women of the RevolutionWomen of the Revolution (Library of Congress)(Library of Congress)
  • 17. War and SocietyWar and Society  The War EconomyThe War Economy  American trade suddenly on its ownAmerican trade suddenly on its own  Yankee privateersYankee privateers – New Patterns of TradeNew Patterns of Trade © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.17
  • 18. The Creation of State GovernmentsThe Creation of State Governments  The Assumptions of RepublicanismThe Assumptions of Republicanism – Importance of Civic VirtueImportance of Civic Virtue – Persistent InequalityPersistent Inequality  The First State ConstitutionsThe First State Constitutions – Written Constitutions and Strong LegislaturesWritten Constitutions and Strong Legislatures  Did not embrace direct popular ruleDid not embrace direct popular rule © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.18
  • 19. The Creation of State GovernmentsThe Creation of State Governments  Revising State GovernmentsRevising State Governments  Problem of too much democracyProblem of too much democracy – Shift to Strong ExecutivesShift to Strong Executives  Toleration and SlaveryToleration and Slavery – Statute of Religious LibertyStatute of Religious Liberty  Slavery survived in southern and border statesSlavery survived in southern and border states © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.19
  • 20. The Search for a NationalThe Search for a National GovernmentGovernment  The ConfederationThe Confederation – Limited Power of the National GovernmentLimited Power of the National Government  Confederation lacked adequate powerConfederation lacked adequate power  Diplomatic FailuresDiplomatic Failures – Postwar Disputes with Britain and SpainPostwar Disputes with Britain and Spain  John AdamsJohn Adams © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.20
  • 21. The Search for a NationalThe Search for a National GovernmentGovernment © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.21 The Conflict over Western LandsThe Conflict over Western Lands
  • 22. The Search for a NationalThe Search for a National GovernmentGovernment  The Confederation and the NorthwestThe Confederation and the Northwest – The Ordinances of 1784 and 1785The Ordinances of 1784 and 1785 – The GridThe Grid – Northwest OrdinanceNorthwest Ordinance © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.22
  • 23. The Search for a NationalThe Search for a National GovernmentGovernment © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.23 Land Survey: Ordinance of 1785Land Survey: Ordinance of 1785
  • 24. The Search for a NationalThe Search for a National GovernmentGovernment  Indians and the Western LandsIndians and the Western Lands – Battle of Fallen TimbersBattle of Fallen Timbers  Debts, Taxes, and Daniel ShaysDebts, Taxes, and Daniel Shays – Postwar DepressionPostwar Depression – Political Disputes over Economic IssuesPolitical Disputes over Economic Issues – ShaysShays’s Rebellion’s Rebellion © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.24

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