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HEALTHY ALIMENTATION INSTITUT JOAN SEGURA I VALLS ALUMNES ESO ANNA AYMERICH MESTRE
CARBOHIDRATES <ul><li>They are found in grains, the legumes, potatoes, fruits, milk, vegetables, nuts, whole grains, sugar...
LIPIDS OR FATS <ul><li>.  They provide energy to the body   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vegetal Fats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
PROTEINS <ul><li>They have many important functions in cells of living beings  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They are part of the ...
VITAMINS <ul><li>They are very important Organic substances </li></ul><ul><li>They are called: capital letters, sometimes ...
MINERALS <ul><li>Besides carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur, the organism needs other elements such as calcium,...
WATER <ul><li>It is the most essential nutrient. It may take the form of drinking water, but there are also the fruit, in ...
DAILY ENERGY AND NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS <ul><li>CARBOHYDRATES = 55-60% of daily intake   </li></ul><ul><li>Lipids or fats =...
BALANCED ALIMENTATION <ul><ul><li>Is varied: five food groups   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this enough: quantity in rel...
Balanced Alimentation <ul><li>Food Groups:   </li></ul><ul><li>Fish, meat, eggs and pulses : 2 servings a day (1 portion =...
BALANCED ALIMENTATION <ul><li>Vegetables : 2-3 servings a day (1 serving = 1 vegetable dish full of salad or cooked)   </l...
FOOD PYRAMID <ul><li>The pyramid is formed by the arrangement of the types of food according to the amount of each need to...
GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS   <ul><li>MODE OF CONSUMPTION   </li></ul><ul><li>Sausages Sugary soft drinks and / or gas Never d...
GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS <ul><li>Increase the demand:   </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bread Water Vegetables and salads Fis...
GENERAL RECOMMENDATION <ul><li>KEEP IN MIND   : </li></ul><ul><li>While chewing, eating without haste Do not be monotonous...
GENERAL RECOMMENDATION <ul><li>SMALL CHANGES TO MY DIET   : </li></ul><ul><li>Breakfast before you leave home If I'm thirs...
PHYSICAL EXERCISE TO DO?   <ul><li>To enjoy good health to follow a healthy diet, while necessary to exercise   </li></ul>
THANK YOU!!!!
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Healthy alimentation

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Transcript of "Healthy alimentation"

  1. 1. HEALTHY ALIMENTATION INSTITUT JOAN SEGURA I VALLS ALUMNES ESO ANNA AYMERICH MESTRE
  2. 2. CARBOHIDRATES <ul><li>They are found in grains, the legumes, potatoes, fruits, milk, vegetables, nuts, whole grains, sugar ….. </li></ul>
  3. 3. LIPIDS OR FATS <ul><li>. They provide energy to the body </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vegetal Fats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal Fats </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. PROTEINS <ul><li>They have many important functions in cells of living beings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They are part of the basic structure of tissues (muscles, tendons, skin, nails). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vegetal Proteins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal Proteins </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. VITAMINS <ul><li>They are very important Organic substances </li></ul><ul><li>They are called: capital letters, sometimes followed by a number and an abbreviation of its chemical name (eg vitamin B1 or thiamine ) </li></ul><ul><li>Not provide Energy. </li></ul><ul><li>With a balanced diet we won’t need an additional contribution . </li></ul>
  6. 6. MINERALS <ul><li>Besides carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur, the organism needs other elements such as calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, iron, fluorine or iodine. </li></ul><ul><li>A balanced and varied diet provides all the minerals needed. </li></ul>
  7. 7. WATER <ul><li>It is the most essential nutrient. It may take the form of drinking water, but there are also the fruit, in milk, other beverages and other foods . </li></ul>
  8. 8. DAILY ENERGY AND NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS <ul><li>CARBOHYDRATES = 55-60% of daily intake </li></ul><ul><li>Lipids or fats = 30-35% of daily intake </li></ul><ul><li>PROTEINS = 12-15% of daily intake </li></ul><ul><li>Water = 2,5 LITRES/DAY </li></ul>
  9. 9. BALANCED ALIMENTATION <ul><ul><li>Is varied: five food groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this enough: quantity in relation to the period of life, activity and work being carried </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is complete and balanced: it includes all the nutrients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is hygienic: following certain rules </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Balanced Alimentation <ul><li>Food Groups: </li></ul><ul><li>Fish, meat, eggs and pulses : 2 servings a day (1 portion = 120 grams meat, 150 grams white fish or blue, 1-2 eggs, ¼ chicken or rabbit, a vegetable dish) </li></ul><ul><li>Milk and derivatives : 2-4 servings a day (1 serving = 1 cup milk, 2 yogurt, 1 serving cottage cheese, 3-4 slices cheese semi ) </li></ul><ul><li>Fruits: 2-3 servings a day (1 serving = 1 medium piece) </li></ul>
  11. 11. BALANCED ALIMENTATION <ul><li>Vegetables : 2-3 servings a day (1 serving = 1 vegetable dish full of salad or cooked) </li></ul><ul><li>Farinacis : 4-6 servings per day (cereal, pasta, rice, potatoes) (1 portion = normal dish pasta / rice, 3-4 slices bread, a large potato) </li></ul><ul><li>Oil : 3-6 servings a day (1 serving = 1 tablespoon, 1 handful of nuts) </li></ul>
  12. 12. FOOD PYRAMID <ul><li>The pyramid is formed by the arrangement of the types of food according to the amount of each need to have a balanced diet. </li></ul>
  13. 13. GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS <ul><li>MODE OF CONSUMPTION </li></ul><ul><li>Sausages Sugary soft drinks and / or gas Never drink Sal Treats, sweets and chocolate Desserts with much sugar, fat and confectionery Butter, margarine, cream and foods that contain </li></ul>
  14. 14. GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS <ul><li>Increase the demand: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bread Water Vegetables and salads Fish Fruits Milk, yogurt, cheese Olive oil Nuts </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. GENERAL RECOMMENDATION <ul><li>KEEP IN MIND : </li></ul><ul><li>While chewing, eating without haste Do not be monotonous Give the act of eating the importance it deserves Overseeing the general hygiene and food handling It is important to eat a balanced diet of everything = Do not skip any meal and drink water between meals The dinner meal = lighter Not t'obsessionis with the balance </li></ul>
  16. 16. GENERAL RECOMMENDATION <ul><li>SMALL CHANGES TO MY DIET : </li></ul><ul><li>Breakfast before you leave home If I'm thirsty to drink water and carbonated soft drinks Eat two fruits whole day Choose salads instead of fries I do not like vegetables in the form of puree and tortilla soup. Breakfast and / or bring snacks to school varied sandwiches (cheese, tuna ...) instead of pastries, donuts, ensaimadas, croissants .. Reducing consumption or not eat &quot;xuxes </li></ul>
  17. 17. PHYSICAL EXERCISE TO DO? <ul><li>To enjoy good health to follow a healthy diet, while necessary to exercise </li></ul>
  18. 18. THANK YOU!!!!
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