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PROJECT DEVELOPMENT
Project Development.
• You have now found it important
to develop a nutrition project to
address a nutrition problem.
Project……
A project is a specific task or series of tasks
which, when completed, will produce a
desired result.
A project ...
Project…..
• All sorts of people are involved in a
project. It needs to be designed, to be
managed, monitored and reviewed...
Project…..
• A project can be of almost any size from
massive to minute. It can take weeks, months
or even years to comple...
Project…..
Most projects contain these basic
characteristics.
• They have a specific objective
• They have an agreed upon ...
Project cycle
A project must follow a Project Cycle (Also called
project life cycle.
Definition:
Stages through which prac...
Project cycle
(1) Identification: stage where one project-idea out of several
alternatives is chosen and defined.
(2) Prep...
Project cycle
1. Identification: stage where one project-idea out
of several alternatives is chosen and defined.
You first...
Project cycle…
2. Preparation: defined idea is carefully
developed to the appraisal stage.
3. Appraisal: every aspect of t...
Project cycle…
4. Presentation: detailed plan is submitted for
approval and financing to the appropriate
entities.
5. Impl...
Project cycle
6. Monitoring:
At every stage the progress of the project is
assessed against the plan.
Monitoring is the wa...
Monitoring …
Project management must keep asking the
questions: 'have the funds been disbursed on
schedule, will this acti...
Monitoring
• A Monitoring tool must be
developed for this purpose
Project cycle
7. Evaluation:
Upon completion the project is
reassessed in terms of its efficiency
and performance.
Evaluat...
Evaluation …
A decision about Evaluation is taken at the
Formulation stage and the initial points
to be included should ha...
Evaluation
• An evaluation tool must be
developed for this purpose
Monitoring and evaluation
Interdependence between
monitoring and evaluation.
Monitoring and evaluation
Purpose:
Monitoring and evaluation is the process of
collecting and analyzing information about
...
Monitoring and evaluation
In order to know whether or not you are on
track to achieving your program’s objectives,
you mus...
Monitoring and evaluation..
• It is necessary to plan for monitoring and
evaluation when you design your
program;
• This w...
Monitoring and evaluation..
The process of monitoring and evaluation generally
helps you answer the following questions:
•...
Monitoring and evaluation..
Or, in the Causal Pathway Framework language:
Inputs: Were program inputs available, adequate,...
THE END
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Transcript of "Project development new1"

  1. 1. PROJECT DEVELOPMENT
  2. 2. Project Development. • You have now found it important to develop a nutrition project to address a nutrition problem.
  3. 3. Project…… A project is a specific task or series of tasks which, when completed, will produce a desired result. A project occurs when you have a goal and a plan to achieve that goal. The journey, how you get there, is part of that project.
  4. 4. Project….. • All sorts of people are involved in a project. It needs to be designed, to be managed, monitored and reviewed. • Note that the tasks involved in a project need to be clearly and comprehensively defined before the project begins. • A failure to understand the requirements and desired end result can produce a failed project.
  5. 5. Project….. • A project can be of almost any size from massive to minute. It can take weeks, months or even years to complete or could be finished in a day. • There are several factors as part of every successful project and the first one is knowing exactly what is involved.
  6. 6. Project….. Most projects contain these basic characteristics. • They have a specific objective • They have an agreed upon time span • They involve something new or unique • They have certain requirements such as cost and a method of achievement
  7. 7. Project cycle A project must follow a Project Cycle (Also called project life cycle. Definition: Stages through which practically every major project goes through:
  8. 8. Project cycle (1) Identification: stage where one project-idea out of several alternatives is chosen and defined. (2) Preparation: defined idea is carefully developed to the appraisal stage. (3) Appraisal: every aspect of the project idea is subjected to systematic and comprehensive evaluation, and a project plan is prepared. (4) Presentation: detailed plan is submitted for approval and financing to the appropriate entities. (5) Implementation: with necessary approvals and financing in place, the project plan is implemented. (6) Monitoring: at every stage the progress of the project is assessed against the plan. (7) Evaluation: upon completion the project is reassessed in terms of its efficiency and performance. Also called project life cycle.
  9. 9. Project cycle 1. Identification: stage where one project-idea out of several alternatives is chosen and defined. You first need to identify a broad topic or subject area within nutrition that interests you and then within this identify a very specific area in which there is either a gap in knowledge or controversy that you can address in your research project. From this you will ultimately need to develop a formal research question or hypothesis
  10. 10. Project cycle… 2. Preparation: defined idea is carefully developed to the appraisal stage. 3. Appraisal: every aspect of the project idea is subjected to systematic and comprehensive evaluation, and a project plan is prepared.
  11. 11. Project cycle… 4. Presentation: detailed plan is submitted for approval and financing to the appropriate entities. 5. Implementation: with necessary approvals and financing in place, the project plan is implemented.
  12. 12. Project cycle 6. Monitoring: At every stage the progress of the project is assessed against the plan. Monitoring is the way in which projects are measured, managed and kept on track according to the plans: if a project cannot be monitored and measured, it cannot be managed.
  13. 13. Monitoring … Project management must keep asking the questions: 'have the funds been disbursed on schedule, will this activity lead to the planned Output, Are there any important Assumptions that need attention and will the Outputs lead to achieving Project Purpose?'
  14. 14. Monitoring • A Monitoring tool must be developed for this purpose
  15. 15. Project cycle 7. Evaluation: Upon completion the project is reassessed in terms of its efficiency and performance. Evaluation is when the assessment of the project is undertaken and any lessons learnt can be identified and disseminated widely.
  16. 16. Evaluation … A decision about Evaluation is taken at the Formulation stage and the initial points to be included should have been drafted by the project design team.
  17. 17. Evaluation • An evaluation tool must be developed for this purpose
  18. 18. Monitoring and evaluation Interdependence between monitoring and evaluation.
  19. 19. Monitoring and evaluation Purpose: Monitoring and evaluation is the process of collecting and analyzing information about the project that tells you whether you are on track to reach your objectives, and whether or not the project achieved or contributed to the desired impact.
  20. 20. Monitoring and evaluation In order to know whether or not you are on track to achieving your program’s objectives, you must monitor the project during implementation as well as evaluate its impact at the end of the project. Monitoring the progress of the project allows you to adapt the program as needed to ensure that you attain your objectives.
  21. 21. Monitoring and evaluation.. • It is necessary to plan for monitoring and evaluation when you design your program; • This will help you both to design an effective program and ensure that you plan (and budget) for appropriate monitoring and evaluation activities.
  22. 22. Monitoring and evaluation.. The process of monitoring and evaluation generally helps you answer the following questions: • Are we doing what we said we were going to do? • Are we achieving what we said we would achieve? • Is the project design sound? How can it be improved? • What were the unintended consequences? • Is our program causing the observed changes?
  23. 23. Monitoring and evaluation.. Or, in the Causal Pathway Framework language: Inputs: Were program inputs available, adequate, timely? Activities: Were activities performed on schedule? Outputs: Were outputs produced? Were they of acceptable quality? Effects: Were effects observed? Impact: Was impact achieved?
  24. 24. THE END
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