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OCC GATE Workshop: HERO's JOURNEY ARCHETYPE
 

OCC GATE Workshop: HERO's JOURNEY ARCHETYPE

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Workshop Packet on Intro to Archetypes & the Hero's Journey

Workshop Packet on Intro to Archetypes & the Hero's Journey

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    OCC GATE Workshop: HERO's JOURNEY ARCHETYPE OCC GATE Workshop: HERO's JOURNEY ARCHETYPE Document Transcript

    • THE HERO’S JOURNEY ARCHETYPE DAVID N CHUNG PLACENTIA YORBA LINDA UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT OCC GATE CONFERENCE 2010: “MIND THE EXCELLENCE GAP” SECONDARY STRAND UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA IRVINE What do Star Wars, Harry Potter, Lois Lowry’s The Giver, C.S. Lewis’ The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe and Homer’s The Odyssey all have in common? All have heroes that partake in a journey of significant change, that is, the “hero’s journey”. All stories have heroes that are truly profound for our students today — profound when enabling students to explore the archetype of the hero in literature and in their own lives. Discover how to facilitate this literary, personal, and collaborative exploration on the hero’s journey archetype enhanced with the elements of depth (patterns, big ideas, ethics) and the parallels content imperative that culminates with a photo essay using iPhoto. PREMISE: THE HERO IN ALL OF US  The Hero  The Journey TERMS SOURCES ARCHETYPES:  SYMBOLS  SITUATIONS  CHARACTERS THE CONVERGENCE  THE HERO’S JOURNEY  VARIATIONS OF THE JOURNEY  KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF THE JOURNEY THE ORGANIZER IPHOTO / IMOVIE / POWERPOINT / BIG HUGE LABS DAVID N. CHUNG. LANGUAGE ARTS, PLACENTIA YORBA LINDA USD. 2010. EMAIL: dnchung@pylusd.org BLOG http://thinkthriveabound.blogspot.com 1
    • THE HERO’S JOURNEY ARCHETYPE ARCHETYPES DEFINITION ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS/ATTRIBUTES or  An original model or pattern from which other later  Often include a symbol, a theme, a setting, or a copies are made, especially a character, an action, or character that some critics think have a common situation that seems to represent common patterns of meaning in an entire culture, or even the entire human life. human race.  Possess particular emotional resonance and power.  Universal “prototype” or template  Recur in different times and places in myth,  In and throughout literature and film literature, folklore, fairy tales, dreams, artwork, and religious rituals. [K. Wheeler] THE TERM ARCHETYPE CAN BE APPLIED TO:  Dr. Carl Jung, first identified universal patterns  An image within works and mythology regardless of culture or  A theme historical period. 
  A symbol 
  An idea  Jung hypothesized that the human mind contained a  A plot pattern “collective unconscious” shared by all members of  A setting the human species. This theory can be applied to the concept of the hero and the hero’s journey. 
 
 THEREFORE, TO SUMMARIZE, THERE ARE ARCHETYPAL:  Symbols  Recognizing archetypal patterns in literature brings  Situations patterns we all unconsciously respond to in similar  Characters ways to a conscious level. [MC Barmann]
 EXAMPLES VARIATIONS ARCHETYPES CAN BE EXPRESSED IN… THE HERO’S JOURNEY [BARMANN]: Stage
1:

 Departure:
The
hero
is
called
to
adventure,
although
he
is
  Myths reluctant
to
accept.
  Dreams Stage
2:
 Initiation:
The
hero
crosses
a
threshold
into
a
new,
more
  Literature dangerous
world,
gaining
a
more
mature
perspective.

  Religions  Fantasies Stage
3:

 The
Road
of
Trials:
The
hero
is
given
supernatural
aid,
endures
 tests
of
strength,
resourcefulness,
and
endurance.
  Folklore Stage
4:

 The
Innermost
Cave:
The
hero
descends
into
the
innermost
 cave,
an
underworld,
or
some
other
place
of
great
trial.
 Sometimes
this
place
can
be
within
the
hero’s
own
mind.
 Because
of
this
trial,
the
hero
is
reborn
in
some
way— physically,
emotionally,
or
spiritually.
Through
this
experience,
 the
hero
changes
internally.
 Stage
5:

 Return
and
Reintegration
with
Society:
The
hero
uses
his
new
 wisdom
to
restore
fertility
and
order
to
the
land
 APPLICATION:  PHOTO ESSAY: IPHOTO, IMOVIE, POWERPOINT, MOVIEMAKER [Apple & Microsoft both have fabulous, practical tutorials on how to use their media program]  FLICKR, PICASA, GOOGLE IMAGES  FREEPLAYMUSIC.COM DAVID N. CHUNG. LANGUAGE ARTS, PLACENTIA YORBA LINDA USD. 2010. EMAIL: dnchung@pylusd.org BLOG http://thinkthriveabound.blogspot.com 2
    • THE HERO’S JOURNEY ARCHETYPE MAIN POINTS DETAILS MY EXAMPLES NOTE CHARACTER’S NAMES AND THE NAME OF LITERATURE/FILM 1. Hero as WARRIOR (Odysseus): A near god- like hero faces physical challenges and external enemies 2. Hero as LOVER (Prince Charming): A pure love motivate hero to complete his quest 3. Hero as SCAPEGOAT (Jesus): Hero suffers for the sake of others 4. TRANSCENDENT Hero: The hero of tragedy whose fatal flaw brings about his downfall, but not without achieving some kind of transforming realization or wisdom (Greek and Shakespearean tragedies—Oedipus, Hamlet, Macbeth, etc.) 5. ROMANTIC/GOTHIC Hero: Hero/lover with a decidedly dark side (Mr. Rochester in HEROIC Jane Eyre) ARCHETYPES: 6. PROTO-FEMINIST Hero: Female heroes (The Awakening by Kate Chopin) 7. APOCALYPTIC Hero: Hero who faces the possible destruction of society 8. ANTI-Hero: A non-hero, given the vocation of failure, frequently humorous (Homer Simpson) 9. DEFIANT ANTI-hero: Opposer of society’s definition of heroism/goodness. (Heart of Darkness) 10. UNBALANCED Hero: The Protagonist who has (or must pretend to have) mental or emotional deficiencies (Hamlet, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest) 11. The OTHER—the DENIED Hero: The protagonist whose status or essential otherness makes heroism possible (Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison, The Joy Luck Club by Amy Tan) 12. The SUPERHEROIC: Exaggerates the normal proportions of humanity; frequently has divine or supernatural origins. In some sense, the superhero is one apart, someone who does not quite belong, but who is nonetheless needed by society. (Mythological heroes, Superman) http://teacherweb.com/OK/OklahoaCityPublicSchools/Barmann/Archetypes.doc. DAVID N. CHUNG. LANGUAGE ARTS, PLACENTIA YORBA LINDA USD. 2010. EMAIL: dnchung@pylusd.org BLOG http://thinkthriveabound.blogspot.com 3
    • THE HERO’S JOURNEY ARCHETYPE ESSENTIAL PARTS OF THE HERO’S JOURNEY
 MAIN POINTS DETAILS EXAMPLES IN __________________________  The quest for identity  The epic journey to find the promised land/to found the good city  The quest for vengeance TYPES OF ARCHETYPAL  The warrior’s journey to save his people JOURNEYS  The search for love (to rescue the princess/damsel in distress)  The journey in search of knowledge  The tragic quest: penance or self-denial  The fool’s errand  The quest to rid the land of danger  The grail quest (the quest for human perfection)  The hero is naïve and inexperienced  The hero meets monsters or monstrous men  The hero has a strange, wise being as a mentor  The hero years for the beautiful lady who is sometimes his guide or inspiration  The hero must go on a journey, learn a lesson, change in some way, and return home  The hero often crosses a body of water or travels on a bridge.  The hero is born and raised in a rural setting away from cities CHARACTERISTICS  The origin of the hero is mysterious or the hero losses OF THE HERO’S his/her parents at a young age, being raised by animals or a JOURNEY wise guardian  The hero returns to the land of his/her birth in disguise or as an unknown  The hero is special, one of a kind. He/she might represent a whole nation or culture  The hero struggles for something valuable and important  The hero has help from divine or supernatural forces  The hero has a guide or guides  The hero goes through a rite of passage or initiation, an event that marks a change from an immature to a more mature understanding of the world  The hero undergoes some type of ritual or ceremony after his/her initiation  The hero has a loyal band of companions  The hero makes a stirring speech to his/her companions  The hero engages in tests or contests of strength (physical and/or mental) and shows pride in his/her excellence  The hero suffers an unhealable wound, sometimes an emotional or spiritual wound from which the hero never completely recovers. http://teacherweb.com/OK/OklahomaCityPublicSchools/Barmann/Archetypes.doc.
 DAVID N. CHUNG. LANGUAGE ARTS, PLACENTIA YORBA LINDA USD. 2010. EMAIL: dnchung@pylusd.org BLOG http://thinkthriveabound.blogspot.com 4
    • THE HERO’S JOURNEY ARCHETYPE Name:
 HERO’S JOURNEY IN _____________________________________ Class:

 
 
 
 Date:
 AUTHOR / DIRECTOR: GENRE: STAGES OF THE HERO’S JOURNEY:  SEPARATION FROM THE KNOWN WORLD: o THE CALL, THE THRESHOLD  INITIATION & TRANSFORMATION: o THE CHALLENGES, THE ABYSS, TRANSFORMATION, REVELATION, ATONEMENT  THE RETURN TO THE KNOWN WORLD: o THE RETURN SEPARATION
FROM
THE
KNOWN
WORLD
 STAGE & CHARACTERISTICS CHARACTER:____________________ CONNECTION OR ILLUSTRATION THE CALL  Invites us into adventure  Offers the opportunity to gain something of value (physical or spiritual) by facing the unknown  May choose willingly to undertake quest or may be dragged into it  Reasons for quest: 1. Something was taken and we need to reclaim it 2. Something is lacking in our life and we must find what is missing 3. We want to save or restore honor 4. We realize something is not permitted and must gain these rights THE THRESHOLD  The jumping off point for the adventure  Interface between the known (familiar world) and the unknown (a world filled with challenges and dangers)  At the threshold, people and situations block our passage until we are truly ready to meet the challenge  Threshold guardians: for children (parents), for adults (fears and doubts)  Encounter helpers who provide assistance (often bringing a divine gift or talisman)  Most important helper is a mentor or guide (keeps us focused on goal)  Mentors/helpers cannot take the journey for us, we must do it ourselves if we are to benefit from it and grow INITIATION
&
TRANSFORMATION
 STAGE & CHARACTERISTICS CHARACTER:____________________ CONNECTION OR ILLUSTRATION THE CHALLENGES  Begin journey into unknown (outward into a physical unknown or inward into a psychological unknown)  Puts hero more and more at risk (emotionally, mentally, psychologically, and/or physically)  Face a series of challenges or temptations that increase in difficulty  Challenges always strike at greatest weakness  Greatest test is to differentiate real helpers from “tempters”  Tempters try to pull us away from our path DAVID N. CHUNG. LANGUAGE ARTS, PLACENTIA YORBA LINDA USD. 2010. EMAIL: dnchung@pylusd.org BLOG http://thinkthriveabound.blogspot.com 5
    • THE HERO’S JOURNEY ARCHETYPE INITIATION
&
TRANSFORMATION
[CONTINUED] STAGE & CHARACTERISTICS CHARACTER:_____________________ CONNECTION OR ILLUSTRATION THE ABYSS  Greatest challenge of the journey, we must surrender ourselves completely to it  We must face our greatest fear, and face it alone (known as “slaying the dragon”)  A possibility the challenge will beat us, or we can’t surrender to it and thus retreat THE TRANSFORMATION  As we conquer and overcome our fears, the transformation is complete  Final step is the moment of death and rebirth (part of us dies so a new part can be born) THE REVELATION  Part of the Transformation is a Revelation (a sudden, dramatic change in the way we think or view life)  The change in thinking is what makes us a different person ATONEMENT  We achieve atonement [compensation, restoration or the payment for a mistake] when we are “at one” with our new self.  We are in harmony with life and the world (an imbalance has been corrected) THE
RETURN
TO
THE
KNOWN
WORLD
 STAGE & CHARACTERISTICS CHARACTER:_____________________ CONNECTION OR ILLUSTRATION THE RETURN  Our return to everyday life  We discover our gift and may become a great leader or are spiritually enlightened  We begin contributing to our society (possibly renewing or even saving it)  Sometimes things don’t go smoothly: 1. Our message is rejected 2. We are ostracized or killed for our ideal 3. We lose our new understanding or are corrupted 4. We leave society because our understanding is greater than others around us DAVID N. CHUNG. LANGUAGE ARTS, PLACENTIA YORBA LINDA USD. 2010. EMAIL: dnchung@pylusd.org BLOG http://thinkthriveabound.blogspot.com 6
    • THE HERO’S JOURNEY ARCHETYPE NAME: DATE: SCORE: FRAMES TITLE OF LITERATURE: AUTHOR: ASSIGNMENT: TASK BREAK DOWN A STAGE OF THE HERO’S JOURNEY. START FROM THE CENTER, NOTE THE STAGE, AND COMPLETE THE FRAME. PATHWAY SYNOPSIS SUMMARIZE THE PART OF THE STORY THAT REVEALS THE ABYSS. [NOTE 5-8 IMPORTANT EVENTS] REVEALING PASSAGES OR CHALLENGES, ISSUES, QUOTES VALUES CITE A PASSAGE OR QUOTE THAT SHOWS THE STAGE OF THE JOURNEY: EXPLAIN WHAT CRITICAL ISSUES AND/OR CONFLICT THE HERO IS DEALING WITH IN THIS KEY PARTS OF THIS STAGE… STAGE… ___________________________ LIST THE [KEY COMPONENTS] OF THIS STAGE:  …
  …
  …
  …
 Taken from Frames, Kaplan & Gould. Educator to Educator CONTRIBUTING FACTORS TO THE EVOLUTION OF THIS CHARACTER IDENTIFY, LIST, AND EXPLAIN WHAT OTHER CHARACTERS AND/OR EVENTS ARE CAUSING THIS HERO TO CHANGE… DAVID N. CHUNG. LANGUAGE ARTS, PLACENTIA YORBA LINDA USD. 2010. EMAIL: dnchung@pylusd.org BLOG http://thinkthriveabound.blogspot.com 7
    • THE HERO’S JOURNEY ARCHETYPE NAME: DATE: SCORE: FRAMES TITLE OF LITERATURE: AUTHOR: ASSIGNMENT: CONSIDER ALL THE PARTS OF THE HERO’S JOURNEY AND EXPLAIN THE CONVERGENCE OF THE HERO. TASK  WHAT
EVENTS,
PEOPLE,
OR
OTHER
FACTORS
CAME
TOGETHER
TO
CAUSE
THIS
CHARACTER
TO
 CHANGE
INTO
A
HERO?
 PATHWAY SEPARATION FROM THE KNOWN WORLD: THE CALL, THE THRESHOLD FINAL CONCLUSIONS ANSWER THE KEY QUESTION/S THE RETURN TO THE KNOWN WORLD TRANSFORMATION, ATONEMENT TRANSFORMATION, REVELATION,: INITIATION & TRANSFORMATION: THE RETURN T THE CHALLENGES H E Taken from Frames, Kaplan & Gould. Educator to Educator R E T U R N INITIATION & TRANSFORMATION: THE ABYSS DAVID N. CHUNG. LANGUAGE ARTS, PLACENTIA YORBA LINDA USD. 2010. EMAIL: dnchung@pylusd.org BLOG http://thinkthriveabound.blogspot.com 8
    • THE HERO’S JOURNEY ARCHETYPE REFERENCES American Masters-For Teachers. “George Lucas and the Power of Myth.” THIRTEEN, Educational Broadcasting Corporation, 2009. Web. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/education/lesson4_overview.html> Barmann, MC. “Archetypes-Tragic Hero Notes.” TeacherWeb Inc, 2009. <http://teacherweb.com/OK/OklahomaCityPublicSchools/Barmann/photo2.aspx> “Bear Exposed.” Man vs. Wild, Season 2. Bear Grylls. Discovery Channel. 2008. Apple iTunes TV Show. Discovery Communications, 2008. Bradbury, Ray. Fahrenheit 451. NY: Simon & Schuster, Inc., 1981. The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. Dir. Andrew Adamson. Perf. William Moseley, Skandar Keynes, Georgie Henley, Anna Popplewell, Tilda Swinton. DVD. Buena Vista Home Entertainment, 2006. Finding Forrester. Dir. Gus Van Sant. Perf. Sean Connery, Rob Brown, F. Murray Abraham. DVD. Columbia Pictures Corporation, 2001. Great Books Foundation. An Introduction to Shared Inquiry: A Handbook for Junior Great Books Leaders. Illinois: The Great Books Foundation, 1999. < http://www.greatbooks.org > Harris, Reg. Educational Home of the Hero’s Journey. Napa, CA: Harris Communications, 2008. Web. < http://www.yourheroicjourney.com/ > Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone. Dir. Chris Columbus. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Richard Harris, Robbie Coltrane, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson. DVD. Warner Home Video, 2002. The Hero’s Journey: An Environment to Explore the Classic Mythical Story Structure and to Create Your Own Stories. Maricopa Center for Learning and Instruction, 15 Aug 02. Web. < http://www.mcli.dist.maricopa.edu/smc/journey/ > The Hero’s Journey. Read, Write, Think. International Reading Association, NCTE. Web. 17 Oct. 2009. <http://www.readwritethink.org/materials/herosjourney/ > < http://readwritethink.org/lessons/lesson_view.asp?id=1152 > Homer. “Book 9: New Coasts and Poseidon’s Son.” The Odyssey. Trans. Robert Fitzgerald. The Language of Literature. IL: McDougal Littell, Inc., 1997. 486-507. The Incredibles. Dir. Brad Bird. Perf. Craig T. Nelson, Holly Hunter, Jason Lee. DVD. Walt Disney Home Entertainment, 2005. Jimenez, Francisco. “The Circuit.” The Language of Literature. IL: McDougal Littell , Inc., 2002. 264-270. Kung Fu Panda. Dir. Mark Osborne and John Stevenson. Perf. Jack Black, Dustin Hoffman, Angelina Jolie, Ian McShane.. DVD. DreamWorks Home Entertainment, 2008. Lessing, Doris. “Through the Tunnel.” The Language of Literature. IL: McDougal Littell, Inc., 1997. 91-105. Lewis, C.S. The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. New York: HarperCollins, 2000. Lowis Lowry. The Giver. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1993. Minority Report. Dir. Steven Spielberg. Perf. Tom Cruise, Max von Sydow. DVD. Dreamworks Home Entertainment, 2002. Ni Tuama, Shelley. Archetypes in Life, Literature, and Myth. OH: Center for Learning, 1997. Paulsen, Gary. Hatchet. NY: Aladdin Paperbacks, 1996. Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl. Dir. Gore Verbinski. Perf. Johnny Depp, Orlando Bloom, Keira Knightly, Geoffrey Rush. DVD. Jerry Bruckheimer Films, Walt Disney Studios, 2007. Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End. Dir. Gore Verbinski. Perf. Johnny Depp, Orlando Bloom, Keira Knightly, Bill Nighy, Geoffrey Rush. DVD. Jerry Bruckheimer Films, Walt Disney Studios, 2003. Rosenblatt, Louise. Literature As Exploration. 5th ed. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1996. Seven Valleys Software. “Archetypes, Myths, and Characters.” Storybuilder User's Manual. Glen Rock, PA.: Seven Valleys Software, 1998. < http://www.svsoft.com/Archetypes,%20Myths%20and%20Characters.htm > Sky High. Dir. Mike Mitchell. Perf. Michael Angarano, Kurt Russell, Kelly Preston. DVD. Walt Disney Home Entertainment, 2005. Star Wars Espisode IV: A New Hope. Dir. George Lucas. Perf. Mark Hamill, Harrison Ford, Carrie Fisher. Alec Guinness. DVD. Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, 1997. WEBSITES Apple Computers: iPhoto Support, Tips. Troubleshooting, & Tutorials: < http://www.apple.com/support/iphoto/ > Apple Computers: iMovie Support, Tips. Troubleshooting, & Tutorials: < http://www.apple.com/support/imovie/ > Yahoo! Flickr. < http://www.flickr.com/ > The Hero’s Journey. Read, Write, Think. International Reading Association, NCTE. Web. 17 Oct. 2009. <http://www.readwritethink.org/materials/herosjourney/ > < http://readwritethink.org/lessons/lesson_view.asp?id=1152 > Web English Teacher: < http://www.webenglishteacher.com/index.html > DAVID N. CHUNG. LANGUAGE ARTS, PLACENTIA YORBA LINDA USD. 2010. EMAIL: dnchung@pylusd.org BLOG http://thinkthriveabound.blogspot.com 9