PRESENTATION• The Dutch painter Vincent Van Gogh was born in the city of Zunder Groot, Netherlands on 30 March 1853 and is one of the main representatives of post- impressionism. He lived most of his life in France, from his youth proved to have a strong character and hard, is considered one of the artists of modern.• Vincent van Gogh produced all of his work (some 900 paintings and 1,600 drawings) during a period of only 10 years (1880-1890 stage) until it acquired a mental illness.
FIRST STAGE• Van Gogh painting understood as a way of changing society and as a means of personal salvation, influenced by the Dutch Baroque, was a clear reference to Rembrandt as to what made chromaticism began painting bleak Dutch countryside scenes, such as "The potato Eaters "(1885). At this stage shows the daily life of the least protected, approaches with dignity in a situation of social abandonment. Their ranges now are dark, poorly lit environments and stresses of light and shadow.
SECOND STAGE• The next stage in Paris, is putting you in touch with the Impressionists, he discovered a new perception of light and color, learned the clear division ranges and tones and showed a simplification while greater intensity in the treatment of colors. At this time began to copy Japanese prints is one of the European artists to the most influential this type of paint. He chose the landscape and portrait.
THIRD STAGE (1)• He painted what he saw and did not need Japanese prints but still paint something based on them.• On the subject of her bedroom, three paintings Van Gogh made almost identical. represents a room in the Yellow House in Arles. He appealed also to the process of synthesis of forms learned from Japanese prints.
THIRD STAGE (2) • His early paintings were typically Japanese in Arles; Peach blossom painting. He painted the surrounding nature, the wheat fields, the swamps of the delta of the Rhone, Langlois Bridge. During this period he began to use the rolling brush and yellow, green and intense blue that characterize his paintings of late .
LAST YEARS • The last years of Van Gogh were marked by their permanent psychiatric problems, which led him to be detained in mental hospitals voluntarily. • This was the last picture that Van Gogh painted a few days before the suicide. Crows reflect bad omens. The dark sky and scrambled it anywhere not indicate a single cheerful note. • On the afternoon of July 27, 1890, Vincent took the field and shot himself in the stomach with a pistol that killed two days after • He was one of the most famous painters in the world, despite having made more than eight hundred works considered extraordinary, died in poverty, is a living example of many painters who like him devoted his life to painting and unfortunately his work was not appreciated in life, only to die a price obtained invaluable. • The vast majority of Van Goghs paintings are on display at the Museum Van Gogh in Amsterdam and the Musée dOrsay in Paris.