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Scholarly documentation

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Slides supporting lecture on scholarly documentation in Penn State course, "Scholarly Inquiry in Workforce Education & Development."

Slides supporting lecture on scholarly documentation in Penn State course, "Scholarly Inquiry in Workforce Education & Development."

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    Scholarly documentation Scholarly documentation Presentation Transcript

    • Scholarly Documentation
      Scholarly Inquiry in WF ED
      26 September 2011
    • What we will consider…
      Ways to evaluate the truth of several statements found on the Web.
      Nature, principles, and qualities of scholarly documentation.
      Identification and avoidance of plagiarism.
      Elimination of copyright violations.
    • Decompose…
      From a page on web
      The child poverty rate in America is often two to three times higher than that of other major industrial nations.
    • Decompose…
      From a page on web
      Only 10% to 20% of company training transfers to the job.
    • Decompose…
      From a page on web
      The number of students in a class is not an important factor when the goal of instruction is the acquisition of subject matter knowledge and academic skills.
      Smaller class sizes are more effective than larger ones when the goals of instruction are motivational, altitudinal, or higher-level cognitive processes.
    • Decompose…
      From a page on web
      According to Dr. Kenneth Gray, Professor Emeritus at Penn State and author of Other Ways to Win, Americans overinvest in baccalaureate degrees.
    • Scholarly documentation…
      Refers to footnotes, endnotes, bibliographies, and so forth: all the apparatus that scholars use in their writing to acknowledge debts to their predecessors.
    • Principle…
      ¶1.10 in APA Manual: “Researchers do not claim the words and ideas of another as their own; they give credit where credit is due.”
      Whenever you quote someone directly, you need to cite the source.
      Whenever you use someone’s original ideas, you need to cite the source, even if you are not quoting directly.
      Acknowledge the work of others.
      Provide others access to sources so that an independent view of the work is possible.
    • Qualities…
      Accurate—Obtain all information necessary (APA defines).
      Precise—Refer to page numbers, tables, figures.
      Holistic, not selective—Do not pick and choose favorable fact and arguments.
      Favoring scholarly, rather than popular works—Use refereed work, but carefully.
      Focus on research, not the researchers—Persons do not count; the work does.
    • Avoid plagiarism…
    • Plagiarism is…
      Plagiarism is the act of stating or implying
      that another person's work is your own.
      http://tlt.its.psu.edu/plagiarism/tutorial/definition
    • Plagiarism exists if you…
      Submit a paper to be graded or reviewed that you have not written on your own.
      Quote or paraphrase from another paper without crediting the original author.
      Cite data without crediting the original source.
      http://tlt.its.psu.edu/plagiarism/tutorial/definition
    • Plagiarism exists if you…
      Propose another author's idea as if it were your own.
      Fabricating references or using incorrect references.
      Submitting someone else's presentation, program, spreadsheet, or other file with only minor alterations.
      http://tlt.its.psu.edu/plagiarism/tutorial/definition
    • Academic integrity is…
      “the pursuit of scholarly activity in an open, honest and responsible manner. Academic integrity is a basic guiding principle for all academic activity at The Pennsylvania State University and all members of the University community are expected to act in accordance with this principle. Consistent with this expectation, the University's Code of Conduct states that all students should act with personal integrity, respect other students' dignity, rights and property, and help create and maintain an environment in which all can succeed through the fruits of their efforts."
      http://www.psu.edu/ufs/policies/47-00.html#49-20
    • Academic integrity is…
      “the pursuit of scholarly activity in an open, honest and responsible manner. Academic integrity is a basic guiding principle for all academic activity at The Pennsylvania State University and all members of the University community are expected to act in accordance with this principle. Consistent with this expectation, the University's Code of Conduct states that all students should act with personal integrity, respect other students' dignity, rights and property, and help create and maintain an environment in which all can succeed through the fruits of their efforts."
      Academic dishonesty includes plagiarism.
      http://www.psu.edu/ufs/policies/47-00.html#49-20
    • Avoid violating copyright…
    • Copyright is a…
      “Form of intellectual property law, protects original works of authorship including literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works, such as poetry, novels, movies, songs, computer software, and architecture. Copyright does not protect facts, ideas, systems, or methods of operation, although it may protect the way these things are expressed.”
      http://www.copyright.gov/help/faq/faq-general.html#what
    • Copyright is a…
      “Form of intellectual property law, protects original works of authorship including literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works, such as poetry, novels, movies, songs, computer software, and architecture. Copyright does not protect facts, ideas, systems, or methods of operation, although it may protect the way these things are expressed.”
      plagiarism = academic dishonesty
      copyright violation = legal offense
      http://www.copyright.gov/help/faq/faq-general.html#what
    • Scholarly Documentation
      Scholarly Inquiry in WF ED
      26 September 2011