Preterite Verbs

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PowerPoint presentation on preterite verbs

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  • 1. The Preterit Tense
  • 2. The Preterite tense
    • The preterite tense describes an action that began and ended at a definite time in the past.
    • Ex. Ellos fueron a Florida ayer.
    • Ex. Fueron a Miami.
  • 3. AR Verbs in the preterite Yo- é Tú- aste Él - ó Ella - ó Usted - ó Nosotros,as- amos Vosotros,as- asteis Ellos- aron Ellas- aron Ustedes- aron
  • 4. Er and IR verbs in the preterite Nosotros,as- imos Vosotros,as- isteis Ellos- ieron Ellas- ieron Ustedes- ieron Yo- í Tú- iste Él - i ó Ella - i ó Usted - i ó
  • 5. Some Irregular Verbs- Ir and Ser Nosotros,as- fu imos Vosotros,as- fu isteis Ellos- fueron Ellas- fueron Ustedes- fueron Yo- fui Tú- fu iste Él - fue Ella - fue Usted - fue See the list of irregular verbs on page 36 of your textbook.
  • 6. More Irregular Verbs- Dar- di diste dio dimos disteis dieron Ver- vi viste vio vimos visteis vieron Spelling Changes- Remember that spelling changes with verbs that end in –car , -gar, -zar. (ONLY IN YO) Buscar- busqué bucaste buscó buscamos buscasteis buscaron Jugar- jugué jugaste jugó jugamos jugasteis jugaron Empezar- empecé empezaste empezó empezamos empezasteis empezaron
  • 7. Common Time Expressions
    • Ayer - Yesterday
    • Anoche - Last night
    • Ayer por la tarde- Yesterday afternoon
    • Ayer por la mañana- Yesterday morning
    • El año (mes) pasado- Last year (month)
    • La semana pasada- Last week
    • Hace una semana (un año)- One week ago (year)
    • En el siglo ocho- In the eighth century
  • 8. Stem-Changing in the Preterite
  • 9. Stem-Changing Rules
    • In the preterite verbs only stem change in the he/she form (él, ella, usted) and the they form (ellos, ellas, ustedes).
  • 10. E:I stem changers
    • Pedir – to ask for
    • Servir – to serve
    • Fre í r – to fry
    • Medir – to measure
    • Repetir – to repeat
    • Seguir – to follow, to continue
    • Sonre í r – to smile
    • Sentir –to feel, perceive, sense
    • Preferir – to prefer
    • Sugerir – to suggest
  • 11. O:U stem-changers
    • Dormir- to sleep
    • Morir – to die
  • 12. You try a few…
    • Yo – dormir
    • Él - preferir
    • Ellos- morir
    • Nosotros- seguir
    • Ella- pedir
    • Usted- medir
  • 13. Answers…
    • Yo – dormir dorm í
    • Él – preferir prefiri ó
    • Ellos- morir murieron
    • Nosotros- seguir seguimos
    • Ella- pedir pidi ó
    • Usted- medir midi ó
  • 14. The Imperfect
  • 15. The Imperfect
    • The imperfect is the other past tense. The imperfect is used to describe habitual or repeated actions in the past.
    • There is no stem-changing in the imperfect tense. 
  • 16. Regular Endings
    • AR
    • Yo- aba
    • Tú- abas
    • Él,Ella, Ud. – aba
    • Nosotros(as) – ábamos
    • Vosotros(as)- abais
    • Ellos (as), Uds.- aban
    • ER, IR
    • Yo- ía
    • Tú- ías
    • Él,Ella, Ud. – ía
    • Nosotros(as) – íamos
    • Vosotros(as)- íais
    • Ellos (as), Uds.- ían
  • 17. Irregular Verbs- only 3!
    • Ir
    • iba
    • ibas
    • iba
    • íbamos
    • ibais
    • iban
    • Ver
    • veía
    • veías
    • veía
    • veíamos
    • veíais
    • veían
    Ser era eras era éramos erais eran
  • 18. Common Time Expressions Siempre - always A menudo - often Con frecuencia- With frecuency, frequently Muchas veces- Many times Cada (día, viernes, semana, año) –Each (day, Friday, week, year) En la época precolombiana – In the precolombian age (era)- Durante el Renacimiento- During the rebirth (Renaissance)
  • 19. You try a few… Yo – caminar Él - preferir Ellos- pagar Nosotros- seguir Ella- pedir Usted- hablar
  • 20. Answers… Yo – caminar caminaba Él – preferir prefer ía Ellos- pagar pagaban Nosotros- seguir segu íamos Ella- pedir ped ía Usted- hablar hablaba
  • 21. Difference between preterite and imperfect...
  • 22. The difference is in the past…
    • The preterite is used to express actions or events that began and ended at a specific time in the past.
    • The imperfect is used to talk about continuous , habitual or repeated past action. The exact moment when the action began or ended is not important.
  • 23. Examples
    • Complete Action
    • Él fue al cine el viernes.
    • Vio un filme
    • polic í aco.
    • Le gust ó el filme.
    • Repeated, Habitual Actions
    • Ella iba al cine todos los viernes.
    • Siempre ve í a filmes polic í acos.
    • Le gustaban todos los filmes.
  • 24. One more note…
    • You most often use the imperfect with verbs such as querer, saber, pensar, desear, sentir, poder, and creer that describe a state of mind or a feeling.
    • Él sab í a donde estaba la iglesia.
    • La quer í a visitar.
    • Sent í a mucho no poder verla.
  • 25. Two actions in one sentence
  • 26. Two actions in one sentence.
    • A sentence in the past will frequently have two verbs. Both may be in the same tense or each one in a different tense.
  • 27. Two actions cont.
    • Look at the picture on the board. Any verb that can be placed in the wavy area describes what was going on. They describe the background and are in the imperfect. Any verbs that can be placed in the slash indicate what happened, what took place. They tell the action and are in the preterite.
  • 28. Two actions cont.
    • Now try these.
    • I was talking on the phone when my mom entered .
    • Last year we went to Florida and swam .
    • When I was a child, we always rented a house that was on beach and swam in the ocean.
    • Would they be in the wavy area or the slash?
    • Now translate to Spanish.
  • 29. Answers…
    • Yo estaba hablando por teléfono cuando mi madre entró .
    • El año pasado nosotros fuimos a Florida y nadamos .
    • Cuando yo era un(a) nino(a), siempre alquilábamos una casa que estaba en la playa y nadábamos en el océano.