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Brinkley14 ppt ch02 (2) Brinkley14 ppt ch02 (2) Presentation Transcript

  • Alan Brinkley,Alan Brinkley, American HistoryAmerican History 14/e14/e Chapter 2:Chapter 2: Transplantations and BorderlandsTransplantations and Borderlands
  • HighlightsHighlights  The Early ChesapeakeThe Early Chesapeake  The Growth of New EnglandThe Growth of New England  The Restoration ColoniesThe Restoration Colonies  Borderlands and Middle GroundsBorderlands and Middle Grounds  The Evolution of the British EmpireThe Evolution of the British Empire © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.2
  • The Early ChesapeakeThe Early Chesapeake  The Founding of JamestownThe Founding of Jamestown – Early ProblemsEarly Problems  JamestownJamestown – John SmithJohn Smith © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.3 Jamestown settlement with ShipsJamestown settlement with Ships (S. Solum/PhotoLink/Getty Images)(S. Solum/PhotoLink/Getty Images)
  • The Early ChesapeakeThe Early Chesapeake  ReorganizationReorganization  London Company:London Company: Virginia CompanyVirginia Company – The Starving TimeThe Starving Time – De La Warr’s HarshDe La Warr’s Harsh DisciplineDiscipline  TobaccoTobacco – Emergence of theEmergence of the Tobacco EconomyTobacco Economy  Exhausted the soilExhausted the soil © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.4 Virginia and Carolina, 1638Virginia and Carolina, 1638 (Royalty-Free/CORBIS)(Royalty-Free/CORBIS)
  • The Early ChesapeakeThe Early Chesapeake  ExpansionExpansion – The Headright SystemThe Headright System  Women purchased for colonists’ wivesWomen purchased for colonists’ wives  House of BurgessesHouse of Burgesses  Birth of American slaveryBirth of American slavery – Suppression of the Powhatan IndiansSuppression of the Powhatan Indians  PocahontasPocahontas – Demise of the Virginia CompanyDemise of the Virginia Company © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.5
  • The Growth of the Chesapeake, 1607-1750The Growth of the Chesapeake, 1607-1750 6 © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The Early ChesapeakeThe Early Chesapeake
  • The Non-Indian Population of the Chesapeake, 1607-1700The Non-Indian Population of the Chesapeake, 1607-1700 7 © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The Early ChesapeakeThe Early Chesapeake
  • The Early ChesapeakeThe Early Chesapeake  Exchanges of Agricultural TechnologyExchanges of Agricultural Technology – Indian Agricultural TechniquesIndian Agricultural Techniques  Maryland and the CalvertsMaryland and the Calverts  George CalvertGeorge Calvert – Proprietary RuleProprietary Rule – Religious TolerationReligious Toleration  ““Act Concerning Religion”Act Concerning Religion” © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.8
  • The Early ChesapeakeThe Early Chesapeake  Turbulent VirginiaTurbulent Virginia – Virginia’s Westward ExpansionVirginia’s Westward Expansion – Berkeley’s Autocratic RuleBerkeley’s Autocratic Rule  Bacon’s RebellionBacon’s Rebellion – Backcountry GrievancesBackcountry Grievances – Significance of Bacon’s RebellionSignificance of Bacon’s Rebellion © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.9
  • New England, 1755New England, 1755 (Royalty-(Royalty- Free/CORBIS)Free/CORBIS) 10 © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The Growth of New EnglandThe Growth of New England
  • TheThe MayflowerMayflower at Plymouthat Plymouth (Scenics of America PhotoLink/Getty Images)(Scenics of America PhotoLink/Getty Images) The Growth of New EnglandThe Growth of New England – Religious RepressionReligious Repression  Plymouth PlantationPlymouth Plantation  The Scrooby SeparatistsThe Scrooby Separatists – The MayflowerThe Mayflower CompactCompact – Relations with theRelations with the IndiansIndians – William BradfordWilliam Bradford © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.11
  • The Growth of New EnglandThe Growth of New England  The Puritan ExperimentThe Puritan Experiment – Massachusetts Bay CompanyMassachusetts Bay Company – John WinthropJohn Winthrop  ““City upon a hill”City upon a hill” – The Congregational ChurchThe Congregational Church – A Theocratic SocietyA Theocratic Society © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.12
  • Boston HarborBoston Harbor (Library of Congress)(Library of Congress) 13 © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The Growth of New EnglandThe Growth of New England
  • The Growth of New EnglandThe Growth of New England  The Expansion of New EnglandThe Expansion of New England – Growing Religious DissentGrowing Religious Dissent – Roger WilliamsRoger Williams – Anne HutchinsonAnne Hutchinson – New Hampshire and MaineNew Hampshire and Maine  Settlers and NativesSettlers and Natives – Importance of Indian AssistanceImportance of Indian Assistance – Shifting AttitudesShifting Attitudes © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.14
  • The Growth of New England, 1620-1750The Growth of New England, 1620-1750 15 © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The Growth of New EnglandThe Growth of New England
  • The Non-Indian Population of New England, 1620-1700The Non-Indian Population of New England, 1620-1700 16 © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The Growth of New EnglandThe Growth of New England
  • A Pequot Village DestroyedA Pequot Village Destroyed (Rare Book Division, New York Public Library)(Rare Book Division, New York Public Library) The Growth of New EnglandThe Growth of New England  The Pequot War, King Philip’s War, and theThe Pequot War, King Philip’s War, and the Technology of BattleTechnology of Battle – The Pequot WarThe Pequot War – King Philip’s WarKing Philip’s War  MetacometMetacomet – Flintlock MusketFlintlock Musket © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.17
  • Oliver CromwellOliver Cromwell (Portrait Gallery)(Portrait Gallery) The Restoration ColoniesThe Restoration Colonies  The English Civil WarThe English Civil War – OriginsOrigins  Cavaliers and RoundheadsCavaliers and Roundheads  Charles I beheadedCharles I beheaded  Oliver CromwellOliver Cromwell  The Stuart RestorationThe Stuart Restoration – New Proprietary ColoniesNew Proprietary Colonies © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.18
  •  The CarolinasThe Carolinas – Incentives for SettlementIncentives for Settlement  Anthony Ashley CooperAnthony Ashley Cooper – FundamentalFundamental Constitution forConstitution for CarolinaCarolina  Close ties with theClose ties with the CaribbeanCaribbean – North and SouthNorth and South CarolinaCarolina Virginia and Carolina, 1638Virginia and Carolina, 1638 (Royalty-Free/CORBIS)(Royalty-Free/CORBIS) The Restoration ColoniesThe Restoration Colonies © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.19
  • The Restoration ColoniesThe Restoration Colonies  New Netherland, New York, and New JerseyNew Netherland, New York, and New Jersey – Capture of New AmsterdamCapture of New Amsterdam – Establishment of New JerseyEstablishment of New Jersey  The Quaker ColoniesThe Quaker Colonies – The Society of FriendsThe Society of Friends – William PennWilliam Penn – Pennsylvania FoundedPennsylvania Founded – Charter of LibertiesCharter of Liberties © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.20
  • Borderlands and Middle GroundsBorderlands and Middle Grounds  The Caribbean IslandsThe Caribbean Islands – The English CaribbeanThe English Caribbean – Imperial ConflictImperial Conflict – Sugar and SlaverySugar and Slavery © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.21 SugarcaneSugarcane (C. McIntyre/PhotoLink/Getty Images)(C. McIntyre/PhotoLink/Getty Images)
  • The Seventeenth Century CaribbeanThe Seventeenth Century Caribbean 22 © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Borderlands and Middle GroundsBorderlands and Middle Grounds
  • © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Making molasses in BarbadosMaking molasses in Barbados (New York Public Library)(New York Public Library) Borderlands and Middle GroundsBorderlands and Middle Grounds  Masters and Slaves in the CaribbeanMasters and Slaves in the Caribbean – Slave RevoltsSlave Revolts – UnstableUnstable SocietiesSocieties – Connection toConnection to British NorthBritish North AmericaAmerica 23
  • Borderlands and Middle GroundsBorderlands and Middle Grounds  The Southwestern BorderlandsThe Southwestern Borderlands – Spain’s Northern ColoniesSpain’s Northern Colonies – CaliforniaCalifornia – Importance of the Spanish BorderlandsImportance of the Spanish Borderlands  The Southeastern BorderlandsThe Southeastern Borderlands – Hostilities in the SoutheastHostilities in the Southeast © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.24
  • Borderlands and Middle GroundsBorderlands and Middle Grounds  The Founding of GeorgiaThe Founding of Georgia – James Oglethorpe’s VisionJames Oglethorpe’s Vision – Georgia’s Military RationaleGeorgia’s Military Rationale – Transformation of GeorgiaTransformation of Georgia © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.25 Savannah in 1734Savannah in 1734 (I.N. Phelps Stokes Collection of(I.N. Phelps Stokes Collection of American Historical Prints,American Historical Prints, New York Public Library)New York Public Library)
  • Borderlands and Middle GroundsBorderlands and Middle Grounds  Middle GroundsMiddle Grounds – Conflict and AccommodationConflict and Accommodation – Mutually Beneficial RelationsMutually Beneficial Relations – The Shifting BalanceThe Shifting Balance © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.26
  • The New World, 1650The New World, 1650 (Royalty-Free/CORBIS)(Royalty-Free/CORBIS) The Evolution of the British EmpireThe Evolution of the British Empire  The Drive for ReorganizationThe Drive for Reorganization – MercantilismMercantilism – The NavigationThe Navigation ActsActs © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.27
  • The Evolution of the British EmpireThe Evolution of the British Empire  The Dominion of New EnglandThe Dominion of New England  Combined the New England governmentsCombined the New England governments – Sir Edmund AndrosSir Edmund Andros  The “Glorious Revolution”The “Glorious Revolution”  William and Mary became joint sovereignsWilliam and Mary became joint sovereigns – End of the DominionEnd of the Dominion – John Coode’s RebellionJohn Coode’s Rebellion © 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.28