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    Brinkley14 ppt ch03 Brinkley14 ppt ch03 Presentation Transcript

    • Alan Brinkley,Alan Brinkley, American History 14/eAmerican History 14/e Chapter 3:Chapter 3: Society and CultureSociety and Culture in Provincial Americain Provincial America
    • HighlightsHighlights  The Colonial PopulationThe Colonial Population  The Colonial EconomiesThe Colonial Economies  Patterns of SocietyPatterns of Society  Awakenings and EnlightenmentsAwakenings and Enlightenments © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.2
    • The Colonial PopulationThe Colonial Population © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.3 America in 1700America in 1700
    • The Colonial PopulationThe Colonial Population  Immigration and Natural IncreaseImmigration and Natural Increase  Indentured ServitudeIndentured Servitude – OriginsOrigins – Realities of Indentured ServitudeRealities of Indentured Servitude © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.4
    • The Colonial PopulationThe Colonial Population  Birth and DeathBirth and Death – Exceptional Longevity in New EnglandExceptional Longevity in New England – More-Balanced Sex RatioMore-Balanced Sex Ratio  Medicine in the ColoniesMedicine in the Colonies – MidwivesMidwives  ““Humoralism”Humoralism” © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.5
    • The Colonial PopulationThe Colonial Population © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.6 The Non-Indian Population of North America, 1700-1780The Non-Indian Population of North America, 1700-1780
    • The Colonial PopulationThe Colonial Population  Women and Families in the ChesapeakeWomen and Families in the Chesapeake – Male Authority UnderminedMale Authority Undermined – GreaterGreater IndependenceIndependence in the Southin the South – Revival ofRevival of PatriarchyPatriarchy © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.7 Virginia and Carolina, 1638Virginia and Carolina, 1638 (Royalty-Free/CORBIS)(Royalty-Free/CORBIS)
    • The Colonial PopulationThe Colonial Population  Woman and Families in New EnglandWoman and Families in New England – Life SpansLife Spans – The PatriarchalThe Patriarchal Puritan FamilyPuritan Family © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.8 New England, 1755New England, 1755 (Royalty-(Royalty- Free/CORBIS)Free/CORBIS)
    • The Colonial PopulationThe Colonial Population  The Beginnings of Slavery inThe Beginnings of Slavery in British AmericaBritish America – The Middle PassageThe Middle Passage – Growing Slave PopulationGrowing Slave Population – Uncertain StatusUncertain Status – Slave CodesSlave Codes © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.9 Slave shipSlave ship (Library of Congress)(Library of Congress)
    • The Colonial PopulationThe Colonial Population © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.10 The African Population of the British Colonies, 1620-1780The African Population of the British Colonies, 1620-1780
    • Immigrant Groups in Colonial America, 1760Immigrant Groups in Colonial America, 1760 The Colonial PopulationThe Colonial Population  Changing Sources ofChanging Sources of European ImmigrationEuropean Immigration – Huguenots andHuguenots and Pennsylvania DutchPennsylvania Dutch – Scots-IrishScots-Irish © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.11
    • Selling tobaccoSelling tobacco (American Heritage)(American Heritage) The Colonial EconomiesThe Colonial Economies  The Southern EconomyThe Southern Economy – TobaccoTobacco – RiceRice – IndigoIndigo © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.12
    • The Colonial EconomiesThe Colonial Economies  Northern Economic and Technological LifeNorthern Economic and Technological Life – More Diverse Economy in the NorthMore Diverse Economy in the North – Saugus IronworksSaugus Ironworks – Extractive IndustriesExtractive Industries  The Extent and Limits of TechnologyThe Extent and Limits of Technology – Myth of Self-SufficiencyMyth of Self-Sufficiency © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.13
    • The Colonial EconomiesThe Colonial Economies © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.14 The “Triangular Trade”The “Triangular Trade”
    • The Colonial EconomiesThe Colonial Economies  The Rise of Colonial CommerceThe Rise of Colonial Commerce – Shortage of CurrencyShortage of Currency – Triangular TradeTriangular Trade – Emerging Merchant ClassEmerging Merchant Class  The Rise of ConsumerismThe Rise of Consumerism – Growing ConsumerismGrowing Consumerism – Social ConsequencesSocial Consequences © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.15
    • Patterns of SocietyPatterns of Society – Social MobilitySocial Mobility  The PlantationThe Plantation – Vagaries of theVagaries of the Plantation EconomyPlantation Economy – Stratified SouthernStratified Southern SocietySociety © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.16 Landscape of Mulberry plantation, SCLandscape of Mulberry plantation, SC (Library of Congress)(Library of Congress)
    • Patterns of SocietyPatterns of Society  Plantation SlaveryPlantation Slavery – Slave CultureSlave Culture – Stono RebellionStono Rebellion  The Puritan CommunityThe Puritan Community – Patterns of SettlementPatterns of Settlement – Puritan DemocracyPuritan Democracy – Population PressurePopulation Pressure – Generational ConflictGenerational Conflict © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.17
    • Patterns of SocietyPatterns of Society © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.18 African Population asAfrican Population as a Proportion of Totala Proportion of Total Population, c. 1775Population, c. 1775
    • Patterns of SocietyPatterns of Society © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.19 The New England Town: Sudbury, Massachusetts, 17th CenturyThe New England Town: Sudbury, Massachusetts, 17th Century
    • Patterns of SocietyPatterns of Society  The Witchcraft PhenomenonThe Witchcraft Phenomenon  Belief in witchcraft a common feature of PuritanBelief in witchcraft a common feature of Puritan religious convictionreligious conviction  CitiesCities – Growth of Colonial CitiesGrowth of Colonial Cities – Commercial and Cultural ImportanceCommercial and Cultural Importance  InequalityInequality  Winthrop: “Some must be rich and some poor”Winthrop: “Some must be rich and some poor” © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.20
    • Patterns of SocietyPatterns of Society © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.21 Wealth Distribution in Colonial Cities, 1687-1771Wealth Distribution in Colonial Cities, 1687-1771
    • Awakenings and EnlightenmentsAwakenings and Enlightenments  The Pattern of ReligionsThe Pattern of Religions – Roots of Religious TolerationRoots of Religious Toleration – Anti-CatholicismAnti-Catholicism – JeremiadsJeremiads  The Great AwakeningThe Great Awakening – Old Lights and New LightsOld Lights and New Lights © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.22
    • Awakenings and EnlightenmentsAwakenings and Enlightenments  The EnlightenmentThe Enlightenment – Traditional Authority ChallengedTraditional Authority Challenged  EducationEducation – High White Literacy RatesHigh White Literacy Rates – Liberal CurriculaLiberal Curricula © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.23
    • Awakenings and EnlightenmentsAwakenings and Enlightenments  The Spread of ScienceThe Spread of Science – Smallpox InoculationSmallpox Inoculation  Concepts of Law and PoliticsConcepts of Law and Politics – Colonial GovernmentsColonial Governments © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.24