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Chapter 8You                                   YouMay Ask                               May AskYourself                   ...
Chapter opener    You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. N...
What does economist Deirdre McCloskey’s experiences on both sides of the sex/gender dividetell us about the differences be...
Why would a sociologist disagree with the arguments about gender that John Gray poses in MenAre from Mars, Women Are from ...
David Reimer was subjected to gender reassignment surgery at 18 months old. What does his storytell us about the relations...
Elizabeth Grosz uses a Möbius strip, such as this one drawn by M. C. Escher, as a model for sexand gender. Even though the...
Hijras embracing at a wedding.     You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyr...
The Toilette of Venus by Peter Paul Rubens. What explanations do sociologists offer for changingideals of beauty?     You ...
In the 1950s, Talcott Parsons advanced the idea that the nuclear family effectively rearedchildren to meet the labor deman...
What did sociologist Janet Lever observe about the difference between the types of gamesthat boys play versus those favore...
Many conflict theorists argue that patriarchal capitalists benefit through systems that subordinatewomen. For instance, ma...
Patricia Hill Collins criticized feminist leaders such as Betty Friedan (pictured above in the red dress),Billie Jean King...
An ancient Greek image of two male lovers. How can comparing social patterns of sexualityacross cultures and throughout hi...
An 1895 cartoon illustrating Oscar Wilde’s sodomy trial. Wilde was convicted of gross indecencyfor his homosexual relation...
Thousands participate in a 2003 gay pride parade.     You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist...
How do travesti challenge common binary models of understanding gender and sexuality?     You May Ask Yourself: An Introdu...
You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc.   17
Figure 8.1: Percentage Figure 8.1: Percentage of High School StudentsWho Have Had Sex, 1991–2009       You May Ask Yoursel...
Teenagers at Silver Ring Thing, a faith-based abstinence-only program held at a church in Canton,Ohio. According to resear...
Figure 8.2: College Enrollment by Gender, 1965–2010     You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologi...
A 1975 survey of children’s books found that boys played active roles but girls were frequentlypassive. What messages abou...
Figure 8.3: Increase of Women in the Workforce     You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3...
Figure 8.4: Pay Discrepancy Based on Gender    You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd E...
Fourth-grade teacher Ryan Fittje is the only male teacher at his Fremont, Nebraska, school.     You May Ask Yourself: An I...
A U.S. soldier prepares to distribute water to Iraqis in Al Faw, Iraq.      You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Think...
Molly Pitcher at the battle at Monmouth.     You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edi...
A World War II poster featuring Rosie the Riveter.     You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologis...
Art SlidesYou May Ask Yourself      http://www.wwnorton.com/college/soc/conley/                                   THIRD ED...
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  1. 1. Chapter 8You YouMay Ask May AskYourself Yourself GenderCore Third Edition Third EditionDalton Conley Dalton Conley Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc.
  2. 2. Chapter opener You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 2
  3. 3. What does economist Deirdre McCloskey’s experiences on both sides of the sex/gender dividetell us about the differences between sex, gender, and sexuality? You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 3
  4. 4. Why would a sociologist disagree with the arguments about gender that John Gray poses in MenAre from Mars, Women Are from Venus? You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 4
  5. 5. David Reimer was subjected to gender reassignment surgery at 18 months old. What does his storytell us about the relationship between biological sex and gender identity? You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 5
  6. 6. Elizabeth Grosz uses a Möbius strip, such as this one drawn by M. C. Escher, as a model for sexand gender. Even though the ants appear to be above or below each other, they are reallyon the same side of the strip. You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 6
  7. 7. Hijras embracing at a wedding. You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 7
  8. 8. The Toilette of Venus by Peter Paul Rubens. What explanations do sociologists offer for changingideals of beauty? You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 8
  9. 9. In the 1950s, Talcott Parsons advanced the idea that the nuclear family effectively rearedchildren to meet the labor demands of a capitalist system. You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 9
  10. 10. What did sociologist Janet Lever observe about the difference between the types of gamesthat boys play versus those favored by girls? You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 10
  11. 11. Many conflict theorists argue that patriarchal capitalists benefit through systems that subordinatewomen. For instance, many cotton mills in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries hired young,unmarried women and required them to live in company boarding houses in order to regulate theirbehavior. You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 11
  12. 12. Patricia Hill Collins criticized feminist leaders such as Betty Friedan (pictured above in the red dress),Billie Jean King (in tan pants and a blue shirt on the left), or Bella Abzug (in gray dress, with the hat)for ignoring the experiences of thousands of working-class and nonwhite women. You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 12
  13. 13. An ancient Greek image of two male lovers. How can comparing social patterns of sexualityacross cultures and throughout history help sociologists understand modern sexuality? You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 13
  14. 14. An 1895 cartoon illustrating Oscar Wilde’s sodomy trial. Wilde was convicted of gross indecencyfor his homosexual relationship with Lord Alfred Douglas. He served two years of hard labor in prison. You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 14
  15. 15. Thousands participate in a 2003 gay pride parade. You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 15
  16. 16. How do travesti challenge common binary models of understanding gender and sexuality? You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 16
  17. 17. You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 17
  18. 18. Figure 8.1: Percentage Figure 8.1: Percentage of High School StudentsWho Have Had Sex, 1991–2009 You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 18
  19. 19. Teenagers at Silver Ring Thing, a faith-based abstinence-only program held at a church in Canton,Ohio. According to research by social scientists, what are the results of abstinence-only programs? You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 19
  20. 20. Figure 8.2: College Enrollment by Gender, 1965–2010 You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 20
  21. 21. A 1975 survey of children’s books found that boys played active roles but girls were frequentlypassive. What messages about gender roles might readers learn from this Dick and Jane book? You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 21
  22. 22. Figure 8.3: Increase of Women in the Workforce You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 22
  23. 23. Figure 8.4: Pay Discrepancy Based on Gender You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 23
  24. 24. Fourth-grade teacher Ryan Fittje is the only male teacher at his Fremont, Nebraska, school. You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 24
  25. 25. A U.S. soldier prepares to distribute water to Iraqis in Al Faw, Iraq. You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 25
  26. 26. Molly Pitcher at the battle at Monmouth. You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 26
  27. 27. A World War II poster featuring Rosie the Riveter. You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 27
  28. 28. Art SlidesYou May Ask Yourself http://www.wwnorton.com/college/soc/conley/ THIRD EDITION by Dalton ConleyYou May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist, 3rd Edition Copyright ©2013 W.W. Norton, Inc. 28
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