Cultural differences between Japan and USA people


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Useful things to know about cultural differences between English and Japanese

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  • Nice slideshow...answers to quiz questions are: Mt. Fuji, a red sun, bullet train, the koi/raccoon/dog/green pheasant/crane...vinegar and soybeans. Mmm ~ healthy yummy.
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Cultural differences between Japan and USA people

  1. 1. John C. Condon<br />With Respect to the Japanese<br />Cultural Differences between American and Japanese<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />
  3. 3. Basis of Personal Identification<br />1°) Individual<br />2°) THEN, as a Group<br />
  4. 4. Basis of Personal Identification<br />Part of some larger Group<br />
  5. 5. Nature of Interpersonal Relations<br />Differences in:<br />Age<br />Sex<br />Role<br />Rank<br />...<br />SHOULD NOT be emphasized<br />
  6. 6. Nature of Interpersonal Relations<br />Previous Differences are acknowledged<br />Ex: deference shown in speech<br />
  7. 7. Valued Qualities in Work Relations<br />Talent<br />Experience<br />Specialists are sought<br />
  8. 8. Valued Qualities in Work Relations<br />Ability to get along with others<br />Evoke and respond to trust<br />
  9. 9. Promotions<br />Based on merit<br />High upward mobility<br />
  10. 10. Promotions<br />Based on seniority and merit<br />Horizontal Mobility<br />Long Life Employment<br />
  11. 11. Interpersonal Communication Channel<br />Directness with persons of comparable status<br />Indirect with subordinates<br />
  12. 12. Interpersonal Communication Channel<br />Intermediaries<br />No direct contact<br />With subordinates: <br />direct and frequent contact<br />
  13. 13. Communication Style<br />Explicit<br />Verbal presentation of information<br />Vagueness & ambiguity = irritating<br />“Say what you mean, and mean what you say”<br />
  14. 14. Communication Style<br />Implicit<br />Non verbal<br />Vagueness & ambiguity = positive!<br />Meaning :<br />“between the lines”<br />What is NOT said...<br />
  15. 15. Decision-making<br />Top-down<br />Relatively fast<br />Where necessary<br />Decision by vote<br />Consensus desirable BUT not expected<br />
  16. 16. Decision-making<br />Upward: from middle or bottom<br />Relatively slow<br />Consensus through lengthy discussions is expected <br />
  17. 17. Conflict and confrontation<br />Inevitable But not neccesarily desirable<br />Should be dealt with directly and frankly<br />Management: Deal withissues as they arise<br />
  18. 18. Conflict and confrontation<br />Are to be avoided if at all possible<br />Harmony in interpersonal relations a primary goal<br />Management: prevent problems from occurring<br />
  19. 19. Social interaction<br />Spontaneity and novelty are desired<br />Repartee may be enjoyed<br />Disagreements can basis for desired social conversation and stimulation<br />
  20. 20. Social interaction<br />Predictability and ritualized interactions prevailed<br />Repartee, sarcasm can be embarrassing <br />Disagreements in public can cause discomfort<br />Humility & politeness<br />
  21. 21. Family and work loyalties<br />Immediate family relations OVER work relations<br />Loyaltie to task or professional issue OVER loyaltie to organisation<br />
  22. 22. Family and work loyalties<br />Loyalty to organisation OVER family desires<br />Loyalties to parents, benefactors, past teachers<br />Very strong<br />
  23. 23. Time orientation <br />Present and immediate future<br />Past serves as reference point RATHER THAN as guide to action<br />Future serves as an attraction but too uncertain for basis of much planning <br />
  24. 24. Time orientation <br />Past, present and future all viable<br />Depends of age<br />
  25. 25. Little Quizz<br />What is the highest mountain in Japan?<br />What is painted in Japanese national flag ?<br />What is "shinkansen"?<br />What is the national animal of Japan?<br />What is necessary to make "Sushi”: oil, pepper or vinegar ?<br />What is "tofu" made from?<br />