Chapter 5 Section 2
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Chapter 5 Section 2

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Chapter 5 Section 2 Chapter 5 Section 2 Presentation Transcript

  •  
    • Fighting between colonists and Native Americans continued long after the defeat of the French.
    • Pontiacs War
      • Pontiac forms alliance with many western Native Americans.
      • The Native Americans destroy 6 forts and kill 2000 backcountry settlers.
      • Colonists react and kill Native Americans who had not attacked them.
      • British armies defeat Pontiac’s forces near Fort Pitt. Pontiac continued to fight, but essentially the war was over.
    • The Proclamation of 1763
      • This proclamation banned colonial settlements west of a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains.
      • Settlers were told to move east of that line.
      • The proclamation angered many colonists who believed they had the right to settle wherever they wanted.
      • Widely ignored by colonists and impossible to enforce by British.
      • Britain maintained a corps of 10,000 troops to enforce this proclamation.
    • The French & Indian War had put Britain in great debt.
    • Britain believed that colonists should pay some of the debt for the war and continued cost of keeping soldiers in the colonies for protection.
    • Colonists expected Britain to be grateful for their service and also expected a minimum rise in taxes.
    • Watch the colonial people shift identity
      • From British Citizens loyal to Britain and their colony to increasingly identifying with other colonies and moving away from Britain.
    • The Sugar Act - 1764
      • Import tax on several products, including molasses.
      • Called for harsh punishment of smugglers (remember the Navigations Acts)
    • The Quartering Act – 1765
      • A money saving act by Britain.
      • This act required colonists to house and feed British troops.
      • Colonists complained that this violated their rights
      • See 3 rd Amendment
    • Required colonists to buy stamps on certain printed documents
    • Protest
      • Virginia Legislature passes law that states only it has the right to tax Virginia colonists.
      • Many colonies organize a boycott of British goods
      • The Stamp Act congress develops a petition to end the Sugar and Stamp Acts. (Notice they’re working together!)
      • The battle cry of the colonists was “NO taxation without representation (in the Parliament)!”
      • See Article 1, Section 1 of Constitution
    • The protests work as the British parliament repealed the stamp act.
    • To show power and authority the British parliament passed the Declaratory Act which gave the parliament total authority over the colonies. (a joke)
    • With the repeal of the Stamp Act the Parliament had to come up with new ways tax the colonies without angering them.
    • Townshend Acts – 1767
      • Britain would no longer tax goods in the colonies, but only products brought into the colonies (imports).
      • A system was set up in which officials could find illegal goods. (Writs of Assistance)
        • See 4th Amendment
      • Weakened the colonies assemblies if they resisted Parliament law.
    • Immediately the colonists began to protest the Townshend Acts by boycotting British goods.
    • The protests work because British merchants and manufacturers put pressure on Parliament.
    • The Parliament responds by removing all the taxes from the Townshend Act except the tax on tea, which was left to to show the colonists who was in charge.
    • Boston Massacre – 1770
      • Angry mob of workers surround small group of British soldiers and began to throw rocks and snowballs at them.
      • Soldiers respond with firing into the crowd, killing 5 and wounding 6.
      • Interesting trial of soldiers (see pg 149 in text)
        • Right to lawyer and trial by jury, see 5 th Amendment
    • Committees of Correspondence
      • Leaders in the colonies saw a need to keep in closer contact with people in other colonies.
      • Samuel Adams begins a Committee of Correspondence.
      • The aim of this organization was to keep colonists informed on British Actions.
      • Committees immediately sprung up all over the colonies.
      • Letters & pamphlets spread the alarm whenever unpopular acts were passed by Parliament
        • Freedom of the Press, see 1 st Amendment